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Map of Somalia
UNICEF photo: a mother, carrying a child on her back, walking in an arid landscape © UNICEF Somalia/2016/Rich A mother and child walk past the remains of a dead goat in drought-affected Puntland.

Somalia

In 2017, UNICEF and partners plan for:
750,000

people provided with temporary access to safe water (7.5–15 litres per person per day)

600,000

people provided with means to access appropriate hygiene practices through hygiene kits

400,000

children and women provided with access to emergency health care services

2017 Requirements: US$66,130,000

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Snapshot

Total people in need: 5 million
Total children (<18) in need: 3 million

Total people to be reached in 2017: 3.9 million1
Total children to be reached in 2017: 1 million

Somalia remains in a state of chronic humanitarian crisis, with the number of children under five acutely malnourished projected to rise to 850,000 during the course of 2017, with 150,000 of these children suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM).2 Five million people, or 40 per cent of the population, is food insecure. There are 3.2 million people in need of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services and 3 million children remain out of school.3 More than 1 million people are internally displaced and more than 30,000 refugees have returned from Dadaab refugee camp in Kenya. Fighting in Gaalkacyo, Lower Shabelle region and the withdrawal of Ethiopian troops from Bakool, Hiraan and Galgaduud has generated instability and displaced nearly 150,000 people. Drought continues to prevail in Puntland and parts of Somaliland as well as in southern Somalia. Malnutrition rates remain above emergency thresholds in internally displaced persons sites and Somalia is plagued by disease outbreaks, including measles and acute watery diarrhoea (AWD)/cholera. Without urgent assistance, the drought could lead to a considerable deterioration in children’s wellbeing, with a likely sharp rise in the caseload of children requiring urgent treatment for malnutrition.

Humanitarian strategy

2017 programme targets

Nutrition

  • 112,500 children aged 6 to 59 months affected by SAM admitted for treatment5

Health

  • 200,000 children under 5 vaccinated against measles
  • 400,000 children and women provided with access to emergency health care services

WASH

  • 750,000 people provided with temporary access to safe water (7.5–15 litres per person per day)
  • 600,000 people provided with means to access appropriate hygiene practices through hygiene kits

Child protection

  • 2,460 children released from armed forces provided with reintegration support
  • 3,160 survivors of GBV provided with appropriate support (medical, legal, psychosocial support and materials)

Cash transfers

  • 15,000 emergency-affected households provided with monthly cash transfers to support access to basic services

In line with the 2016–2018 Somalia inter-agency humanitarian strategy, UNICEF will continue to support populations affected by crises. This will include life-saving assistance; prevention and response to disease outbreaks; an integrated response to malnutrition; provision of protective environments; and access to education. UNICEF Somalia has developed a more focused response for 2017, looking at the core humanitarian interventions to be implemented. The 2017–2019 National Development Plan will reflect all resilience programmes; hence the reduction in 2017 humanitarian requirements despite higher needs. UNICEF will continue to strengthen its strategic partnership with the World Food Programme (WFP) to address the deteriorating food security and nutrition situation, and expand the use of the SCOPE biometric platform.4 This will be combined with a shift towards direct implementation and continued efforts on preparedness and cross border coordination. UNICEF will transfer 30 per cent of funds to local partners, exceeding the Grand Bargain commitments, and will use humanitarian cash transfers to support returnees and newly displaced communities. UNICEF will also invest in reducing vulnerability by ensuring linkages with resilience and development programming through durable solutions and the National Development Plan.

Results from 2016

As of 31 October 2016, UNICEF had received US$60,591,925 against the US$82,268,287 million appeal (74 per cent funded).6 UNICEF and partners focused on preventing and treating malnutrition through a strategic partnership with WFP and timely pre-positioning of nutrition supplies. UNICEF surpassed its measles target through additional small-scale campaigns conducted in drought-affected areas. With 13,700 cases of AWD/cholera reported in 2016, 161 per cent higher than in 2015, emphasis was placed on the provision of WASH and health emergency services to contain the outbreak. Services were scaled up in drought-affected areas, including through mobile teams, and more people were reached with safe water, hygiene treatment and health services. UNICEF supported the release of 845 children associated with armed forces, with an inclusive reintegration package, and supported survivors of gender-based violence (GBV). WFP and UNICEF’s partnership to address the alarming food insecurity and malnutrition levels in Somalia was extended to support the reintegration of Somali returnees from Dadaab by providing emergency cash-based transfer assistance packages for up to 5,000 refugee households to help them settle back in their locations of return.


Funding requirements

In line with the country’s inter-agency 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan, UNICEF is requesting US$66,130,000 in 2017 to meet the humanitarian needs of children in Somalia. Without additional funding, UNICEF will be unable to reach 1 million children in response to the drought, through prevention and response to disease outbreaks, and to address the needs of populations displaced by conflict. This funding is also critical reducing malnutrition rates, providing vulnerable populations with access to basic services and ensuring children affected by emergencies live in safe and protective environments.

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1 This reflects the population all partners will reach in Somalia as part of the Humanitarian Response Plan. UNICEF specifically will reach 1.5 million people and 1 million children.
2 For 2017, the projected caseload is 150,000 children under 5 with SAM, according to the Somalia Nutrition Cluster.
3 Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, ‘Somalia Humanitarian Needs Overview’, 2017.
4 UNICEF Somalia is increasing its use of the SCOPE platform, which allows for registration of beneficiaries at the household level biometrically. This will allow UNICEF and WFP to support the same households with a range of services that beneficiaries can access using one single card (e.g. food and water, food and cash).
5 In 2017, the total projected under-five SAM caseload is 150,000. UNICEF Somalia’s SAM target in 2017 (112,500) will be covered through the humanitarian programme.
6 Available funds include funding received against the current appeal of US$32,653,983 million and US$27,937,942 million carried forward from the previous year.