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Map of Niger
UNICEF photo: A group pose for the camera © UNICEF Niger/Confalone

Niger

In 2017, UNICEF and partners plan for:
309,175

children under 5 years suffering from SAM admitted into therapeutic feeding programmes

105,000

children with access to life-saving interventions through fixed and mobile strategies

30,883

children benefited from psychosocial support through community-based recreational and socio-educational activities

2017 Requirements: US$37,037,007

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Snapshot

Total people in need: 2.2 million5
Total children (<18) in need: 1.3 million6

Total people to be reached in 2017: 880,000
Total children to be reached in 2017: 729,700

Niger continues to face multiple humanitarian crises. Over 2.2 million people1 – an increase from 1.9 million from the start of the year – will be affected by at least one crisis, including food insecurity and malnutrition, displacements, epidemics and natural disasters. The Diffa region, currently hosting some 248,0002 displaced people from Niger and Nigeria due to Boko Haram-related insecurity, continue to be affected, with an estimated 408,000 people expected to be in need of humanitarian assistance in 2017. Humanitarian needs remain acute across all sectors, exacerbated by weak social infrastructure. At the national level, despite an average harvest season, an estimated 1.8 million people will require food assistance and 992,000 will be targeted for nutritional assistance, including 309,1753 children affected by severe acute malnutrition (SAM). Epidemic outbreaks, particularly measles, meningitis, hepatitis E and cholera, and natural disasters are expected to impact 923,200 people, including 507,760 children4 (under 5).

 

Humanitarian strategy

2017 programme targets

Nutrition

  • 309,175 children under 5 years suffering from SAM admitted into therapeutic feeding programmes

Health

  • 105,000 children with access to life-saving interventions through fixed and mobile strategies.
  • 100,000 children aged 6 months to 14 years vaccinated against measles in Diffa

WASH

  • 151,719 people affected by the crisis in Diffa having access to hygiene kits and sensitization activities.
  • 50,0009 people affected by the crisis in Diffa using at least 15 litres per day of drinking water.
  • 50,00010 people in Diffa with access to sanitation infrastructure

Child protection

  • 30,883 children benefited from psychosocial support through community-based recreational and socio-educational activities

Education

  • 24,51311 girls and boys (aged 4 to 17 years) accessed formal and non-formal education

NFI kit

  • 35,000 people (5,000 households) affected by natural disasters provided with an NFI kit.
  • 14,00012 people affected by conflict provided with an NFI kit.

In 2017, UNICEF's humanitarian strategy focuses on the response to severe acute malnutrition, including infant and young child feeding, targeting 309,175 children country-wide, as well as a multi-sectoral response to the urgent basic needs of 408,000 affected people in Diffa. Opportunities for developing more effective links between humanitarian response and development are prioritized, particularly in provision of water with water trucking being combined with longer-term solutions such as deep boreholes connected with multi-village distribution systems and solar systems for pump functioning. Preparedness efforts are maintained for epidemic outbreaks and floods, along with response capacity. In health, mobile and fixed strategies target 105,000 children in Diffa. At the national level, UNICEF continues to support routine measles vaccination and maintains a capacity for response to outbreaks for 500,000 children (0 to 11 months). UNICEF supports the coordination of the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), education, nutrition and child protection sectors. Regular risk analysis allows UNICEF to update contingency plans and improve preparedness, in coordination with the Ministry of Humanitarian Action and Disaster Relief. Prevention efforts continue in all sectors, including stronger inter-sector collaboration between child protection, education and communication for development in Diffa.

Results from 2017

As of 31 July 2017, UNICEF had received US$16 million against the US$37 million appeal (43 per cent funded). UNICEF maintained the national SAM treatment programme, reaching 168,451 children which is over 54 per cent of the planned target. In Diffa, 58,2667 displaced people were provided access to safe water. A multi-sectoral response to the hepatitis E outbreak reached 18,740 households. Psychosocial support has assisted over 11,400 children every month. UNICEF and partners identified 152 unaccompanied and separated children (66 girls) and provided support through temporary foster families while 63 children associated with Boko Haram were released from detention in Diffa and Niamey, and handed over to child protection services. In Diffa, 7,443 children accessed education in 85 emergency schools, which contributed to improved overall enrolment rates in the region8. UNICEF supported the Ministry of Humanitarian Action and other partners to effectively provide an NFI response to floods and displaced populations in Diffa. In Diffa UNICEF provided direct support to health centres through provision of essential medicines, organization of vaccination campaigns and support to mobile clinics.

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Funding requirements

In line with Niger’s revised 2017 inter-agency Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP), UNICEF is increasing the funding requirement to US$37 million to meet the humanitarian needs of vulnerable children in the country. Without continued strong support, UNICEF will be unable to continue the critical support to the vulnerable population affected by the nutrition crisis, both displaced people and affected host communities in Diffa, and populations affected by natural disasters.

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1 Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, revised 2017 Niger Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP), OCHA.
2 Ibid.
3 In the revised HRP nutrition target increased from 247,500 at the beginning of 2017 to 309,175 children (under five) for admission for therapeutic feeding programme, after analysis of admissions and food security new estimates.
4 Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, revised 2017 Niger Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP), OCHA.
5 Ibid.
6 Ibid.
7This figure also includes 12,266 displaced people in Diffa with access to water through water trucking, which is ongoing since July 2016. Infrastructural long term solutions are identified and funds secured to replace water trucking.
8 While gross enrollment rate has significantly increased, a greater focus is being placed on quality, through teachers’ training on school management, didactic methodologies, catch-up summer courses, psychosocial support training.
9 UNICEF target for people accessing safe water in Diffa was decreased from 90,000 to 50,000. In the revised HRP for Niger the overall targets for WASH cluster were reduced due to new estimates about capacity to respond. UNICEF target was also decreased due to the transfer of UNICEF Rapid Response Mechanism (RRM) WASH and NFI projects to NGOs in the revised HRP.
10 The target for sanitation was reduced from 141,000 to 50,000, due to the HRP revision and new estimates about capacity to respond.
11 The target for girls and boys accessing formal education was increased from 11,990 to 24,513, due to new opportunities for coverage.
12 UNICEF target decreased due to the transfer of UNICEF RRM WASH and NFI projects to NGOs in the revised HRP.
13 Data is only for malaria. Data for pneumonia and diarrhea are reported on a quarterly basis, and is not available as of 31July 2017.
14 WASH targets both for UNICEF and cluster decreased in the revised HRP due to new estimates about capacity to respond.
15 The results relate to co-funding of RRM projects with IRC. Figures are based on seven persons per household.