Migration Flows from the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Appeal
Humanitarian Action for Children
UNICEF’s Humanitarian Action for Children appeal helps support the agency’s work as it
provides conflict- and disaster-affected children with access to water, sanitation, nutrition,
education, health and protection services. Read more about this year’s appeal here.
Children and populations affected by the migration flows from the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela snapshot
Countries in Latin America and the Caribbean are hosting over 3.7 million Venezuelan migrants and refugees out of the 4.5 million Venezuelans migrating worldwide. The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is the country of origin for the second largest number of people displaced across international borders. Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru and Trinidad and Tobago are hosting at least 2.8 million people – 77 percent of all migrants and refugees in the region.
The projection for 2020 is that 6.15 million people will need assistance, including 1.98 million children, compared with 1.18 million children in 2019. The most disadvantaged indigenous populations are among those in need.
The tighter immigration policies adopted by several countries in 2019 established requirements that often cannot be met. This new development has increasingly led migrants to consider irregular routes and has hampered the monitoring of children on the move, ultimately depriving these children of access to regular status and basic social services and preventing the integration of the most vulnerable, including indigenous people. Children and adolescents are at risk of family separation, insecurity, trafficking, exploitation, child recruitment and gender-based violence.
The scale and urgency of the needs have strained limited capacities to absorb additional demand, and prevented children from accessing child protection, education, health, nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and social protection services. The migration flows include an increased number of families and young children hoping to reunite with their relatives.
While humanitarian needs vary from country to country, it is clear that the crisis is evolving and more people are looking for opportunities in the main cities. This requires enhanced efforts to foster integration and build the long-term resilience of both migrants and host communities. Humanitarian and development partners must strengthen joint efforts with governments to respond to this crisis and prioritize integration.
Key planned results for 2020
215,100 children and women receiving primary health care in UNICEF-supported facilities
178,000 people, including host community members, accessing a sufficient quantity of safe water as per agreed standards at the community level
150,900 children and women accessing gender-based violence risk mitigation, prevention or response interventions
Funding requirements for 2020
UNICEF has prioritized actions in six countries, including bordering countries, that concentrate 86 per cent of the population in need across the region and where the humanitarian needs are highest, due to the conditions of migrants and refugees and national and local capacities. Given the changing flow patterns and multidimensional nature of the migration crisis, combined with the higher number of people who are settling in urban areas, UNICEF will respond to each country context by bridging life-saving relief with efforts to foster longer-term access to basic services.
In 2020, UNICEF will continue working in hotspots at the border and in the transit paths but will also scale up its response to address pressing needs in urban settings and keep child protection at the centre of its humanitarian action.
UNICEF will apply the following approach in the six affected countries:
- conduct humanitarian action as per humanitarian principles, in line with the Core Commitments for Children in Humanitarian Action, to ensure that children have access to protection, education, health, nutrition and WASH services;
- enhance advocacy on the rights of migrant and refugee children and their families, in collaboration with national stakeholders and key partners; and
- foster resilient and equitable development, focusing on social inclusion and integration, especially in Colombia and Peru, and advocating for migrant access to social protection systems.
Key enablers for achieving the proposed approach include:
- supporting public systems to absorb additional demand,
- improving migrant and refugee capacities to better integrate into host communities, and
- supporting host communities to benefit from the opportunities created by the migration dynamic.
UNICEF's response will cover border areas, transit routes and destination cities through an increased footprint on the ground. Accountability to affected populations will be strengthened, as will the use of services that are age-, gender- and disability-appropriate.
At the regional level, UNICEF will continue to provide technical assistance and quality assurance to the field, enhance advocacy efforts and contribute to the inter-agency Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan. This will include strategic leadership in the child protection, education, nutrition, WASH and communications sectors.
Inter-agency initiatives will focus on supported space, communication for development, prevention and management of gender-based violence and information management.
Humanitarian Action is at the core of UNICEF’s mandate to realize the rights of every child. This edition of Humanitarian Action for Children – UNICEF’s annual humanitarian fundraising appeal – describes the ongoing crises affecting children and populations by the migration flows from the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela; the strategies that we are using to respond to these situations; and the donor support that is essential in this response.