In 2019, UNICEF and partners plan for:
people benefiting from repairs/maintenance/replacement of the pipes/tanks/pumps of existing centralized piped water supply systems
boys, girls and caregivers reached with psychosocial support
boys and girls benefiting from educational and early child development supplies and rehabilitated inclusive schools and kindergartens
2019 requirements: US$21,067,799
Ceasefire violations in the 20-kilometer zone along both sides of the contact line and in non-government controlled areas of Ukraine are affecting the lives of 500,000 children who remain in need of humanitarian assistance and protection.1 The repeated shelling of critical water, sanitation, electrical and heating infrastructure is threatening access to safe drinking water for 3.2 million people in Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts.2 Access to safe learning is also imperiled, with an estimated 13 educational facilities damaged by shelling between January and November.3 For children living along the contact line, mines and explosive remnants of war are threatening their safety and leading to trauma and emotional distress. Affected children and families urgently require psychosocial support and protection services, including for gender-based violence and violence against children. Access to quality basic health care remains challenging, including for children, young girls and mothers, particularly those living with HIV, not only due to conflict, but also given low pre-conflict immunization rates and low levels of awareness of appropriate infant and young child feeding practices. Considering the limited progress of peace negotiations, the situation is likely to remain unstable beyond 2019 with risks of expanded hostilities, particularly along the contact line.
2019 programme targets
- 2,000 pregnant and lactating women reached with infant and young child feeding counselling
- 24,800 mothers and children under 5 years benefiting from direct health service provision
- 70 health facilities supported with the provision of medical supplies and equipment
- 80 per cent immunization coverage of diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, measles, mumps, rubella and polio vaccines9
- 925,000 people benefiting from repairs/maintenance/replacement of the pipes/tanks/pumps of existing centralized piped water supply systems
- 127,500 people reached with hygiene promotion messages
- 73,000 people in social institutions benefiting from direct improvements to the reliable provision of sufficient water of adequate quality10
- 50,000 boys, girls and caregivers reached with psychosocial support11
- 10,000 community professionals with enhanced capacity on child protection risks and vulnerabilities
- 110,000 children and their families receiving mine risk education12
- 23,500 boys and girls benefiting from educational and early child development supplies and rehabilitated inclusive schools and kindergartens
- 10,500 children benefiting from conflict-sensitive and life-skills-based education delivered by trained teachers
HIV and AIDS
- 95 per cent of pregnant women tested for HIV
- 200 HIV-positive children provided with continuous care and support services
For 2019 and 2020, UNICEF’s overarching strategy in Ukraine will focus on protecting children and progressively realizing child rights on both sides of the contact line. Responding to the urgent needs of 234,000 children and their families, UNICEF will continue to strengthen social services for child protection, health, education and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). The capacities of local stakeholders and civil society will be enhanced, and preparedness and accountability to affected populations will be strengthened. UNICEF will improve access to quality, inclusive, age- and gender-sensitive social services for children and families to reduce their vulnerabilities and increase their resilience to protection-related risks. UNICEF will work with humanitarian partners to target those closest to the contact line, while also strengthening family and community-based systems to support those impacted by the conflict. This bridging of humanitarian action and development programming will be central to UNICEF’s approach. UNICEF will continue to support an e-voucher system for vulnerable populations along the contact line, while expanding community-based psychosocial support services for children. Leading the WASH and education clusters and the child protection sub-cluster, UNICEF will continue to advocate with parties to the conflict to comply with International Humanitarian Law and child rights standards.
Results from 2018
As of 31 October 2018 UNICEF had US$10.7 million available against the US$23.6 million appeal (45 per cent funded).4 In 2018, UNICEF and partners reached nearly 1.45 million children and caregivers with health, WASH, protection and education services. The provision of water treatment chemicals and pipes to centralized water companies facilitated uninterrupted access to safe drinking water for 1.37 million people. Nearly 67,000 children, women and persons with disabilities along the contact line benefited from hygiene promotion activities and the distribution of hygiene kits. After a comprehensive assessment of structures and services, UNICEF completed the rehabilitation of 12 education facilities in areas around the contact line, ensuring safer learning environments for over 26,000 children and reaching over 85,000 children and educators with life-skills education. Immediate psychosocial support services reached nearly 37,000 children, youth and caregivers, and more than 613,000 children and their families received mine risk education. HIV-related services, including uninterrupted antiretroviral treatment, reached over 12,000 people; and over 26,000 people, including pregnant women, received HIV counselling and testing. To ensure quality maternal health services for 20,000 pregnant women and newborn children, 861 midwifery kits were delivered to hospitals in Luhansk and Donetsk oblasts.
In line with the 2019 HRP, UNICEF is seeking US$21.1 million to respond to the needs of conflicted-affected children and families residing within 20 kilometers of both sides of the contact line and non-government controlled areas. Funding will enable UNICEF to fulfill the core commitments for children in humanitarian action, including access to education, psychosocial support, WASH, mine risk education, maternal and child health and HIV and AIDS services. Humanitarian initiatives will be complemented by broader development work to strengthen national capacities. For 2020, UNICEF and partners will monitor how the protracted emergency evolves and adjust funding requirements accordingly.
1 While the 2019 HRP estimates that 700,000 children living in conflict-affected areas are in need, only 500,000 children in need live in the 20-kilometre zone on both sides of the contact line and in non-government controlled areas. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, ‘Ukraine: 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan’ (draft), OCHA, 2018. The HRP document was not finalized/published at the time of writing this appeal. The appeal will be updated to be aligned with the published HRP, once finalized.
2 This is the WASH target from ‘Ukraine: 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan’ (draft).
3 Information provided by the education cluster, November 2018.
4 Available funds include US$7.5 million received against the current appeal and US$3.1 million carried forward from the previous year.
5 While the 2019 HRP estimates that 3.5 million people living in conflict-affected areas are in need, only 3 million people in need live in the 20-kilometre zone on both sides of the contact line and in non-government controlled areas.
6 While the 2019 HRP estimates that 700,000 children living in conflict-affected areas are in need, only 500,000 children in need live in the 20-kilometre zone on both sides of the contact line and in non-government controlled areas.
7 This figure corresponds to the highest number of targeted people by the WASH sector in non-government controlled areas and within the 20-kilometre zone on both sides of the contact line.
8 This figure corresponds to the highest number of targeted children by the WASH and child protection sectors in non-government controlled areas and within the 20-kilometer zone on both sides of the contact line. A portion of the balance of children in need is expected to be addressed through complementary interventions from other humanitarian actors including government, civil society and other local actors. However, limited access and data constraints hinder a full analysis of the gaps.
9 Anecdotal data evidence show coverage of below 40 per cent for diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus vaccine. Under such circumstances, and in the absence of a baseline figure, it is difficult to set an aspirational figure of 95 per cent, which is the aim for the national level.
10 This includes 5,496 girls, 4,722 boys, 33,776 women and 29,004 men.
11 Targets are reduced compared to 2018 based on expected recovery funding to address the psychosocial support and protection needs of adolescents and youth, including case management and the establishment and strengthening of social services through family support and community-based services.
12 UNICEF will concentrate 2019 interventions on higher-risk populations residing within 20 kilometres of both sides of the contact line.