In 2018, UNICEF and partners plan for:
people have access to psychosocial support
adolescents aged 11 to 17 years accessing non-formal education opportunities
people accessing sufficient water of appropriate quality and quantity for drinking, cooking and maintaining personal hygiene
2018 Requirements: US$31,780,000
Since late August, more than 655,000 Muslims4 have fled Myanmar's Rakhine State into Bangladesh following fighting between government military forces and Muslims, and widespread violence, death and destruction have been reported. Although UNICEF staff have received travel authorization for central and northern Rakhine, restrictions on humanitarian access and needs assessment remain. More than 690,000 people in Rakhine5 —including 255,300 children,6 400,000 stateless Muslims, 160,000 non-displaced people and 128,000 internally displaced persons7 —require assistance. Over 841,000 people are in need of water for drinking, cooking and hygiene purposes.8 New displacements in Kachin, Shan and Rakhine states have added to the existing caseload of internally displaced persons, some of whom have been displaced since 2011. More than 166,000 displaced and conflict-affected people, including 61,500 children,9 require humanitarian support in Kachin and Shan states, where the protracted conflict continued in 2017, with increased aerial attacks and landmines causing displacement and civilian casualties. Access to communities, particularly those in and around key areas, remains constrained. Myanmar is also extremely vulnerable to natural disasters, including floods and cyclones, including in Rakhine State.
2018 programme targets
- 9,000 children aged 6 to 59 months with SAM admitted to therapeutic care
- 32,000 pregnant or lactating women accessed infant and young child feeding counselling
- 28,000 children aged 9 to 18 months vaccinated against measles
- 65,000 children and women provided with access to health care services
- 117,570 people accessing sufficient water of appropriate quality and quantity for drinking, cooking and maintaining personal hygiene
- 117,570 people accessing toilets and washing facilities that are culturally appropriate, secure, sanitary, user-friendly and gender-appropriate
- 246,950 people have access to psychosocial support
- 118,000 people have access to mine-risk education
- 37,000 children aged 3 to 10 years accessing pre-primary or primary learning opportunities
- 5,450 adolescents aged 11 to 17 years accessing non-formal education opportunities
UNICEF is striving to meet the humanitarian needs of crisis-affected and displaced children, women and men across parts of Rakhine, Kachin and Shan states in partnership with the Government of Myanmar and local and international partners. In Rakhine, UNICEF will provide humanitarian assistance to a large number of non-displaced stateless Muslims who are suffering increased communal tensions and movement restrictions. UNICEF will coordinate with partners to provide critical life-saving and life-sustaining services in child protection, education, health, nutrition and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) for the most vulnerable and hard-to-reach populations.10 UNICEF will expand assistance to children under 5 years with severe acute malnutrition (SAM); reach women and children with health care services; support community-based solutions for access to safe and sufficient water and appropriate sanitation facilities; mitigate child protection risks through psychosocial support in safe community spaces; provide mine-risk and life-skills education; and increase access to schooling for children aged 3 to 17 years through formal and non-formal learning opportunities and temporary learning spaces. UNICEF will also continue to lead the WASH cluster, the nutrition sector and the child protection sub-sector and co-lead the education sector.
Results from 2017
As of 31 October 2017, UNICEF had raised US$5.8 million against the US$25.1 million appeal. Another US$12.2 million was available from previous years, including US$7 million for the reconstruction of 47 schools in Rakhine.11 Despite low funding and restricted access, UNICEF and partners still achieved significant results. In Rakhine, 55 percent of targeted children were treated for SAM. Service disruptions affected UNICEF's ability to reach all children in need. Low achievement against the measles vaccination target was due to the Government's focus on other major vaccination campaigns. Ultimately, 11,600 children were reached (39 per cent of the target). UNICEF and partners expanded WASH facilities and services for more than 59,000 people in need. More than double the targeted number of children received child protection case management services due to increasing needs and the strengthened case management system. UNICEF also facilitated the release of 49 children from the armed forces in 2017. Furthermore, over 17,900 children living in camps for internally displaced persons and host communities gained access to learning opportunities. UNICEF also continued to focus on building the technical capacities of government counterparts and national non-governmental organizations.
UNICEF is requesting US$31,780,000 to meet the increasing humanitarian needs of children in Myanmar in 2018. Without timely and flexible funding, UNICEF will be unable to support the growing needs of the internally displaced and conflict-affected persons in Rakhine, Kachin and Shan states. This funding will also enable UNICEF to maintain basic emergency stocks in health, nutrition and WASH to provide life-saving response during floods and cyclones.
1 Calculated at an average of 37 per cent of the population aged 0 to 17 based on 2014 census rates for the three targeted areas.
2 Targets for 2018 have been increased to include non-displaced crisis-affected populations and host communities previously unreached in Kachin, Shan and northern and central Rakhine states.
3 Children to be reached is the subset of the highest 2018 target, which is 246,950 people to be reached with psychosocial support, which includes 224,500 children.
4 Inter Sector Coordination Group Situation Update of 14 December 2017.
5 Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, ‘2018 Myanmar Humanitarian Needs Overview’, OCHA, 2017.
6 UNICEF calculation of 37 per cent of the population aged 0 to 17 based on 2014 census rates for Rakhine.
7 Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, ‘2018 Myanmar Humanitarian Needs Overview’, OCHA, 2017.
8 Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs,'2018 Interim Humanitarian Response Plan', OCHA, November 2017.
9 Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, ‘2018 Myanmar Humanitarian Needs Overview’, OCHA, 2017.
10 Due to access restrictions and logistical challenges, operational costs for UNICEF and partners are high in hard-to-reach areas.
11 Available funds include US$5.8 million raised against the current appeal and US$12.2 million carried forward from the previous year, which includes US$7 million from the Government of Japan, which allowed for the renovation/repair/reconstruction of 47 schools in Rakhine in areas affected by the 2015 floods. Children benefitting from this intervention are not included in the 2017 Humanitarian Action for Children targets and results.
12 The UNICEF funding requirements for education and WASH are higher than in the 2018 Interim Humanitarian Response Plan requirement because they include higher caseloads and wider geographical coverage.