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Map of Mali
UNICEF photo: A young girl with classmates in the background © UNICEF Mali/2017/Maren Mariam, 7, attends Walirde school in Mopti.

Mali

In 2018, UNICEF and partners plan for:
85,000

people provided with safe water as per agreed standards

130,000

children aged 6 to 59 months with SAM admitted for treatment

150,000

crisis-affected children accessing formal and non-formal education

2018 Requirements: US$36,775,000

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Snapshot

Total people in need: 3.8 million
Total children (<18) in need: 2.2 million

Total people to be reached in 2018: 1.5 million
Total children to be reached in 2018: 868,000

Six years after the armed conflict broke out in northern Mali, and despite the progress made since the signing of the Algiers peace agreement in 2015, the country remains affected by a protracted humanitarian crisis and a deteriorating security situation. In 2017, the insecurity spread from the northern to the central regions and led to significant population movement. Some 59,000 people1 are internally displaced due to conflict and another 133,3002 have sought refuge in neighboring countries. Lack of access to essential services and limited State presence and capacity in the north are driving humanitarian needs. In 2018, an estimated 907,000 people3 will need access to safe water and 165,000 children4 will be at risk of severe acute malnutrition (SAM). The education situation remains complex in conflict-affected areas, especially in the central region of Mopti, where 55 per cent of schools are closed.5 More than 1 million children of primary school age (7 to 12) are out of school and at risk of rights violations.6 Mali is also prone to natural disasters such as flooding and drought. Presidential and legislative elections planned for 2018 may increase social tension and generate additional instability.

Humanitarian strategy

2018 programme targets

Nutrition

  • 130,000 children aged 6 to 59 months with SAM admitted for treatment

Health

  • 349,000 children under 5 vaccinated against measles
  • 418,900 children under 5 reached in each round of the polio campaign in the northern regions

WASH

  • 85,000 people provided with safe water as per agreed standards
  • 30,000 children accessing WASH facilities in learning environments
  • 60,000 people living in environments free of open defecation

Child protection

  • 40,000 children reached with psychosocial support through child-friendly/safe spaces
  • 580 children released from armed forces/groups reached with reintegration support
  • 300 separated and unaccompanied children received care in foster families or through temporary care and reunited with their biological families

Education

  • 150,000 crisis-affected children accessing formal and non-formal education
  • 55,000 children benefitting from the education programme for peacebuilding

UNICEF will support the provision of sustainable essential services to affected communities in Mali by strengthening the link between its development and humanitarian programmes. The Ministry of Health’s integrated management of acute malnutrition programme will be supported through early childhood development and infant and young child feeding activities. Health interventions will address vaccine-preventable diseases through immunization campaigns and the provision of essential medicines. UNICEF will provide safe drinking water at the community level, including to people affected by natural disasters or outbreaks; deliver a full package of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services to health centres and schools; and support nutrition interventions by ensuring that caregivers of acutely malnourished children receive hygiene information and supplies. Affected women and children will receive holistic child protection support, including reintegration services, and UNICEF will reinforce Mali's Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism.7 Education interventions will promote the reopening of schools in insecure areas through community mobilization, community learning centres and the provision of school supplies. As lead agency for the WASH, nutrition and education clusters and the child protection sub-cluster, UNICEF will work with line ministries and civil society to strengthen government capacities for coordination, disaster preparedness and response at national and regional levels.

Results from 2017

As of 31 October 2017, UNICEF had US$9.9 million available against the US$35.2 million appeal (28 per cent funded)8 . Given the large funding gaps and the significant needs, UNICEF also used more than US$5.5 million from its regular resources to support key humanitarian interventions. Insecurity and access constraints in conflict-affected regions continued to hamper the timely implementation and adequate monitoring of interventions. To mitigate this, UNICEF worked in collaboration with line ministries and local non-governmental organizations and employed third-party monitoring for programme interventions. To support SAM management in all 74 health districts, UNICEF provided the Ministry of Health with nutrition supplies,9 anthropometric equipment, essential medicines and trainings for community health workers. In addition, with UNICEF support, 546,961 children were vaccinated against polio. In crisis-affected areas, 103,476 people benefitted from access to safe water and improved infrastructure—such as water points, latrines and hand-washing stations—which contributed to resilience building. Some 44,000 schoolchildren accessed formal and non-formal education. Child protection assistance benefitted 11,283 children, including 10,580 children (5,328 girls and 5,252 boys) who received psychosocial support in seven child-friendly spaces.

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Funding requirements

In line with Mali’s inter-agency 2018 Humanitarian Response Plan, UNICEF is requesting US$56,779,000 for 2018-2019 to meet the humanitarian needs of children and women in Mali. Of this, US$36,775,000 is required for 2018. Without sufficient and timely funding, UNICEF will be unable to support the national response to the continuing nutrition crisis and provide life-saving WASH services to communities affected by the conflict. This funding will also be essential to UNICEF's ability to provide critical child protection and education services to the most vulnerable children. Without these services, children will be at increased risk for recruitment into armed groups.

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1 United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, 'Operational Portal Refugee Situations – Mali situation', 24 November 2017, available at: https://data2.unhcr.org/en/situations/malisituation, accessed 24 November 2017.
2 Ibid.
3 Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, '2018 Mali Humanitarian Needs Overview', OCHA, November 2017.
4 SMART survey conducted nationwide in August 2017.
5 Education Cluster, as of October 2017.
6 Government of Mali Ministry of Education, Statistical Yearbook 2016-2017.
7 The Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism collects information on grave child rights violations.
8 Available funds include US$6.5 million raised against the current appeal and US$3.4 million carried forward from the previous year.
9 This includes therapeutic milk and ready-to-use therapeutic food.
10 The lower funding request for nutrition in 2018 compared to 2017 is due to the fact that infant and young child feeding activities will focus exclusively on the northern regions in 2018.