Health and Nutrition


Factors Affecting Health



Future Challenges


Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (CIDD)

© UNICEF Bangladesh
Ayesha Khatun, mother of 11 month old Zaheda adding iodized salt to the food she cooks for her daughter.

Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD) can be prevented by consuming tiny amounts of iodine on a regular basis. UNICEF is working with a range of partners in Bangladesh to promote iodization of salt, so that everyone receives enough of this micronutrient in their diet to avert IDD.

The overarching aim is to ensure that the activities are cost-effective and sustainable in the long term. This means:

  • maintaining through advocacy the Government’s strong political commitment to the Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (CIDD) by Universal Salt Iodization (USI).
  • collaboration with and participation of the private sector in sharing the costs of USI and in monitoring the quality of iodized salt
  • ensuring appropriate salt iodization at factory level and quality maintenance at wholesaler and retailer levels through monitoring, supervising and evaluating salt iodization at all levels, with particular emphasis on the performance of salt factories.
  • strengthening Behavioural Change Communication (BCC) to create more demand for iodized salt among consumers, retailers, wholesalers and producers.
  • intensive monitoring of the enforcement of the salt law.
  • developing collaborative partnerships with all relevant agencies.



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