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Burundi map
UNICEF photo: a child holds a container of water on her head © UNICEF Burundi/2017/Juan Haro Nadia, 10, fetching drinking water near her home in Mukerezi-Mpakaniro Hill, Makamba Province

Burundi

In 2018, UNICEF and partners plan for:
200,000

people accessing at least 7.5 litres of clean water for cooking, drinking and personal hygiene

600,000

children under 5 assessed for SAM

100 per cent

of people affected by cholera treated (400 estimated)

2018 Requirements: US$26,000,000

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Snapshot

Total people in need: 3.5 million1
Total children (<18) in need: 2 million2

Total population to be reached in 2018: 2.3 million3
Total children to be reached in 2018: 1.3 million4

The political crisis that began in Burundi in April 2015 continues to affect the lives of millions of people. An estimated 200,000 people are internally displaced and more than 400,000 have fled to neighbouring countries, primarily the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda.5 The security situation remains volatile, with recurrent attacks nationwide disproportionately affecting women and children, who are at greater risk of violence and exploitation. In addition to the political and protection crises, the decline in overseas development assistance and the worsening economic conditions have led to the further deterioration of socio-economic well-being and decreasing access to essential social services for women and children. Recent inter-agency assessments6 indicate that 3.5 million people, including 2 million children, remain affected by the ongoing crisis and the associated economic downturn and will require humanitarian assistance in 2018. Severe food insecurity continues to impact 2.6 million Burundians, with an estimated 62,500 children under 5 requiring treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM).7 Burundi also remains at high risk of epidemics, with 7 million reported malaria cases in 2017, multiple cholera outbreaks on the Lake Tanganyika shoreline, and more than 2 million people with little or no access to water.8

Humanitarian strategy

2018 programme targets

Nutrition

  • 600,000 children under 5 assessed for SAM
  • 60,000 children under 5 with SAM admitted for treatment

Health

  • 100 per cent of people affected by cholera treated (400 estimated)
  • 1 million people, at least half of them children, provided with essential drugs, including for malaria treatment

WASH

  • 200,000 people accessing at least 7.5 litres of clean water for cooking, drinking and personal hygiene
  • 350,000 people provided with information on key hygiene practices

Child protection

  • 100,000 children and adolescents affected by the crisis benefitting from critical child protection services

Education

  • 200,000 school-aged children and adolescents accessing formal or non-formal education opportunities
  • 3,000 teachers trained on education in emergencies and disaster risk reduction

Communication for development

  • 150,000 children and adolescents reached with messages on peace, life skills and key family practices

In line with the 2018 inter-agency humanitarian strategy, UNICEF will continue to respond to the humanitarian needs of women and children in Burundi, and strive to maintain the fragile development gains made prior to the 2015 crisis. UNICEF will support the Government of Burundi to restore and/or strengthen public service delivery nationwide and address the needs of returnees and internally displaced persons in areas of return and displacement, as well as host communities affected by the ongoing political, economic and protection crises. UNICEF will provide a package of interventions for up to 1 million children, including access to lifesaving health and nutrition prevention and treatment, access to safe water, promotion of key hygiene practices, and the provision of risk-informed child protection and education services. UNICEF will continue to strengthen its mechanisms for engaging communities, including by facilitating dialogue and mobilizing local people to foster peacebuilding and social cohesion, and building the resilience of systems and communities by increasing emergency preparedness and multi-sectoral response. As part of its social policy work, UNICEF will closely monitor resource allocation to the social sectors and continue to advocate for access to essential social services for child survival and the protection of children and women.

Results from 2017

As of 30 October 2017, UNICEF had US$12.5 million available against the US$18.5 million appeal (67 per cent funded).9 In 2017, UNICEF provided an integrated package of interventions in the most-affected provinces, including areas of displacement and return. When needed, development funding was reallocated to ensure the implementation of key humanitarian response activities, particularly in the areas of education and protection. In total, UNICEF reached 21,500 children and adolescents with critical child protection services and provided essential therapeutic feeding treatment to 43,500 children with SAM. UNICEF strategically resupplied government stocks of essential malaria drugs to ensure that 1,075,000 people, including 825,000 children, received adequate and timely life-saving treatment for malaria and cholera. The UNICEF water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) response addressed current vulnerabilities, while also building resilience, particularly in cholera- and malnutrition-prone areas.10 Some 49,000 affected people accessed safe and clean water with UNICEF support and some 172,000 people received hygiene supplies and life-saving information in areas affected by malaria and cholera. With available funding, UNICEF and the Ministry of Education provided 68,500 school-aged children, including internally displaced and returnee children, with access to formal and non-formal learning opportunities.

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Funding requirements

In line with Burundi's US$96,000,000 inter-agency Humanitarian Response Plan, UNICEF is requesting US$26,000,000 to meet the humanitarian needs of children in Burundi in 2018. Without adequate funding, UNICEF will be unable to scale up its humanitarian response to address the increasing needs of women and children in the context of heightened vulnerability, epidemics, food insecurity, child malnutrition, recurrent floods and displacement.

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1 Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, '2018 Burundi Humanitarian Needs Overview', OCHA, 2017.
2 Ibid.
3 Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, 'Burundi Humanitarian Response Plan 2018', OCHA, 2017.
4 Ibid.
5 United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, November 2017.
6 Assessments were conducted in October 2017.
7 Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affa irs, '2018 Burundi Humanitarian Needs Overview', OCHA, 2017.
8 Ibid.
9 Available funds include US$4.5 million raised against the current appeal and US$8 million carried forward from the previous year.
10 In addition to humanitarian assistance, UNICEF is improving preparedness through capacity building of community workers, pre-positioning of supplies and the construction of water points/latrines in health and nutrition centres.