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Local and International Agency/Institutions on Situation Analysis of Street Children in Azerbaijan

1. Program information:                            

Program (No. & Name) :Social and Economic Policy Analysis and Situation Monitoring
Project   (No. & Name)    : 39-YY-201-21
Activity Reference    : 39-YY-201-21-006

2. Background and Context:  (Attach background documents, if necessary)

Street children are defined as those children who have not lost contact with their family or residential care institution, but who spend most of their time in the street. They are found mainly in the capital city of Baku, where there are more opportunities for informal earnings. Street children are more likely to miss out on school education, and to be more vulnerable to abuse. Both state and non-governmental organizations have been active in trying to help these children, however, interventions are not always effective due to lack of information on the numbers, and reasons for living on the streets.  A recent survey of 208 street children in Baku carried out by the State Statistical Committee with support form SIDA provides represents a contribution towards filling this gap . More than half of the children had arrived to Baku from other towns and regions of the country or aboard. 56% of boys and 12 percent of girls were Baku born, while 42 and 84 percent came from other regions of the country. It is necessary to note that from the total number of children never going to school, 77% could read and write. In total number of interviewed street children, the percentage of children who could not read and write was only 4%. 

Most gave poverty as the reason for not attending school. All children were doing some form of paid work. 25 per cent earned money by washing cars and another 35 percent by begging. Other activities included scavenging, gathering bottles etc.  More than 50 percent worked 7-8 hours per day, 33 percent worked 5-6 hours, and 14 percent worked 9-10 hours. Most started working at 10-11 years.  Most boys claimed that they worked in order to help support their family, but some were forced to work by their parents or relatives, and approximately 25 percent worked for family or relatives. 44 percent of the girls reported that they were forced to work. Most reported that the work was hard for them, that they did not feel healthy, and reported not having enough food to eat. About 60 percent reported that they had been beaten during work.

Poverty and lack of support for families under stress appear to be the main causes of children living on the streets. Dropping out from school at an earlier age increases the likelihood that these children will remain in poverty as adults and lack of a protective family environment increases their vulnerability to exploitation and risk-taking behavior.

The CRC affirms the “right of the child to be protected form economic exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous or to interfere with the child’s education, or to be harmful to the child’s health or physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development” (article 32). UNICEF together with the State Committee wanted to conducted qualitative research on the main causes of the children being on the street. However, during the discussion it was made clear that the actual number of the street children in Azerbaijan is not clear. Therefore, the decision is made to conduct a situation analysis of street children in Azerbaijan.

Street Children: Street Children refers to those children aged 5- 17 years who are living (i.e. sleeping, eating and working) on the street of a particular city or district. These children are floating in nature and they may live in one place for sometime and then move to other places. They are detached from their family or parents. They usually sleep at night on the roadside, metro stations, bus stations, park, and abandoned houses and public places. These distressed children are primarily seen in Baku. In this study, street children will not include those children who live with their parents/ family on the roadside/ pavements, or in a slum.

3.  Purpose of the assignment

The main objective of the situation analysis for the street children in Azerbaijan is to establish accurate and verifiable data set for the street children of Azerbaijan.

4. Duty station:  Selected districts of Azerbaijan

5. Supervisor:  The work will be supervised by UNICEF Planning Monitoring and Evaluation Officer. The consultancy report will be submitted to UNICEF Representative.

6. Major tasks to be accomplished:
The agency will be responsible for;

• The estimate number of street children in Azerbaijan as a whole and by region,
• The incidence and the distribution of the street children, by age, gender, socio-economic variables, by type of activity and also by number of activities;
• The degree of hazardousness for each type of street children;
• The working conditions of the street children;
• Working hours, sleeping hours, time spent in other activities including recreation if any;
• Health status of the street children;
• Access to educational, health, social, recreational facilities;
• Their thinking about their own future.

The respective organization is required to develop an innovative and effective quantitative and qualitative research methodology to carry out the research study. The organization is also required to propose specific tools for data collection, data entry and processing, and data analysis (including an analytic mechanism either manual or computerized). The respective organization should propose software for data entry, data validation, cross-checking, tabulation and analysis, if they wish to use any.

7.          Deliverables:
1. Proposed evaluation methodology including sample design
2. Training of field staff and pre-testing of the questionnaire
3. Field work and data collection
4. Final report in e version, including Executive Summary in UNICEF format, introduction, methodology, results, discussion and conclusion; and recommendations for follow-up actions

8. Time-Frame: 40 days spread over 1st August– 30 September 2010 (tentatively)
• 10 days for questionnaire design, training and pre-testing
• 2 days of sampling
• 15 days fieldwork
• 10 days Analysis and preparing the draft report
• 3 days preparing and finalization of the report

9.        Qualifications or specialized knowledge/experience required:
The organization or consortium should submit the proposal, which includes:
1. Delineation of methodology specifying the tools to be used for data collection
2. sampling outline with justification
3. Detailed team composition with responsibilities, work plan and time frame (profile of key professionals who are to be involved with and their percentage of time to be allocated against each of them to impart activities).
4. Description of pervious experience in similar studies
5. Organizational capacity including staffing pattern, equipment and other logistic support

For further clarification on the project, kindly contact Ms. Hossai Wardak, Planning Monitoring and Evaluation Officer, at  

10.      Estimated cost :
The total cost of the assessment is  11,000 AZN to be paid in two installments:
30% upon completion signing of contract
70% upon the completion of the final report

11. Procedures and logistics:
All additional costs, if applicable, will be covered based on UNICEF standards. UNICEF does not provide or arrange health insurance coverage for consultants.

Submission Deadline: 16:00, 10 August 2010. Proposals submitted after the closing date
will not be considered.



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