In enhancing access and equity in primary education, Bangladesh has made remarkable progress. The areas of success are universal access, gender parity in classrooms and reasonably high levels of completion.
The most major setback for children in primary schools is quality of education, which leads to low-learning outcomes and eventually, dropouts.
Under qualified teachers, inadequate infrastructure, poor nutrition and food security all affect learning. Many schools are overcrowded, and over 80 per cent run double shifts. Teacher supervision, monitoring and accountability lack strength.
Only one in four children in fifth grade have required skills in mathematics and Bangla, according to the 2013 National Student Assessment.
In 2011, fewer than 1 in 2 boys and barely 1 in 3 girls who completed primary education were functionally literate.
But even though primary enrolment is at 98 per cent, only 67 per cent qualify for secondary education and even less, 22 per cent, reach higher secondary level.
The majority of dropouts tend to take place at fourth grade, the preparation stage for the examination to pass primary education at fifth grade, as per UNICEF findings.
Children who suffer in case of learning may not receive necessary prioritisation and support in classrooms as the system of education in Bangladesh continue to be heavily reliant on tests and rote learning.