03 August 2022

Myths and Facts about COVID-19 Vaccines

Accurate vaccine information is critical and can help stop common myths and rumors. But sometimes it can be difficult to know which sources of information you can trust. Below are myths and facts about COVID-19 vaccination which can help clarify things. More about COVID-19 vaccines ., MYTH: The ingredients in COVID-19 vaccines are dangerous., FACT: Nearly all the ingredients in COVID-19 vaccines are also ingredients in many foods – fats, sugars, and salts. Exact vaccine ingredients vary by manufacturer. Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines also contain messenger RNA (mRNA) and the Johnson & Johnson/Janssen COVID-19 vaccine contains a harmless version of a virus unrelated…, MYTH: The natural immunity I get from being sick with COVID-19 is better than the immunity I get from COVID-19 vaccination., FACT: Getting a COVID-19 vaccination is a safer and more dependable way to build immunity to COVID-19 than getting sick with COVID-19. COVID-19 vaccination causes a more predictable immune response than infection with the virus that causes COVID-19. Getting a COVID-19 vaccine gives most people a high level of protection against COVID-19 and can…, MYTH: COVID-19 vaccines cause variants., FACT: COVID-19 vaccines do not create or cause variants of the virus that causes COVID-19. Instead, COVID-19 vaccines can help prevent new variants from emerging. New variants of a virus happen because the virus that causes COVID-19 constantly changes through a natural ongoing process of mutation (change). As the virus spreads, it has more…, MYTH: All adverse events reported are caused by vaccination., FACT: Adverse events can be reported even if it is not clear whether a vaccine caused the problem. Because of this, report data alone cannot determine if the reported adverse event was caused by a COVID-19 vaccination. Some reports may contain information that is incomplete, inaccurate, coincidental, or unverifiable. Vaccine safety experts study…, MYTH: The mRNA vaccine is not considered a vaccine., FACT: mRNA vaccines, such as Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna, work differently than other types of vaccines, but they still trigger an immune response inside your body. This type of vaccine is new, but research and development on it has been underway for decades. The mRNA vaccines do not contain any live virus. Instead, they work by teaching our cells…, MYTH: COVID-19 vaccines contain microchips., FACT: COVID-19 vaccines do not contain microchips. Vaccines are developed to fight against disease and are not administered to track your movement. Vaccines work by stimulating your immune system to produce antibodies, exactly like it would if you were exposed to the disease. After getting vaccinated, you develop immunity to that disease, without…, MYTH: Receiving a COVID-19 vaccine can make you magnetic., FACT: Receiving a COVID-19 vaccine will not make you magnetic, including at the site of vaccination which is usually your arm. COVID-19 vaccines do not contain ingredients that can produce an electromagnetic field at the site of your injection., MYTH: COVID-19 vaccines can alter my DNA., FACT: COVID-19 vaccines do not change or interact with your DNA in any way. Both messenger RNA (mRNA) and viral vector COVID-19 vaccines work by delivering instructions (genetic material) to our cells to start building protection against the virus that causes COVID-19. After the body produces an immune response, it discards all the vaccine…
06 June 2022

Managing the long-term effects of the pandemic on your child's mental health

Key Takeaways Children have missed out on normal developmental opportunities throughout the pandemic. Their social skills are out of practice, and parents may need to provide children with more coaching and explicit instruction than they have had to in the past. Feeling upset by the pandemic is a natural response for children to have.  Two key…, In what ways has the pandemic impacted children’s development?, The universal experience for children in the pandemic has been missing normal developmental opportunities. So much of what helps young people grow and learn comes from enjoying the company of a wide range of caring adults, spending time with a variety of peers and getting to engage in new and interesting experiences. Whatever else children and…, How have children’s social skills been affected by the pandemic?, In terms of social skills, kids are out of practice. Part of how they learn how to get along with others is by spending time with people, making friends, and also by being with people they wouldn't necessarily choose to be around. It's with practice that children and adults get better at doing all of those things. So we are definitely seeing signs…, How have you seen the pandemic impacting children’s mental health?, Without question, the pandemic has caused tremendous distress for children and their families. Children are very sad, very anxious or even very angry about all they've been through. What we're likely to see in the immediate term are children who are just a bit more emotionally fragile than they would be normally. We can help children with that by…, What can a parent do if they are concerned about their child’s reaction to difficult feelings?, I think the first thing that you always want to do is to validate that they are suffering: “Your feelings make sense. You're having the right feeling at the right time. This has been an incredibly difficult period historically, and you've lived through it.” The second step is to make the distinction between the feeling being the problem and the…, Are there any long-term mental health effects you anticipate seeing in children coming out of this pandemic? What can parents do to mitigate them?, I think the outcomes we want to try to prevent are children who become extremely cautious as a result of the pandemic. Their lives were hemmed in by the pandemic and I wouldn't want to see children continue to lead highly constrained lives when that is no longer necessary, because it will deprive them of all of the variety that will help them to…, How can parents find support if they are feeling anxious about letting their children spread their wings?, I think we need to acknowledge that parents missed developmental steps too. Under normal conditions, our children branch out into the world gradually. For parents, that gradual process is part of what makes it more comfortable for us to encourage our children to exercise their independence. One thing I think a lot of parents are struggling with…
12 April 2022

