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Indonesia
A boy stands among debris © UNICEF/2018/Wilander

Indonesia

In 2018, UNICEF and partners plan for:
600,000

children reached with MR vaccinations

190,000

internally displaced people access safe drinking water om Sulawesi

20,000

children access psychosocial support through child-friendly spaces

2018 Requirements: US$26,600,000

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Snapshot

Total affected population: 1.9 million1
Total affected children: 665,0002

Total people to be reached: 1.4 million3
Total children to be reached: 475,0004

On 28 September, a 7.4 magnitude earthquake off the coast of Indonesia triggered a tsunami, affecting approx. 1.5 million people in Sulawesi.5 Around 71,000 are displaced and access to remote communities is challenging. In Central Sulawesi, some 500,000 people need urgent access to water and sanitation services. Prior to the disaster, Palu, the main urban centre of Sulawesi, had a low Measles Rubella (MR) immunization coverage at 49 per cent 6 and a high prevalence of wasting and stunting. The recent disaster exacerbates these pre-existing vulnerabilities, increasing the risk of disease outbreaks for thousands of children and their families7. More than 2,700 schools have been affected, directly impacting the education of 270,000 children in Central Sulawesi.8 There are approximately 5,000 separated children and 100.000 children require of psycho-social support.9 In addition, UNICEF continues to respond to the August 2018 Lombok earthquakes, which displaced 340,000 people.10

Humanitarian strategy

2018 programme targets [11]

Nutrition

  • 5,000 children aged 6-59 months with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) access integrated management of acute malnutrition (IMAM) services
  • 50,000 children under-five years of age in Sulawesi have access to quality counselling on infant and young child feeding (IYCF)

Health

  • 600,000 children reached with MR vaccinations
  • 300,000 people protected from malaria using Long Lasting Insecticides Nets in affected areas
  • 32,000 families received Family kit in 4 districts

WASH

  • 190,000 internally displaced people access safe drinking water om Sulawesi
  • 600,000 people receive hygiene supplies and messages
  • 120,000 internally displaced people access sanitation services

Child Protection

  • 20,000 children access psychosocial support through child-friendly spaces
  • 70 percent of the identified separated children and unaccompanied children reunited with families
  • 120 frontline workers trained on GBV and PSEA

Education

  • 245,000 children and adolescents in Sulawesi and Lombok access formal and non-formal quality education
  • 12,500 teachers trained in Education in Emergencies

Community Engagement/C4D

  • 600,000 people reached through information dissemination, community engagement and accountability mechanisms on life-saving behaviours and available services
  • 20,000 adolescent girls and boys engaged to provide life-saving information and referral to services

UNICEF responds to the earthquake-tsunami disaster in Sulawesi and Lombok under the leadership of the Government of Indonesia, and in partnership with local and international NGOs, focusing on life saving service delivery and early recovery. The tsunami response is fully aligned with the Central Sulawesi Earthquake Response Plan released on 4 October. In Sulawesi, UNICEF’s response focuses on strengthening sectoral coordination and on provision of critical life-saving support across all sectors by building on existing capacities. The provision of child protection services including for separated and unaccompanied children, as well as education, are key priorities. In Lombok, UNICEF is scaling up recovery activities across all sectors.

UNICEF supports the Ministry of Health in charge of the Health Cluster, leading on nutrition and Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) for hygiene promotion, as well as maternal, child health and immunization. UNICEF also provides coordination support to the Ministry of Public Works as the lead on WASH infrastructure. UNICEF and YSTC (Save the Children national chapter) co-lead the coordination support to the Ministry of Education, leading the Education cluster.

UNICEF and Muhammadiyah Disaster Management Center co-lead cluster coordination support to the Ministry of Social Affairs, leading on Child Protection under the National Displacement and Protection Cluster.

Results to from 2018

As of October 2018, UNICEF has achieved the following results in Lombok. Child protection support has been provided through the Ministry of Social Affairs and in conjunction with the Ministry of Education for psychosocial activities. Key results are:

  • Education in Emergency and CPiE integrated training for 60 education officials.
  • GBV trainings for 50 to 60 women’s groups and community leaders.
  • 50 social workers and volunteers are working on child protection responses reaching 1,500 children.
  • Training and support for social workers and members/volunteers of local CSOs provided in Lombok covering 20 – 30 displacement sites.
  • Joint secretariat on child protection has been established and is operational - serving as a coordination mechanism for emergency response.
  • Initial plan for Child Protection Sectoral Assessment has been finalized with the national and provincial social affairs department, Yayasan Sayangi Tunas Cilik (Save the Children), Wahana Visi Indonesia (World Vision), Plan International Indonesia.

In Sulawesi, Government-led initial assessments at the inter-agency level are still ongoing. UNICEF has sent a second wave of personnel to the earthquake-affected areas to support assessments and initial response.

Funding requirements

UNICEF requires US$26.6 million to meet the humanitarian needs of children affected by the earthquake in Lombok and the earthquake – tsunami in Sulawesi. To ensure a timely scale up of UNICEF’s humanitarian response in Sulawesi, UNICEF HQ advanced a loan of US$4 million from its Emergency Programme Fund (EPF). Adequate, timely and flexible funding is essential to enable UNICEF to provide life-saving support to affected children and their families in both Lombok and Sulawesi islands. Sixty per cent of the resource requirements sought in this appeal will be for Sulawesi response and forty per cent for the Lombok response.

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1 1,500,000 in Sulawesi and 400,000 in Lombok
2 Ibid.
3 1,125,000 in Sulawesi and 300,000 in Lombok
4 375,000 in Sulawesi and 100,000 in Lombok
5 Central Sulawesi Earthquake Response Oct – Dec 2018, 5 October 2018
6 MR phase 2 coverage report, Ministry of Health, October 2018
7 Nutrition Status Monitoring (PSG) Ministry of Health, 2017
8 Safe School Secretariat, Ministry of Education and Culture 20180
9 UNICEF Indonesia estimate as of 10 October, based on Government figures
10 Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), Ministry of Social Affairs & IOM, 2018
11 Targets are subject to change pending ongoing assessments and access to remote areas.