Household Food Security and Nutrition Assessment 2009, in Bangladesh (HFSNA 2009)
This study found that households were greatly affected by the 2007-2008 food price hikes and forced to rely on indebtedness and changes in food expenditures and consumption habits. This resulted in decreased access to essential diets and necessary micronutrients for vulnerable children and women. Using WHO 2006 growth standards, the study found that rates of acute malnutrition (13.5%), underweight (37.4%) and stunting (48.6%) were worryingly high in children under five years of age and almost 20% of mothers were malnourished. The study estimated that more than 2.1 million children are acutely malnourished and 550,000 suffer from severe acute malnutrition. Clear links were demonstrated between malnutrition and household food insecurity. The report has numerous policy and programming recommendations for those involved in planning or implementing food security and nutrition interventions. WFP and UNICEF consider it essential to scale-up proven interventions such as micronutrient supplementation and community-based management of acute malnutrition.