COVID-19 vaccines and pregnancy

Pregnancy is a special time full of excitement and anticipation. It is also a time of enormous physical and emotional changes in women. In addition to it, the COVID-19 pandemic has clouded this time with fear, anxiety and uncertainty for pregnant women. Find answers to some of  the most frequently asked questions related to COVID-19 vaccination…, 1. Can pregnant women receive COVID-19 vaccines?, Yes. Pregnant women can receive COVID-19 vaccines. COV ID-19 vaccines offer strong protection against severe illness from COVID-19. COVID-19 during pregnancy puts them at higher risk of becoming severely ill and of giving birth to preterm babies. Increasing evidence on the safety and effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccination during pregnancy suggests…, 2. How does COVID-19 affect pregnant women and their babies?, Numerous studies indicate that pregnant women with COVID-19 are more likely to develop severe illness compared with nonpregnant women. This means that pregnant women with COVID-19 are more likely to require hospitalization, intensive care and invasive ventilation to help with breathing. In addition, compared with pregnant women without COVID-19,…, 3. Are COVID-19 vaccines during pregnancy effective?, COVID-19 vaccines have been found to be highly effective in preventing severe illness, hospitalization and death from COVID-19. Based on experience with other vaccines used during pregnancy, all of the WHO EUL-approved COVID-19 vaccines are expected to work as well in pregnant women as in nonpregnant people. Initial vaccine effectiveness studies…, 4. What is known about the safety of COVID-19 vaccines during pregnancy?, Although pregnant women were not included in the initial clinical trials of COVID-19 vaccines, evidence on the safety of COVID-19 vaccination during pregnancy has been expanding. Three types of evidence support the safety of COVID-19 vaccines during pregnancy: Monitoring of pregnant women who have received the vaccine In several countries where…, 5. Can women who are trying to become pregnant receive COVID-19 vaccines?, Yes. Getting vaccinated beforehand is an important way for women to protect themselves and their babies from COVID-19 during pregnancy. People who are trying to conceive can receive COVID-19 vaccines. A growing body of evidence has not identified any adverse effects of COVID-19 vaccines on fertility or the ability to become pregnant. In clinical…, 6. What do pregnant women and those planning to become pregnant need to know about COVID-19 vaccination?, Given the substantial risks from COVID-19 during pregnancy, it is critical to ensure pregnant women, and those planning to become pregnant, get vaccinated as soon as possible. This will help protect their health and that of their babies. If pregnant women are not already vaccinated, current evidence suggests that the benefits of COVID-19…
30 March 2022

The stages of severe COVID-19 and related care

The COVID-19 virus, along with all its variants, can affect the human body and people’s health in different ways. And although research on COVID-19 is ongoing, we know that the virus can lead to a severe infection of the lungs. To date, a total of 422,498 cases of COVID-19 have been confirmed in Armenia and 8,611 deaths. To learn more about how…, Viral pneumonia, “Pneumonia developed during COVID-19 is viral in its nature, and, unlike other types of pneumonia, is usually bilateral [affects both lungs]. Unilateral pneumonia is rare in COVID-19 patients. The virus can potentially attack lungs from various areas, increasing the probability for fast growth and inflammation, which leads to more severe cases of…, Hospitalization, Patients who develop pneumonia and have moderate or severe symptoms must receive inpatient treatment. "What do we mean by severe? When breathing becomes difficult or when a patient feels like they are lacking oxygen. Patients may complain that they do not have enough air—that they have difficulty breathing. A patient must be hospitalized if there’…, Intensive care, "A patient’s condition worsens when the infection spreads throughout the lung tissue and oxygen supplied through the nasal canula may not be enough for the patient. In this case, the patient would need to be treated with a breathing mask or bag valve mask, which provide greater flow of oxygen. These patients are usually assessed as being in…, From severe pneumonia to very severe pneumonia, Dr. Movsisyan notes that severe pneumonia can quickly turn into very severe pneumonia within hours. "For example, a patient undergoing oxygen therapy may have normal saturation rates in the first half of the day, but these rates may worsen throughout the day, indicating that the patient is experiencing acute respiratory failure," Dr. Movsisyan…