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Zimbabwe Floods Up-date

© Richard Nyamanhindi 19/02/2014
Limited learning and recreation is available for the children in the 2,514 affected households at the transit sites and the relocation site.

There is currently little risk of the Tokwe Mukosi Dam bursting, according to national authorities.

An estimated 2,514 households affected by rising river levels upstream from the dam are being moved to a relocation site via 5 transit points. To date around 650 households have been relocated.

While the provision of aid is being stepped up, significant humanitarian needs remain at the transit points and relocation site, especially in the sectors of water, sanitation, health, shelter, education and food.

With the declaration of a State of Disaster and the Government’s launching of a US$20 million Emergency Appeal, humanitarian partners are developing an emergency response plan targeting urgent needs to complement Government’s efforts. 

Statistics

  • 2,514 affected households
  • 650 households moved to the relocation sites
  • 1,864 households still to be moved
  • US$3.5m estimated to be required for the response
  • US$0.8m available in the Emergency Response Fund

Situation

Affected communities have been directed to gather at five designated transit points: Zunga Primary School and Zifunze Secondary School in Chivi district; and Gunikuni shopping centre, Gororo Secondary School and Rarangwe Primary School in Masvingo district. From these transit points transportation is being provided to the relocation site; however, households require support in reaching the transit sites. 

According to a joint assessment conducted on 14 February, there are an average of 50 to 80 households at each transit point, and waiting times for transport to the relocation site ranges from 3 to 7 days. While the number of trucks provided by both Government and partners have increased to about 50, more logistical support is required. Each truck can carry about 2 households at a time, and can make the trip twice a day. There is only truck that can transport cattle – about 40 head per trip, which can be undertaken once a day.

Education

Needs:

  • The flooding affected three primary schools (Zunge, Zifunzi and Cheuke in Chivi district) and two secondary schools (Kushinga and Neruvanga in Chivi district). Data on the numbers of school children affected will not be available until registration is completed, but estimates are that 2,000 school-going children will need emergency support. 
  • Limited learning and recreation is available for the children in the 2,514 affected households at the transit sites and the relocation site. 
  • Voluntary separation of some school children have been reported as some parents opted for alternative boarding facilities rather than relocating their school-going children.
  • Out-of-school youths will be identified upon registration.

Response:

  • A recent rapid assessment conducted by UNICEF and Plan International included needs in education. A school site has been identified and UNICEF provided five tents, which were delivered by IOM on 15 February.

 Gaps & Constraints:

  • There is a disruption of learning at the schools currently being used as transit points.
  • Approximately 1,000 pupils have been separated from their parents and are staying with relatives to enable them to attend school.
  • Furniture, stationery and supplies are required for an estimated 2,000 children at three sites (including early childhood development kits and school in a box kits.
  • There are gaps in shelter, equipment and supplies for learning. The establishment of early childhood development centers is being considered.

Protection

Needs:

  • Protection issues at both the transit points and relocation site remains a concern.
  • Vulnerable people, particularly the elderly, widows and child-headed households traumatized by the movement require psycho-social support.
  • Voluntary separation has been described by various community members. This was designed to manage the family’s limited resources and to adapt to the limited availability of social services such as schooling.
  • Services need to cater for adolescents and out-of-school youth is needed.
  • Security is required at the relocation site.

Response:

  • About 189 army and police details are manning the transit sites to provide security.
  • Childline is planning to support community counselling and the setting up of systems to manage cases of gender based violence and child abuse.
  • ZRCS is providing some psycho-social support to traumatized families; UNICEF is assessing how it could support partners in the provision of psycho-social support.

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

Needs:

  • Water and sanitation remains a serious concern at the relocation site.

Response:

  • UNICEF water trucking for two weeks commenced at the relocation site and transit points. Temporary water storage containers will be utilized. This will cater for the approximately 650 families currently settled at the relocation site.
  • 22 latrines have been installed at the relocation site by ZRCS.
  • Through the support of humanitarian partners, including UNICEF, Action Contre La Faim (ACF) and Welthungerhilfe (WHH), all WASH needs are currently being met at the transit points.
  • A total of 2,514 hygiene kits (water treatment tablets and soap) have been distributed, along with hygiene promotion, by UNICEF partnering with WHH.

Gaps & Constraints:

  • Immediate and mid-term needs include water trucking services, additional latrines, borehole drilling (at least 63 boreholes are needed) and water quality analysis.
  • WASH supplies for hygiene and disinfection are required for the transit and relocation sites. Sanitary towels are also required for women.
  • To support hygiene promotion for 2,514 households, materials for behavior change communication are required.
  • More latrines are needed.

For more details go to: TOKWE-MUKOSI

 

 
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