UNICEF – Humanitarian Action for Children - Bangladesh

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Bangladesh map
UNICEF photo © UNICEF Bangladesh/2018/Sokol

Bangladesh

In 2018, UNICEF and partners plan for:
300,000

children accessed psychosocial support

950,000

people ( >1 year) received oral cholera vaccine

600,000

people accessed safe drinking water, culturally appropriate latrines, washing facilities & received support to improve hygiene practices

2018 Requirements: US$149,778,187

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Snapshot

Total affected population: 1.3 million1
Total affected children (<18): 703,0002

Total people to be reached in 2018: 1 million3
Total children to be reached in 2018: 540,0004

During the second half of 2017, renewed violence in Rakhine State, Myanmar, drove an estimated 687,000 Rohingya, including 371,000 children, across the border into Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh.5 These refugees are highly vulnerable, living in overcrowded camps and many have experienced severe psychosocial trauma. Existing basic services, especially water and sanitation services are overwhelmed leading to unsanitary conditions and increased risk of disease outbreaks.6 The nutrition situation is of grave concern, high percentage of children are suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM).7 An estimated 500,000 children need education, protection and psychosocial support.8 Both refugees and host communities are also susceptible to environmental hazards associated with annual cyclone and monsoon season from April to November, which also affects other parts of the country. Nationally, approximately 60 per cent of Bangladesh is susceptible to floods. Cyclones and stormsurges are common events in coastal areas with devastating effects on people’s lives and properties.

Humanitarian strategy

2018 [9] programme targets

Nutrition

  • 24,546 children (< 5 years) with SAM treated10
  • 63,958 pregnant and lactating women received infant and young child feeding counselling and messaging
  • 236,252 children (6-59 months) received Vitamin A supplementation

Health

  • 950,000 people ( >1 year) received oral cholera vaccine
  • 98,816 children (0-11 months) received Penta3 vaccine
  • 3,600 sick newborn treated
  • 5,000 pregnant women received HIV testing & counselling

WASH

  • 600,000 people accessed safe drinking water, culturally appropriate latrines, washing facilities & received support to improve hygiene practices

Child protection

  • 300,000 children accessed psychosocial support
  • 10,000 c hildren at risk, including unaccompanied and separated children, received case management services
  • 10,000 people accessed GBV services11

Education12

  • 202,279 children (4-14 year) enrolled in non-formal/formal education including early learning
  • 77,150 adolescents (15-18 year) enrolled in non-formal/formal education including life-skills & technical vocational education training

Communication for Development/accountability mechanisms

  • 300,000 people engaged through information dissemination, social mobilisation & accountability mechanisms

UNICEF’s humanitarian response in Cox’s Bazar is aligned with the 2018 Joint Response Plan and based on four key strategies while working closely with government and partners linking humanitarian and development programmes for sustained results. First approach is lifesaving service delivery in refugee camps including safe water, sanitation, hygiene promotion, vaccination and health services for children and pregnant women, treatment of severely malnourished children, protection services for most at-risk population including prevention of sexual violence and abuse, case management, psychosocial support and provision of non-formal education. C4D interventions support all activities with an emphasis on community engagement and accountability to affected populations. Targeted cash assistance will be linked to service delivery on need basis. Second approach focuses on host communities in Ukhiya and Teknaf, addressing needs and promoting social cohesion, including enhancing existing government’s service delivery to ensure similar service delivery in refugee camps and host communities. Third approach focuses on system strengthening and accelerating programme implementation across the entire Cox’s Bazar district. The fourth approach is to strengthen government service delivery across the country through preparedness and response capacities based on lesson learned.

Results from 2018

As of April 2018, UNICEF has US$67.8 million available against the US$149.7 million13 appeal (45 per cent funded). In 2018, UNICEF significantly scaled up its response, supporting both refugees and host communities. With health activities funded at 64 per cent, as of April 2018, UNICEF vaccinated 431,448 children against diphtheria. Almost 400,000 people gained access to culturally appropriate latrines and washing facilities; nearly 90,000 children aged 4-14 years have been enrolled in emergency non-formal education; and some 142,000 children benefitted from UNICEFsupported psychosocial activities. Initial focus of the emergency response was to provide access to services to as many children and their families in the refugee camps. Dialogue has been initiated to support the affected host communities through the government strengthening existing UNICEF development programme. Adolescent programming and specialized care for the most vulnerable cases will be enhanced in the coming months.

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Funding requirements

In line with Bangladesh’s 2018 inter-agency JRP, UNICEF is requesting US$149,778,187 to meet the immediate life-saving and longer-term development needs of Rohingya refugees, and affected host communities in 2018. These funds will enable UNICEF to provide essential WASH, health, nutrition, protection and education services. A lack of funding will diminish the humanitarian system’s capacity to prepare for and respond to sudden onset disasters/epidemics. The appeal takes into consideration the US$25.3 million requirement for the months of January and February in the previous inter-agency JRP (September 2017 to February 2018), and US$113 million which is aligned with the 2018 JRP.

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1 This includes 336,000 affected people from host communities and 80,000 people as a contingency.
2 2018 Joint Response Plan (JRP) for Rohingya Humanitarian Crisis, March-December 2018.
3 This is combination of the OCV target (aged 1 year and above) and Penta3 vaccines (less than 1 year).
4 54 per cent of the population to be reached is children, JRP March 2018.
5 Inter Sector Coordination Group (ISCG) Situation Update, 12 April 2018.
6 JRP, March 2018.
7 SAM prevalence is 7.5% in Kutupalong Registered Camp,3.0% in Makeshift and spontaneous camps and 1.3% in Nayapara Refugee Camp, Emergency Health and Nutrition SMART survey, October-November 2017, CXB Nutrition Sector.
8 JRP, March 2018.
9 UNICEF aligned its programme targets with the 2018 JRP. All targets are from January-December 2018 except nutrition which is March-December 2018 to be in line with the sector.
10 Target revised for the camps from 50,119 to 24,000 based on nutrition survey results and redistribution of work with other partners in the sector. IYCF and vitamin A supplementation coverage has been increased.
11 New indicator aimed to highlight GBV prevention activities and programmes for GBV prevention and response services.
12 Targets revised based on sector assessment in the JRP. UNICEF will cover at least 53% of sector targets.
13 Available funds include US$39.3million carried forward from the previous year.