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HIV & AIDS and Children

Global Commitments on Children and HIV / AIDS

© UNICEF/ HQ04-0700/Pirozzi
Victoria, 11 months, sits in her crib, abandoned to institutional care as a result of AIDS, in the western port city of Kaliningrad.

UNICEF is mandated by the United Nations General Assembly to advocate for the protection of children's rights, to help meet their basic needs and to expand their opportunities to reach their full potential. UNICEF is guided by the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), and strives to establish children's rights as enduring ethical principles and international standards of behaviour towards children.

HIV and AIDS remains a clear and specific focus area of UNICEF’s business plan—the 2014-2017 Medium Term Strategic Plan (MTSP). The organization's efforts contribute to achieving global targets articulated in HIV specific international agreements including:

In practice, combined efforts between HIV/AIDS and maternal and child health create synergies that have the potential to produce better results for children and their families.  

HIV and AIDS is closely linked to wider maternal and child health MDGs:

  • MDG 4, which calls for a two-thirds reduction in the mortality rate for children under five
  • MDG 5, which calls for a three quarters reduction in maternal mortality

Several global initiatives support synergies across the MDGs, which also guide UNICEF’s HIV response:



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