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Map of the State of Palestine
UNICEF photo: a girl writes on a classroom chalk board © UNICEF/2017/Eyadal-Baba A Palestinian girl in a classroom in the Gaza Strip, where two thirds of schools are operating on double shifts.

State of Palestine*

In 2018, UNICEF and partners plan for:
250,000

children benefitted from emergency health care supplies, including micronutrient supplementation

155,521

people provided with improved access to safe water

51,686

children provided with access to child protection services, including psychosocial support

39,000

school-aged children in Gaza, including adolescents, received essential school supplies

2018 Requirements: US$25,805,400

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Snapshot

Total people in need: 2.5 million
Total children (<18) in need: 1.1 million

Total people to be reached in 2018: 729,000
Total children to be reached in 2018: 652,000

Children and families in the State of Palestine are exposed to conflict, violence and displacement, as well as the denial of access to livelihoods and basic services, including safe drinking water, adequate sanitation and health care. Across the State of Palestine, an estimated one in every two Palestinians—approximately 2.5 million people—will require humanitarian assistance in 2018.1 Child protection concerns are widespread and children face high levels of violence, are victims of grave violations of their rights, and suffer from poverty and lack of opportunities. Over the past 10 years, the situation in Gaza has been exacerbated by the Gaza closure and three major escalations in hostilities. In 2017, daily power outages lasting for up to 20 hours devastated public infrastructure and disrupted the delivery of basic services. The signing of the Palestinian reconciliation agreement between the West Bank and Gaza in October 2017 has not yet yielded improvements for children. In the West Bank, children’s access to services and opportunities are limited by territorial fragmentation, the separation wall and movement restrictions. Children in certain areas in the West Bank, including Area C and East Jerusalem, are experiencing home demolitions, forced evictions and detentions.

Humanitarian strategy

2018 programme targets

Health and nutrition

  • 250,000 children benefitted from emergency health care supplies, including micronutrient supplementation
  • 10,000 newborns and their mothers provided with life-saving health care services

WASH

  • 155,521 people provided with improved access to safe water
  • 36,794 people provided with adequate sanitation and hygiene
  • 35,933 children provided access to WASH facilities in their schools, including hygiene awareness and menstrual hygiene management
  • 400,000 people benefitted from preparedness activities against the risks of floods

Child protection

  • 51,686 children provided with access to child protection services, including psychosocial support
  • 56,596 people with access to information on unexploded ordnance

Education

  • 39,000 school-aged children in Gaza, including adolescents, received essential school supplies
  • 5,000 school-aged children in Gaza, including adolescents, benefitted from catch-up classes
  • 8,100 school-aged children in the West Bank accessing schools through protective accompaniment
  • 5,000 adolescents benefitted from lifeskills building and emergency preparedness training

UNICEF and partners will continue to foster synergy between humanitarian and development assistance in the State of Palestine, while emphasizing emergency preparedness. UNICEF will support neonatal emergency health care, postnatal care, and early childhood development, focusing on children with developmental delays and disabilities. Given the deterioration in the water and sanitation situation and the ongoing energy crisis, UNICEF will provide safe drinking water through solar power, water tank rehabilitation and network upgrades. Households will be supported with drinking water taps, latrines, sewage connections and hygiene promotion activities. UNICEF will also support flood mitigation activities in high-risk areas. Strengthening child protection systems will remain a priority, including through case management and referrals, psychosocial support, legal aid and counseling, focusing on adolescents and addressing negative coping mechanisms. Monitoring and reporting on grave child rights violations will inform evidence-based advocacy for improved child protection. UNICEF will support children crossing checkpoints in the West Bank with protective accompaniment to ensure safer access to schools. Children will also benefit from educational supplies and remedial learning, as well as emergency preparedness activities targeting adolescents. UNICEF will continue its coordination role in the areas of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), education and child protection.

Results from 2017

As of 31 October 2017, UNICEF had US$11.8 million available against the US$24.5 million appeal (48 per cent funded).2 Over the course of the year, UNICEF supported quality paediatric, neonatal and maternal health services through the provision of essential drugs and home-based counselling to mothers. Despite limited funding, UNICEF and partners improved access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation for vulnerable households through the rehabilitation of water and sanitation structures. West Bank communities suffering from water scarcity benefitted from water tanks provided by UNICEF. In response to the electricity crisis in Gaza, UNICEF repaired WASH facilities and their associated generators and installed solar panels. The distribution of hygiene kits through e-vouchers is currently underway, as is water disinfection. Though limited funding challenged achievement of the targets, UNICEF provided child protection services, psychosocial support and case management support, including for gender-based violence, through 20 family centres in Gaza. More than 5,900 adolescents participated in life-skills and stress-relief activities, and more than 8,500 children and teachers in Area C of the West Bank received protective accompaniment. UNICEF cooperated with partners to assess the needs of vulnerable children, monitor grave violations of children's rights, and use the resulting evidence to inform advocacy.

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Funding requirements

In line with the country’s inter-agency 2018 Humanitarian Response Plan, UNICEF is requesting US$25,805,4003 to meet the humanitarian needs of children in the State of Palestine in 2018. Without this funding, UNICEF will be unable to support affected communities with critical health and WASH services. Funding is also urgently needed to ensure that children and caregivers in highly vulnerable areas have access to education and protection services.

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*'State of Palestine’ was designated for use in all official United Nations documents as of 19 December 2012. It reflects General Assembly resolution 67/19.

1 All figures provided in this appeal are based on the draft 2018 Humanitarian Response Plan/Humanitarian Needs Overview documents for the State of Palestine, which was published in December 2017. The number of people in need of safe water was 1.46 million according to the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan for the State of Palestine.
2 Available funds include US$7.9 million raised against the current appeal and US$3.9 million carried forward from the previous year.
3 The funding request is aligned with the draft State of Palestine Humanitarian Response Plan for 2018 for all sectors, except for the additional funds requested for health.