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Participation resource guide

Involvement in political decision-making


Participation in the media

Youth Journal
ECPAT International,2008  Edited by: Vimala A. Crispin, Melissa Richter, Jenna Davey-Burns

 In ECPAT’s first Youth Journal each article has been written by a young person and provides valuable insight into youth perspectives and recommendations from around the world for engaging children and young people in advocacy and other initiatives against the commercial sexual exploitation of children.

Children and young people must have opportunities to express their views, advocate for their own rights, assist their peers and influence decision-making on issues that affect them. In this way they can contribute to their own protection and to the overall development of their communities. A total of 27 articles were submitted by youth ranging from 14 to 25 years of age in 4 different languages from 6 different regions, including South Asia, East Asia and the Pacific, Africa, Latin America, Western Europe and Eastern Europe and the CIS.

Innovative Practices of Youth Participation in Media
A research study on twelve initiatives from around the developing and underdeveloped
regions of the world by Sanjay Asthana, Ph.D. Assistant Professor, College of Mass Communication
School of Journalism, Middle Tennessee State University, USA UNESCO 2006

This book will be useful as a research and reference guide to community-based media centers, media education practitioners, non- governmental organizations, policy-makers, planners, media professionals, social activists, researchers. A direct contribution of the book are the several examples that can be adapted and/or replicated by various initiatives as they embark on building youth media program around the world. A major goal of UNESCO pertains to media education and youth development. Over the last couple of years, numerous program and projects have been developed to explore youth involvement in media. Presently, young people are increasingly being excluded from participation in media. In this context, participation becomes a key notion that needs to be nurtured. UNESCO has identified youth participation in media as a key strategy that needs to be strengthened at various levels – local, regional, national, and international. These principles are articulated in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and other key documents. The several youth-led initiatives presented in this book offer some good examples of young people’s involvement in the media. The study explores the various kinds of innovative uses and participation of youth in media in different cultural contexts, and demonstrates that young people, working with a range of media materials, produce innovative content through dialogue and discussions.

Turn Up the Volume
Plan International, 2007 United Kingdom
Plan International operates close to 60 youth media projects in over 30 developing countries and in a number of developed countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America. Plan’s approach to media work is rights-based and child-centred. This approach puts children, their views, their needs and their rights at the centre. Through its youth media projects, Plan works to ensure that children have a say - and that what they say is listened to and acted on. Young people are supported to take actions to improve their lives and the lives of other children and young people. This rights-based media projects can change adults’ perceptions of children and create opportunities to confront difficult problems like abuse and exploitation. This project also encourages them to engage in other processes in society, and apply some of the teamwork and problem-solving skills they have acquired.

Hear My Voice: Plan’s Child Media Program
Plan International,2004
Hear my voice reports on Plan’s media programs in the developing world, which are providing children with a platform to express themselves. These programs assist young people in developing a relevant range of non-technical vocational skills such as communication skills, team work, creativity, confidence and powers of self expression. The media projects aim to contribute to changing mentalities and behavior, and the image of children in their community. Children’s voices are, and will be, heard not only ‘on air’ but also in the decision-making process. Information and participation will in the long run empower children, prevent exploitation and help them become active members of society. All of Plan’s media projects intend to meet these challenges. This report looks at children speaking out through video, radio, print and new technology.

Children and Young People As Citizens Partners For Social Change.
Children and Young People As Citizens for Social Change (1)
Learning From Experience. Safe the Children

During the past decade Save the Children has focused on partnerships with local NGOs to emphasize, besides capacity building and organization development, the need of strengthening civil society organizations and developing empowering sustainable initiatives to fulfill children's rights. The prevailing conclusion is that without adult facilitation children in Child Clubs are capable and equipped to take initiatives on issues concerning them and to offer ways to realize these through their active participation in civil society.

Children and Young People As Citizens Partners For Social Change.
Children and Young People as Citizens: Partners for Social Change (2)

The second booklet in this series focuses on a process approach, one that is required to create a culture of listening to children, and explores the process of engaging with children and young people in the community context. The need to support and strengthen the development of inclusive children's organizations is emphasized, as is the need to build bridges between adult decision-makers and children’s representatives. The main areas of Save the Children and their NGO partners' work in relation to children's role in civil society are, among other things, supporting the development and functioning of children's organizations, enabling children's participation in governance and creating opportunities and capacity for children as researchers, facilitators, trainers and media journalists.

