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Nigeria regional crisis map

Lake Chad basin crisis

(Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Niger)

Lake Chad basin crisis:

     4 million (2.1 million)
     Nigeria target population (children)
     1.1 million (569,000)
     Cameroon, Chad, Niger target population (children)
   US$195.4 million
     UNICEF total requirements



Total people in need: 10.7 million1
Total children (<18) in need: 5.6 million

Total people to be reached in 2017: 5.1 million
Total children to be reached in 2017: 2.7 million

A major humanitarian crisis continues to grip Africa’s Lake Chad basin, where violence and destruction have caused huge population displacements, left hundreds of thousands of children trapped behind conflict lines and led to a dramatic increase in malnutrition. Boko Haram’s attacks and military operations have displaced 2.4 million people across north-eastern Nigeria, Cameroon’s Far North, western Chad and south-east Niger. The majority of the displaced are sheltered by communities who themselves count among the world’s most vulnerable. Vital infrastructure including health centres, schools, water pipelines and roads have been destroyed. Many of the children caught in the conflict have been subjected to unimaginable violence and abuse; they have lost their families, their homes and years of education. Women and girls kidnapped by Boko Haram have been subjected to physical and psychological abuse, forced marriage, sexual slavery or forced labour. Children have been forcibly enrolled as combatants and used as suicide bombers. Across the region almost a third of the population is food insecure. More than half a million children are suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM). UNICEF alongside its partners has dramatically increased its humanitarian response in 2016. Yet, the crisis continues to take a toll on children, with constantly growing needs, especially in newly-accessible areas. In 2017, UNICEF is requesting over US$ 195 million to meet the lifesaving needs of women and children across the Lake Chad basin.

4 million (2.1 million)
UNICEF target population (children)

US$146.9 million
UNICEF total requirements

Appeal for Nigeria

Situation reports

700,000 (325,000)
UNICEF target population (children)

US$14.6 million
UNICEF total requirements

Appeal for Cameroon

Situation reports

183,000 (110,000)
UNICEF target population (children)

US$19 million
UNICEF total requirements

Appeal for Chad

Situation reports

244,000 (134,000)
UNICEF target population (children)

US$15 million
UNICEF total requirements

Appeal for Niger

Situation reports


2017 programme targets2


  • 279,000 children under 5 affected by SAM admitted for treatment


  • 1.9 million children vaccinated for measles
  • 4.4 million women and children with access to emergency primary health care


  • 1.3 million people with access to safe drinking water
  • 520,000 people with access to improved sanitation
  • 1.3 million people with access to hygiene promotion

Child protection

  • 484,000 children with access to psychosocial support, including in child-friendly spaces
  • 12,230 separated and unaccompanied children receiving follow-up support
  • 4,820 children associated with armed groups receiving support for reintegration


  • 1.3 million children with continued access to formal and non-formal education


1 The People and Children in Need figures are the sum of the populations (displaced and non-displaced) affected by the Lake Chad Basin crisis in the four countries as of December 2016. They are exclusive of non-Lake Chad Basin populations that may have impacted by other humanitarian situations in the countries and covered as part of respective Humanitarian Action for Children appeals. Sources are Humanitarian Needs Overviews: Nigeria, Chad, Cameroon & Niger.
2 Programme targets and Total People and Children to be reached only cover those populations affected by the crisis and are not national.