In 2016, UNICEF and partners plan for:
children under 5 years treated for SAM
children benefitted from psychosocial support
affected and extremely vulnerable people provided with humanitarian cash transfers
2016 Requirements: US$180,000,000
Total affected population: 21.2 million
Total affected children: 9.9 million
Total people to be reached in 2016: 7.5 million
Total children to be reached in 2016: 5.2 million
With the escalation of conflict in March 2015, Yemen is facing a major humanitarian crisis that is affecting 20 out of the 22 governorates. Continued air strikes, shelling and ground fighting have resulted in the destruction and damage of civilian infrastructure and the collapse of public services. Imports and supplies of food, fuel and medicines are insufficient. More than 21.2 million people (82 per cent of the population), including 9.9 million children, require some form of humanitarian assistance.1 An estimated 2.3 million people2 are now internally displaced, 14.1 million people are in need of access to basic health care, and 19.3 million people require access to safe, clean water. Child rights violations have increased dramatically and children are facing significant psychological stress. Some 3 million children under 5 years and pregnant or lactating women require services to treat or prevent acute malnutrition. An estimated 1.8 million children are out of school due to fighting and insecurity.3
2016 Programme Targets
- 770,000 children under 1 year vaccinated against measles (MCV1)4
- 5,039,936 children under 5 years vaccinated against polio
- 815,000 children under 5 years received primary health care
- 680,000 pregnant or lactating women received primary health care
- 5,186,000 affected people accessed improved water sources and sanitation services
- 100,000 affected people accessed water as per standards
- 500,000 affected people accessed the basic hygiene kit
- 178,600 children under 5 years treated for SAM
- 4 million children under 5 years received micronutrient interventions
- 279,716 children benefitted from psychosocial support
- 351,500 people reached with information on protecting themselves from mines/unexploded ordnance/explosive remnants of war
- 156,000 affected children regularly attended temporary learning spaces
- 360,000 conflict-affected children received school supplies to be integrated into education system
- 34,285* affected and extremely vulnerable people provided with humanitarian cash transfers * As a result of an error, the target for affected and extremely vulnerable people provided with humanitarian cash transfers has now been corrected to 34,285 persons.
UNICEF’s strategy will focus on delivering life-saving services and supplies for the most vulnerable children and their families, including integrated interventions in health, nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), education and protection. UNICEF will continue to work closely with local governments and partners to improve their capacities to respond to the ongoing crisis. Given the limited access to crumbling health services, UNICEF provides an integrated package of health and nutrition services to mothers, newborns and children using mobile teams and will establish preparedness measures to respond to potential outbreaks of childhood diseases. Treatment of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) will also be strengthened. UNICEF will provide a full WASH package to internally displaced persons (IDPs) and host communities and will ensure the continued operation of water systems, solid waste collection and sewage treatment services. The WASH strategy will focus on the restoration of lost service provision capacity, which has left rural water supply systems non-functional, as well as testing of renewable technologies to replace fuel shortages with alternative sources of energy. UNICEF will continue to improve access to and enrolment in safe learning environments, and will provide education supplies, teacher training and life-saving mine risk education. Psychosocial support will be promoted through child-friendly spaces. The existing child protection Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism will be supported and expanded, and psychosocial support will be bolstered at the community level. UNICEF will also provide unconditional humanitarian cash transfers to extremely vulnerable households. UNICEF has maintained or re-established a field office presence in Taiz/Ibb, Sa’ada, Aden, Hodeidah and Sana’a.
Results from 2015
The original humanitarian appeal steadily increased to meet growing humanitarian needs. As of 31 December 2015, UNICEF had received 79 per cent (US$143.9 million) of its total humanitarian funding requirements. Despite this, and due to an increasingly challenging operating environment, UNICEF and its partners were able to reach some 4.7 million children under 5 years with polio vaccination and immunize over 922,000 children under 1 year against 10 vaccine-preventable diseases. More than 236,000 women received maternal and newborn health services and over 350,000 children received care for childhood illnesses. UNICEF reached 3.7 million people with water through fuel-supported pumping and water trucking5. More than 4 million children under 5 years received micronutrient supplements, and more than 158,000 children under 5 years with SAM were enrolled in therapeutic care facilities. UNICEF reached over 469,000 people with information on child protection and mine risk awareness. Approximately 373,000 affected children benefitted from psychosocial support. A total of 1,074 identified cases of grave child rights violations were verified, monitored and documented. UNICEF provided more than 17,000 school-aged children with temporary learning spaces. Education and child protection remained critically underfunded sectors, which impacted effective programme delivery. Although social protection was also underfunded, UNICEF reached some 66,000 people with cash transfers.
In line with the inter-agency Humanitarian Response Plan, UNICEF is requesting US$180 million to meet the humanitarian needs of the most vulnerable children in 2016. Without additional funding at such a critical time in Yemen, when 20 out of 22 governorates continue to face a deepening humanitarian crisis, UNICEF and its partners will be unable to contribute to meeting the needs of Yemen’s children in a meaningful way. The specific cluster coordination requirements are embedded in each of the sectors.
1 Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan, June 2015.
2 Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Yemen Humanitarian Needs Overview, November 2015.
4 MCV1: Measles-containing vaccine first dose.
5 UNICEF reached 3.7 million people through water trucking and providing fuel to pump water.
6 OPV3: Three doses of oral poliomyelitis vaccine.
7 The original UNICEF target following the flash appeal was 2.4 million.
8 This is the figure for the number of children between 6 and 59 months provided with at least one measles dose since January 2015. More than 3.9 million children under 5 years were vaccinated against polio during the same period.
9 The original UNICEF target following the flash appeal was 384,000.
10 The original UNICEF target following the flash appeal was 2,953,852. This includes access to water via water trucking, piped water systems and short-term fuel for local water corporations.
11 The original UNICEF target following the flash appeal was 55,000 families. This includes only hygiene kits that meet agreed standards.
12 OTP: Outpatient Therapeutic Programme / TFC: Therapeutic Feeding Centre
13 The original UNICEF target following the flash appeal was 128,503. In the revised Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan, the cluster target for this result is 144,000, as time frame was from April to December 2015, while the target of 214,794 is from January to December 2015.
14 The original UNICEF target following the flash appeal was the same (1,198,059). The cluster target for this result in the revised Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan is 913,652, as the time frame was from April to December 2015, while the target of 1.6 million is from January to December 2015. Vitamin A was given out alongside the polio vaccine during the campaign, as well as through outreach work, but reports have only just been received.
15 This indicator describes the number of children verified who were affected by grave child rights violations following the escalation of conflict beginning 26 March 2015.
16 The original UNICEF target following the flash appeal was 320,000. This includes psychosocial support received through mobile and static child-friendly spaces.
17 The cluster target for this result in the revised Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan is 360,000, as the time frame was from April to December 2015, while the target of 500,000 is from January to December 2015.
18 Revised indicator. The original UNICEF target following the flash appeal was 66,465.
19 Conflict-affected and other vulnerable out-of-school children.