Children and Young People as Citizens: Partners for Social Change
Learning From Experience. Safe the Children Claire O’ Kane 
Series Three

 This third booklet of the three-part “Children and Young People as Citizens: Partners for Social Change” series opens with a summary of positive outcomes from child participation and citizenship work and also  good example for NGOs to explore their experiences ,the critical issues and their vision. The richness of these experiences is shown through extensive case studies and examples describing the processes, mechanisms and lessons learned from participation at varied levels and in different sectors. It highlights the many diverse and creative ways in which children organize themselves, let their voices be heard and create change in their lives, appropriate to their different cultures and situations. These experiences of children are enriched with analysis, reflections and lessons learned that are important for all organizations working to promote children’s participation and rights.

Children and Young People as Citizens: Partners for Social Change
Learning From Experience. Safe the Children Claire O’ Kane 

 This Overview to the three-part “Children and Young People as Citizens: Partners for Social Change” series aims to reflect on Save the Children Alliance and its partners’ experiences with children and young people’s participation and citizenship in South and Central Asia and to make some suggestions for promoting and building capacity in promoting children and young people’s participation and citizenship rights. While taking their evolving capacity into consideration, girls and boys are recognized as human beings with rights to participate in decisions that affect their lives.
Children’s participation is a principle of rights-based programming. Children are right holders who can play an active role in increasing fulfilment of their other rights to survival, protection and development.

Chambers, Stanley, et al., We’re in Print: The whole story by kids for kids, GRAPEs, New York, 1996.

This book was compiled by the Global Reports Artists Producers Editors (GRAPEs), a group of young writers and artists who made their voices heard through print media. Through their experiences, they provide suggestions, advice, ideas and tools for other young people.

von Feilitzen, Cecilia and Catharina Bucht, Outlooks on Children and Media, Yearbook 2001, Nordicom, ISBN 91-88471-09-1, Sweden, 2001.
This yearbook gives an outline of children and media in the world focusing on current trends in media literacy. It presents the existing knowledge of children and media and efforts made to realize children’s rights in the media. It provides resources on children and media, including information on relevant conferences, declarations, organizations and websites.

von Feilitzen, Cecilia and Ulla Carlsson (eds.), Promote or Protect? Perspectives on media literacy and media regulations, Yearbook 2003, ISBN 91-89471-23-7, Nordicom, Sweden, 2003.
This yearbook contributes reflections on measures to promote the media competence of children, young people and adults, and to protect them from potentially harmful media contents. Discussed issues include parental responsibility, awareness of children’s rights among media professionals, effectiveness of media regulations and children’s participation in media. It concludes that a variety of approaches is needed to maximize children and young people’s participation in the media and to minimize potential risks.

Gigli, Susan, Children, Youth and Media Around the World: An overview of trends and issues, InterMedia and UNICEF, 2004.
This report, presented at the World Summit on Media for Children and Adolescents, provides an overview of trends and issues concerning young people and the media. It is based on a review of existing print and electronic sources, interviews with child media experts from different regions worldwide and InterMedia’s surveys.

Save the Children, Participation of Latin American Child and Adolescent Communicators, In preparation for the Fourth World Summit on Media for Children and Adolescents, Save the Children Sweden, Regional Programme for Latin America and the Caribbean, 2004.
This report outlines the learning processes and recommendations of child communicators from Brazil, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Paraguay and Peru during the World Summit on Media for Children and Adolescents in 2004 in Rio de Janeiro. This forum provided an opportunity for over 150 young people to convene and express their opinions on the media and influence the final outcome of the

Shuey, Elissa, Young People in the Media: A review of young people’s participation in the media in UNICEF projects for the East Asia and Pacific region, UNICEF EAPRO, Bangkok, 2004.
This report provides an overview of projects involving children and young people in the media. It includes an analysis of the issues and challenges for genuine and effective participation of youngpeople in the media.

UNICEF, The Media and Children’s Rights: A resource for journalists by journalists, UNICEF and MediaWise, UK, 2005.
This resource provides information about children’s rights for journalists. It was compiled by MediaWise for UNICEF based on practical experiences of the journalists.

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