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Education for Out of School Children (OoSC)

As of 2006 Bangladesh was home to approximately:

  • 1.1 million out of school children of pre-primary school age (5 years)
  • 2.6 million out of school children of primary school age (6-10 years)
  • 3.0 million out of school children of junior secondary school age (11-13 years) 

Parents and guardians have indicated that they hesitate to send their children to school mainly due to financial limitations. In response, UNICEF has worked with the Government of Bangladesh to enact various initiatives to address the issue of financial constraints of families with children of primary school age.

Because many families rely on the income of their children to survive, UNICEF’s project for working children focuses on non-formal education that fits in around children’s regular work schedules. Education is the first step in breaking the cycle of unskilled-employment and child labour.

Basic Education for Hard to Reach Urban Working Children
To help provide better access to education for marginalized children UNICEF has supported the Government of Bangladesh to implement the Basic Education for Hard to Reach Urban Working Children (BEHTRUWC) project. Children between the ages of 10 and 14 not attending any other educational institution are encouraged to enroll.

Children spend two and a half hours a day, six days a week, for forty months undertaking the basic education programme. The school day is shortened so children can continue to work outside of class hours, employing the "earn-and-learn" approach. This ensures that children continue to support their families while fulfilling their right to an education. This reduces the threat of being withdrawn from the learning centre by families. After completing the programme the children attain the equivalent of grade five in Bangla and social science and grade three in mathematics. They also learn basic English.

Livelihood Skills Training (LST)
The BEHTRUWC Project also includes a Livelihood Skills Training (LST) component for students who complete the basic education course. The LST is based around the following elements:

  • Selected basic education graduates aged 14 years complete competency based livelihood skills training through four different implementation modalities;
  • 60 per cent of the learners are girls and unmarried;
  • The skills training course is for six months three  hours a day and six days a week;
  • Learners receive US$0.65 per day as cash incentive for travel and tiffin cost during the training period as a compensation to their indirect and opportunity cost;
  • Learners after successful completion of the skills training course receive US$2077.66 as seed money either to start small business or self-employment or to undertake advanced training course;
  • At the end of the course learners receive a Certificate along with the Competency Skills Log Book as evidence of their learning achievement;    
  • Engagement of experienced training agencies that provide education for the  selected children in required trades.

Second chance Education (SCE)
The Bureau of Non Formal Education (BNFE) under the Ministry of Primary and Mass Education (MoPME) is responsible for non-formal education programme implementation through government and non-government agencies. NFE programmes include parenting, early childhood care and education, pre-primary, non-formal primary education, adolescent education, adult literacy, post-literacy, vocational education, equivalency education, and quality of life improvement.

Download factsheet:

Download UNICEF OoSC Report (DRAFT, 2012)



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