Early childhood refers to crucial years of care and development.
The first eight years of a child’s life are defined by changes, both physical and mental. The first three years are however most significant.
It is the time when a child’s brain is most flexible and experiences rapid growth. But brain development is sensitive to experience. A child exposed to neglect or violence will very likely suffer cognitive, behavioural or emotional difficulties.
But most parents in Bangladesh are unaware of this scientific fact, which forms the core of Early Childhood Care and Development or ECCD. The approach is equipped to provide children, parents are caregivers the mandatory elements of development - early nutrition, stimulation, protection and learning.
In Bangladesh, most parents have limited knowledge on child care and rearing. Young children are deprived of proper care while their parents are at work.
Even though parents care greatly for their children’s academic success, most are unaware that absence of stimulation and safety significantly reduces a child’s classroom potential.
The scale of violation suffered by Bangladeshi children is alarming. Three in four children experienced psychological aggression, while two in three experienced physical punishment. Children are at most risk in slums, remote rural regions and in disadvantaged minority communities, where there is limited access to basic services.