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UNICEF History


Historical monographs provide researchers with an overview of UNICEF's landmark achievements from the first four decades.

Monographs in English



Monograph I - Development Education in UNICEF

By Jeanne Vickers; Origins of Dev. Ed.; Establishment of DevEd Resource Centre; Study Trip to Sri Lanka; Workshops and Seminars; DevEd and International Year of the Child; The Hart/Fernig Report, 1980; Study Trip to Jamaica, 1982; Role of NGOs; DevEd and External Relations Policy; 1984 Zurich and Budapest Seminar; 1985 Lisbon Meeting; Beyond 1985

Monograph II - A Historical Perspective on National Committees for UNICEF in Europe

By Doris Phillips; Origins and Growth of the Nat Coms; Historical relations and coordination with the Secretariat; Servicing and financing Nat Coms; Relations with NGOs; Coordinating Mechanisms: Reunions; Workshops; Nat Com Public Info methods

Monograph III - Programme Assistance to European Countries

By Burhan B. Ilercil; Expenditure year; Country category; Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Yugoslavia; Tables

Monograph IV - UNICEF in the Americas: For the Children of Three Decades

By Kenneth E. Grant; A look at the early days and the organization; The start of operations and programmes in the 1950s; Application of health and social services in the 1960s; Further efforts in the 1970s; Epilogue on the 1980s; Annexes

Monograph V - NGO/UNICEF Co-operation: A Historical Perspective

By Dr. Alba Zizzamia; Early history; Advocacy; Fundraising; Major programme areas; Field level; NGO C'ttee on UNICEF; Annexes

Monograph VI - UNICEF in Africa, South of the Sahara: A Historical Perspective

By Michel Iskander; Beginning 1948-1959; Health programmes; Transition in the 1960s; Expansion in the Second Development Decade

Monograph VII - UNICEF and Women: The Long Voyage

By Virginia Hazzard; Historical Perspective; In the Beginning: Women's issues; Training, Health, Planning and Approaches in the 1960s; Role of women in the early 1970s; Progress from 1975-1985; A look to the future; Annexes

Monograph VIII - Water and Sanitation in UNICEF, 1946-86

By Martin G. Beyer and John Balcom; Technological and social strategies; Challenges and targets for Asia, Africa, the Middle East and the Americas 1968-1986; Outlook on children, water & environment

Monograph IX - UNICEF in Education: A Historical Perspective

By H. M. Phillips; State of Education prior to 1961; Expansion and Cooperation in Education 1962-1972; Redefinition and revision 1972-mid 1980s; Summary Assessment and Impact 1960-1985

Monograph X - UNICEF in Asia: A Historical Perspective

By Wah Wong; Policies on China and other Asian countries 1947-1950; Campaign blitz on Maternal and Child Health, disease, vaccination 1950-1960; Transition in organization, planning and control 1960-1970; The Maturing Years: 1970-1980; The Child Survival and Development Era: 1980--; Statistical tables

Monograph XI - Henry R. Labouisse: UNICEF Executive Director, 1965-1979

By John Charnow and Sherwood G. Moe; Biographical Note, Pre-UNICEF Interviews; As Executive Director: Early Years, Programme Matters, Personal Characteristics and Approach

Monograph XII - UNICEF in the Middle East and North Africa: A Historical Perspective

By Michel G. Iskander; the Beginnings; Emergency in Palestine; Disease; Maternal and Child Health; Planning; Education; Nutrition; New Approaches for Programming; Advocacy for Children in the Gulf States; Tragedy in Lebanon

Monograph XIII - Maurice Pate, UNICEF Executive Director 1947-65

By John Charnow; Maurice Pate: The Person and his Experience; Main Forces Leading to the Creation of UNICEF; UNICEF: 1947-1950; Expanding the Scope of UNICEF; Programme Field; Financial Planning; Nat Coms and NGOs: Labouisse as a successor; Annexes

Monograph XIV - Urban Basic Services in UNICEF: A Historical Overview

By William Cousins; Urbanization in the Third World; Background of Urban Basics, 1946-1962; First Phase of the Urban Programme 1968-1975; Expansion Phase 1975-1982; Consolidation Phase 1984-1989; Urban Primary Health Care: UNICEF Collaboration with WHO and OXFAM; Collaboration with World Bank; Collaboration with ILO on Working and Street Children; Consequences of Urban Basics Programmes

Monographs in French



Monographie I - L' histoire de l'éducation au développment a l'UNICEF

Origines de l'éducation au développement à 1'UNICEF: au milieu des années 70; 1976 : Mise en route du programme; 1977 : L'expérience française commence; 1978 : Les pochettes d'éducation au développement font leur apparition; 1979 : L'éducation au développement pendant 1'AIE; 1980 : Le Rapport Hart/Fernig; 1981 : Voyage d'étude en Jamaïque; 1982 : Un concept en évolution; 1983 : L'éducation au développement dans la politique de relations extérieures de 1'UNICEF; 1984 : Groupe de réflexion de Zurich et Séminaire de Budapest; 1985 : La réunion de Lisbonne; Au-delà de 1985 : Répondre à un impératif

Monographie II - Historique des Comités Nationaux pour l'UNICEF en Europe

Origine et croissance des comités nationaux; mécanismes de coordination.

Monographie VI - L'UNICEF dans les pays de l'Afrique au Sud du Sahara : une perspective historique

Les debuts de l'UNICEF 1948-1959; les années soixante: la décennie des grands changements; consolidation et élargissement: la deuxième décennie du développement.

Monographs in Spanish



Monografía IV - UNICEF en las Americas: Para la Infancia de Tres Decenios

UNICEF en las Americas; El caminante sin camine; Los primeros años; La Organización; La operación se pone en marcha; El decenio de 1950: comienzan las operaciónes; El Decenio de 1960: comienzo de una gran obra; El decenio de 1970: independencia de actuación; emergencias

UNICEF History Paper

UNICEF in Bellagio: A Memoir
By Dr. Herman Stein. The Bellagio Conference was a turning point in UNICEF's history, when it emerged as an empowered international agency functioning with growing independence from the other UN entities. The Bellagio Conference also  brought child welfare issues into national policy agendas for the first time, critically influencing UNICEF's expanding mandate up until the present day. Includes introduction by former UNICEF Deputy Executive Director Kul Gautam.



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