In 2018, UNICEF and partners plan for:
people provided with safe water as per agreed standards
children aged 6 to 59 months with SAM admitted for treatment
crisis-affected children accessing formal and non-formal education
2018 Requirements: US$43,839,000
Six years after the armed conflict started in northern Mali, the country remains affected by a protracted humanitarian crisis and a deteriorating security situation. In 2017, the insecurity spread from the northern to central regions leading to significant population movement. Some 60,500 people1 are internally displaced due to conflict. Another 138,3002 have sought refuge in neighboring countries. Lack of access to essential services and limited State presence and capacity in both north and central region are driving humanitarian needs. The malnutrition situation in 2018 is worse than anticipated. The expected caseload of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) has increased from 162,913 to 274,145 and moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) increased from 70,000 to 582,0003. In addition, an estimated 907,000 people4 will need access to safe water. Insecurity due to conflict affects education, especially in the central region of Mopti, where 63 per cent of schools are closed.5 More than 1 million children of primary school age (7 to 12) are out of school and at risk of rights violations.6 Mali is also prone to natural disasters such as flooding and drought. Presidential and legislative elections planned for 2018 may increase social tension and generate additional instability.
2018 programme targets
- 274,145 children aged 6 to 59 months with SAM admitted for treatment
- 349,000 children under 5 vaccinated against measles
- 418,900 children under 5 reached in each round of the polio campaign in the northern regions
- 82,600 people provided with safe water as per agreed standards
- 6,000 SAM children received a WASH kit and attend a hygiene promotion session
- 40,000 children reached with psychosocial support through child-friendly/safe spaces
- 580 children released from armed forces/groups reached with reintegration support
- 300 unaccompanied and separated children received care in foster families or through temporary care and reunited with their biological families
- 150,000 crisis-affected children accessing formal and non-formal education
- 55,000 children benefitting from the education programme for peacebuilding
UNICEF supports the provision of sustainable essential services to affected communities in Mali by strengthening development and humanitarian programme linkages. UNICEF is supporting the response plan of the Government of Mali, focusing on the prevention and management of severe acute malnutrition through the delivery of an integrated package of specific and sensitive nutrition services. Health interventions address vaccine-preventable diseases through immunization campaigns. UNICEF provides safe drinking water at community level, including to people affected by natural disasters or outbreaks; delivery of a full package of water, sanitation and hygiene services to health centres and schools; and supporting nutrition interventions by ensuring that caregivers of acutely malnourished children receive hygiene information and supplies. Affected women and children receive holistic child protection support, including reintegration services, and UNICEF is reinforcing Mali's Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism7. Education interventions promote the reopening of schools in insecure areas through community mobilization, community learning centres and provision of school supplies. As lead agency for the WASH, nutrition and education clusters and the child protection sub-cluster, UNICEF works with the government's line ministries and civil society organisations to strengthen government capacities for coordination, disaster preparedness and response at national and regional levels.
Results from 2018
As of 30 April 2018, UNICEF had US$ 10.2 million available against the US$ 43.8 million appeal (23 per cent funded)8. UNICEF worked in collaboration with line ministries and local non-governmental organizations, drawing on a high level of community acceptance to mitigate insecurity and overcome access constraints in conflictaffected regions. UNICEF is leading the establishment of sentinel sites to strengthen the nutrition surveillance system and closely monitor the nutrition situation taking prompt actions to adjust response while supporting children screening. In addition, with UNICEF support, 509,685 children were vaccinated against polio. In crisis-affected areas, 21,000 people benefitted from provision of emergency WASH kits and temporary access to safe water. UNICEF 's education activities focused on strong advocacy in communities and with local leaders for children, especially girls rights to learning as well as addressing schools closure. Some 6,051 children (3,147 girls and 2,904 boys) benefitted from psychosocial support through seven child-friendly spaces. For sustained access and service delivery to affected population, UNICEF as a key humanitarian stakeholder and lead agency is strongly advocating for upholding the humanitarian principles and respect of humanitarian negotiation space.
UNICEF's funding requirement has increased to US$ 43.8 million due to deteriorating nutrition situation requiring scale up of response. Nutrition response remains underfunded, leaving over 100,000 children with SAM at risk of not accessing treatment. In addition, critical funding gaps are hampering delivery of life-saving WASH, health, education and child protection services to affected population. Without sufficient and timely funding, UNICEF will be unable to provide affected children and their communities with critical basic social services.
1 National Directorate od Social Development - Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Situation Report #19 as of 23 May 2018
2 United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, 'Operational Portal Refugee Situations – Mali situation', 30 April 2018, available at: https://data2.unhcr.org/en/situations/mali situation, accessed 05 June 2018.
3 SMART survey conducted nationwide in August 2017.
4 Office for the Coordnation of Humanitarian Affairs, '2018 Mali Humanitarian Needs Overview', OCHA, November 2017.
5 Education Cluster, as of October 2017.
6 Government of Mali Ministry of Education, Statistical Yearbook 2016-2017.
7 The Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism collects information on grave child rights violations.
8 Available funds include US$6.5 million raised against the current appeal and US$3.4 million carried forward from the previous year.
9 Office of the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, '2018 Mali Humanitarian Needs Overview', OCHA, 2018.
11 Population and children to be reached targets are based on UNICEF programme targets and adjusted downwards to address double counting.
12 2018 Mali HRP is currently being revised and UNICEF nutrition targets and funding requirement will be aligned with the revised HAC targets and requirements.
13 Emergency coordination/operational funds are also used to support adhoc programme operations needs to ensure sustained humanitarian programme delivery.
14 The total funding gap and funds available do not equal the total HAC requirements due to a surplus under Coordination/Operation costs. This surplus will help fund activities until 2019.