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Map of Sudan
UNICEF photo: three mothers hold their babies on their laps © UNICEF-SUD2016-Sari Omer Sortoni camp for internally displaced persons, August 2016. Three happy mothers express gratitude to UNICEF for providing ready-to-use therapeutic food to treat their children for severe acute malnutrition

Sudan

In 2017, UNICEF and partners plan for:
1,000,000

conflict-affected people to access primary health care services

483,000

children immunized against measles

345,000

children provided with education-in-emergencies supplies and recreational materials

2017 Requirements: US$96,544,326

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Snapshot

Total people in need: 4.8 million1
Total children (<18) in need: 2.3 milliom (1.1 million girls, 1.2 millions boys)2

Total people to be reached in 2017: 4.06 million3
Total children to be reached in 2017: 2.15 million4

Armed conflicts, natural disasters, epidemics and economic underdevelopment have been negatively impacting children’s lives and their opportunity to reach their full potential. In addition to the current protracted crisis, Sudan faces three evolving emergencies related to the influx of South Sudanese Refugees, Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) outbreak and the high rates of malnutrition in Jebel Marra in 2017. Across the country, 2.2 million Sudanese children under 5 are acutely malnourished and 573,000 of these children are severely malnourished.5 Malnutrition and food insecurity are exacerbated by conflict-related displacements, floods and droughts. Continued tribal clashes in Central Darfur have led to over 4,000 newly displaced persons in May 2017. Among these are 2,400 children, many of whom have been separated from their families and affected by violence. As a result of renewed conflict and high levels of food insecurity in South Sudan, an increasing number of refugees are seeking protection in Sudan, which is overstretching already limited host community capacities. By end of May, nearly 152,000 South Sudanese refugees including around 100,000 children have arrived to Sudan since the beginning of 2017. Arrival of 180,000 refugees in total is anticipated by the end of the year, a threefold increase from the estimation made at the start of the year.6

Humanitarian strategy

2017 programme targets [8]

Child protection

  • 157,397 children to receive psychosocial support
  • 2,700 separated and unaccompanied children to receive long-term alternative care arrangements

Education

  • 150,000 school-aged children to access safe learning spaces
  • 345,000 children provided with education-in-emergencies supplies and recreational materials

Heath9

  • 483,000children immunized against measles10
  • 1,000,000 conflict-affected people to access primary health care services

Nutrition

  • 250,000 children under 5 with SAM admitted for treatment11
  • 423,615 caregivers to receive infant and young child feeding counselling

WASH

  • 290,000 affected people with access to improved drinking water
  • 270,000 affected people with access to safe means of excreta disposal
  • 780,000 affected people reached with hygiene messages and sensitization activities

In line with the Sudan Multi-Year Humanitarian Strategy 2017-2019, and the associated Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2017, UNICEF continues to support children affected by conflict, floods, drought and epidemics in a context of chronic underdevelopment, particularly in hard-to-reach areas where children’s needs are most acute. The current priority areas are: (a) the response to Acute Watery Diarrhoea outbreak with case fatality ratio (1.9 per cent by May 2017)7 almost doubling the WHO standard; (b) severe malnutrition in the Jebel Marra area; and (c) the influx of South Sudanese refugees of which an estimated 65 per cent are children. UNICEF and partners will continue to deliver an integrated response, including scaling up interventions in conflict-affected areas for internally displaced and refugee populations, and working with national and state governments to strengthen systems. In February and March 2017, UNICEF has been allowed access to a few hard-to-reach areas in Blue Nile, West Kordofan and Jebel Marra. UNICEF will continue to advocate to reach more children in these areas as well as the Nuba Mountains, which have been partly inaccessible since 2011. This will involve close coordination with the Government and other partners. UNICEF is the sector lead for education, nutrition and WASH and sub-cluster lead for the child protection.

Results from 2016

As of June 2017, UNICEF has received US$32.2 million against the revised US$96 million appeal (33 percent funded).12 There remains a significant funding shortfall to meet existing and emerging needs of affected populations. However, with the available resources, UNICEF and partners, in collaboration with the Government of Sudan, have been supporting the response of the three evolving emergencies. Hygiene messages and sensitisation activities have reached 1,246,859 emergency affected people. This achievement is mainly attributed to efforts around the Acute Watery Diarrhoea response. In addition, all 2,130 unaccompanied and separated internally displaced and refugee children13 who were identified, were reunified with their families or placed in alternative care arrangements. Continuous achievements have been made in protecting children in armed conflict. The Government of Sudan and the United Nations agreed at the end of March to extend the Action Plan to prevent the recruitment and use of children, originally signed in March 2016, for a period of six months. Since early 2017, some 68,763 children aged 6 to 59 months with SAM were admitted for treatment. Only 3 per cent of the target for school-aged children accessing safe learning spaces was met by June. However, the number of children who access safe learning is expected to increase in the coming months. Education remains a crucial lifesaving intervention in the short to medium term response to the current emergencies, by providing stability and a protective environment for children.

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Funding requirements

UNICEF is revising its humanitarian requirements from US$110,247,169 to US$96,544,326 (including US$ 21,787,065 for refugee response) to meet the humanitarian needs of the most vulnerable children in 2017. The 11 per cent reduction of the appeal is a result of the reduced targeted population in the 2016 HRP14 which is a result of strict prioritization based on vulnerability rather than status. Additionally, efforts in reducing procurement costs have further contributed to a reduction in the appeal amount.

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1 2017 Sudan Humanitarian Needs Overview
2 Comprised of 1.1 million girls and 1.2 million boys. 2017 Sudan Humanitarian Needs Overview.
3 2017 Sudan Humanitarian Needs Overview
4 Children to be reached are as per Sudan Humanitarian Needs Overview (53% children of 4.6 million to be reached).
5 2017 Sudan Humanitarian Needs Overview
6 United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, South Sudan information sharing portal, until 31 May
7 Humanitarian Bulletin OCHA Sudan Issue 13 | 22 May – 4 June 2017
8 The targets include the target number of refugees which was not included previously, except Health targets. This is because refugee targets are included in Sudanese Humanitarian Response Plan from 2017 due to the high influx of South Sudanese refugees.
9 The two mentioned targets on health do not include refugees target numbers because UNICEF prioritizes different indictors as the focus of the refugee response based on their needs.
10 The target is calculated from 90% of the children under one year in targeted state
11 UNICEF is targeting 250,000 non-refugee children under 5 with SAM for treatment and 8,483 refugees in 2017. To ensure consistency with the Annual Working Plan 2017 between the Government of Sudan and UNICEF, the target of 250,000 was retained in this HAC revision.
12 Available funds included US$22.15million received against the current appeal year and US$10.03million carried forward from the previous year.
13 The number of unaccompanied and separated children increase due to the increase in South Sudanese refugees.
14 The target population was 4.6 million in 2016. The previous appeal was calculated based on the target population.