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Map of Chad
UNICEF photo: three smiling girls sit cross-legged, sewing © UNICEF Chad/2015/Cherkaoui Girls sewing cloth, as part of a UNICEF-supported activity in a Dar Es Salam refugee camp in Chad. UNICEF set up a child-friendly space in order to offer recreational activities to children in the afternoon.

Chad

In 2017, UNICEF and partners plan for:
200,294

children aged 6 to 59 months affected by SAM admitted for treatment

377,324

children aged 6 months to 14 years vaccinated against measles

50,710

school-aged children have new access to education

2017 Requirements: US$57,803,964

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Snapshot

Total people in need: 4.7 million
Total children (<18) in need: 2.7 million

Total people to be reached in 2017: 850,000
Total children to be reached in 2017: 530,000

In 2017, 4.7 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, including 2.7 million children. Food insecurity continues to affect 4.3 million people2, with more than half a million children suffering from global acute malnutrition (GAM) (11.9 per cent) and 228,240 children suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) (2.6 per cent). Conflicts are uprooting many, with more than half a million people displaced in the Central African Republic, the Lake Chad basin and Sudan in 2017, including 405,000 refugees, 104,000 internally displaced persons and 87,000 Chadian returnees. Both the displaced populations and their host communities require humanitarian assistance, including health, nutrition, education, water, sanitation and protection services. Epidemics outbreaks, particularly measles cholera and Hepatitis E, were reported in parts of the country given the fragility and limited coverage of the health system. While a growing number of humanitarian actors are present in the Lac region, Chad’s emergency needs remain critically underfunded with the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) funded at only 29.8 per cent3. In addition, the country’s difficult financial situation has impaired the Government’s capacity to provide basic services and participate in early recovery.

Humanitarian strategy

2017 programme targets

Nutrition

  • 200,294 children aged 6 to 59 months affected by SAM admitted for treatment

Health

  • 377,324 children aged 6 months to 14 years vaccinated against measles

WASH

  • 268,000 people have access to potable water and basic sanitation
  • 33,000 children and their families affected by SAM receiving a life-saving package of WASH services

Child protection

  • 13,166 girls and boys reached with psychosocial support through child-friendly/safe spaces
  • 1,5234 unaccompanied/separated children have access to alternative care arrangements

Education

  • 50,7105 school-aged children have new access to education
  • 107,4696 children aged 6 to 11 years affected by the crises benefiting from a teacher trained in psychosocial support
  • 165,9907 children aged 3 to 17 years received school supplies

HIV and AIDS

  • 55,000 pregnant women have access to HIV and AIDS screening services and prevention of mother-to-child transmission services

Non-food Items

  • 20,900 Internally displaced persons who received non-food items and shelter kits

In line with Chad’s 2017-2019 HRP strategic objectives, nutrition interventions are targeting over 200,000 children (under 5) suffering from SAM. Community-based infant and young child feeding are being implemented in the Lac region, while populations affected by emergencies are accessing improved access to water, sanitation and emergency health services. Using a cross-sector approach, UNICEF is focusing on provision of multi-sectoral package for children including promotion of early recovery activities, as well as the strengthening of community-based support for children’s rights. UNICEF continues to provide learning materials and access to education; psychosocial support for refugees, internally displaced persons and returnee children; identification and care for unaccompanied and separated children; family reunification services; and mine-risk education. UNICEF is leading the nutrition, education and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) clusters, and child protection sub-cluster, at national and sub-national levels. UNICEF’s efforts to bridge humanitarian and development programming remain paramount, including through support to the Government’s emergency preparedness capacity, and building community and institutional resilience.

Results from 2017

As of 31 August 2017, UNICEF had received about US$24.6 million against the US$57.8 million appeal (42 per cent funded, mostly for the Sahel and the Lake crises). By 31 August, 125,250 children received SAM treatment 2017UNICEF provided 80,500 people in conflict-affected areas with a full package of water and sanitation interventions. More than 22,700 displaced and host community children received quality education and 107,500 children received school supplies in crisis-affected areas. 81,000 attended school with teachers trained in psychosocial support. 1,018 unaccompanied and separated children were identified and put into alternative care, including children released from armed groups and supported through a specialized transit center in the Lake region. More than 11,300 children affected by Nigeria and CAR crises also benefited from psychosocial support. UNICEF continued to reinforce and expand access to health services through a hybrid system of six mobile clinics and paired health centers in the Lake region. Due to funding constraints, some urgent needs remained uncovered, including for WASH, community-based interventions, non-food items and shelter. Only 7.6 per cent (of planned 33,000) people were provided lifesaving WASH and nutrition supply package and 5.9 per cent (of planned 20,900) received NFIs and shelter kits.

 

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Funding requirements

In line with the country’s inter-agency 2017 HRP, UNICEF is requesting US$57,803,964 to meet the multiple humanitarian needs of children in Chad. Without this funding, UNICEF will be unable to support the national response to the country’s continuing nutrition crisis as well as critical basic services such as child protection, education, health and access to water and sanitation to the displaced people from the Central African Republic, Nigeria and Chad’s Lac region. Supplies and operational preparedness for recurring epidemics and flooding are also urgently needed.

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1 Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, 2017 Chad Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP), OCHA.
2 Ibid.
3 OCHA, Chad HRP funds monitoring, 31 August 2017.
4 Target for unaccompanied/separated children who have access to alternative care arrangements increased from 1,313 at the beginning of 2017 to 1,523 due to revised estimates.
5 Target for school-aged children with new access to education increased from 43,560 at the beginning of 2017 to 50,710 due to revised estimates.
6 Target for children aged 6 to 11 years affected by the crises and benefitting from a teacher trained in psychosocial support increased from 77,580 at the beginning of 2017 to 107,469 due to revised estimates.
7 Target for children aged 3 to 17 years who received school supplies increased from 140,560 at the beginning of 2017 to 165,990 due to revised estimates.
8 Results are for children vaccinated against measles in conflict-affected displacement areas. Contingency planning for potential measles outbreak are ongoing.
9 Although NFI component is 100 per cent unfunded, UNICEF achieved these results by using 2016 contingency stock.