UNICEF – Humanitarian Action for Children - Angola

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Map of Angola
UNICEF photo: Two children in purple looks at camera © UNICEF/2017/N. Wieland Children seeking shelter in Angola's Lunda Norte province after fleeing violence in the Kasai Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Angola

In 2018, UNICEF and partners plan for:
125,000

people accessing the agreed quantity of water for drinking, cooking and personal hygiene

275,000

children under 5 screened for malnutrition

15,000

children aged 6 months to 14 years vaccinated against measles

2018 Requirements: US$14,660,000

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Snapshot

Total affected population: 700,000
Total affected children: 408,1001

Total people to be reached in 2018: 479,000
Total children to be reached in 2018: 275,000

Southern Angola is experiencing a chronic nutrition crisis stemming from the combined impacts of economic shock, limited rainfall and the deteriorating quality of basic services. Access to water remains limited, with two thirds of water points non-operational in affected areas, and over 700,000 people in need of clean drinking water.2 Although food security has improved, higher prices are constraining access to food and increasing the risk of malnutrition for thousands of children. Many of these children are still experiencing the impacts of the El Niño phenomenon, which left 756,000 people in need of food assistance.3 The rainy season, which is associated with displacement and extensive flooding, will likely give rise to illness and water-borne diseases, particularly cholera. Between January and October 2017, 490 cholera cases were reported.4 Escalating violence in the Kasai region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo has forced civilians to seek refuge in Angola's Lunda Norte Province, and more than 26,700 people require food assistance.5 Camp conditions are poor due to overcrowding, torrential rains and heightened risk of disease outbreaks. The situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo could cause a new refugee influx into Angola in 2018 and will require continued attention and preparedness.

Humanitarian strategy

2018 programme targets

Nutrition

  • 275,000 children under 5 screened for malnutrition
  • 43,000 children aged 6 to 59 months with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) admitted for treatment

WASH

  • 125 ,000 people accessing safe water as per agreed standards
  • 125,000 people accessing the agreed quantity of water for drinking, cooking and personal hygiene
  • 470,000 people reached with key messages on hygiene practices

Education

  • 14,000 children accessing education services

Child potection

  • 5,000 children accessing child-friendly spaces
  • 190 children reached with child protection services
  • 25,000 people reached with key protection messages

Health

  • 15,000 children aged 6 months to 14 years vaccinated against measles
  • 400 cholera cases managed

UNICEF will work with the Government, particularly the national emergency and disaster management group, under the leadership of the Ministry of Interior and in collaboration with the national civil protection department and international nongovernmental organizations. Resilience strategies will be integrated into the country programme to sustain results for children. UNICEF will expand, decentralize and tailor its response by strengthening systems and investing in sub-national capacities to increase access to quality basic services. The Government will coordinate the implementation of the cholera outbreak response plan under the leadership of the Ministry of Health and the provincial health directorates and with UNICEF, World Health Organization (WHO) and partner support. UNICEF will continue to monitor daily epidemiological data and support active case finding for disease outbreaks, especially measles and cholera. UNICEF will support local authorities to comply with treatment protocols, health norms, biosecurity measures and stock management in hospitals and treatment centers, and will resupply government stocks of essential drugs and vaccines for emergency situations. Refugee populations will be supported, including with integration programmes, through the Ministry of Social Welfare and provincial governments, in close collaboration with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the World Food Programme (WFP) and other partners.

Results from 2017

As of 31 October 2017, UNICEF had US$9.9 million6 available against the US$20.7 million appeal (48 per cent funded). In 2017, UNICEF screened 189,305 children for malnutrition and admitted 24,923 children under 5 years into therapeutic treatment programmes. Due to limited funding, UNICEF was not able to meet the targets for providing nutrition screening services to at-risk children and child protection services related to violence against children. A total of 284,184 people in humanitarian situations gained access to safe water. Targets were exceeded in hygiene promotion and water provision due to the scaled-up response to cholera and integrated programming. Hygiene promotion, including nutrition- and child protection-related messages reached 550,519 people. UNICEF provided technical support to the Ministry of Health to improve surveillance and strengthen case management for the cholera response. UNICEF also provided safe water and appropriate sanitation and expanded life-saving support to refugee populations in Lunda Norte, vaccinating 13,694 children against measles. A total of 2,505 children accessed child-friendly spaces on a weekly basis and 529 teachers were trained to respond to the needs of learners affected by emergencies. UNICEF also participated in sector working groups to contribute to the delivery of services in both drought- and flood-affected areas.

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Funding requirements

In 2018, UNICEF Angola requires US$14,660,000 to address the needs of refugee children and the ongoing vulnerability of Angolan women and children at risk of water-borne diseases and facing protracted drought, exacerbated by the economic and financial crisis. Adequate and predictable funding is needed to support the national response, which includes treating acute malnutrition, strengthening WASH interventions, scaling up response interventions in health, education and child protection and providing life-saving assistance to refugee children and women.

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1 Calculated based on figures from the Angola Census 2014, taking 58.1 per cent for the child population.
2 Projection for 2018 based on 2017 Vulnerability Assessment Committee results.
3 Vulnerability Assessment Committee Results, 2017, available at: www.humanitarianresponse.info/system/files/documents/files/sadc_angola_2017.pdf, accessed 24 November 2017.
4 Government of Angola Ministry of Health, 'Cholera Weekly Bulletin', 10 September 2017.
5 Inter-Agency Update Operational Update, available at: https://data2.unhcr.org/en/documents/download/60759, accessed 26 November 2017.
6 Available funds include US$3.9 million raised against the current appeal and US$6 million carried forward from the previous year.