Basic education and gender equality
The Government allocates about 12 per cent of its national budget to primary and secondary education, with most of it going on salaries. There is little left over to spend on improving
Although primary school enrolment figures remain high (over 90 per cent), quality of education is a major challenge, evidenced by the fact that almost 60 per cent of pupils do not pass the exams that enable them to go on to secondary school. More than one million young people of secondary school age are out of school and have few prospects of finding a job. Inequalities in education are growing, with children from the top wealth quintile being three times more likely to attend secondary school than children from the bottom quintile. Although there is gender parity at primary level, girls make up only 35 per cent of pupils in upper secondary. School fees and levies have disadvantaged the poorest children.
Improve learning and teaching materials, support teacher training and motivate teachers and encourage the adoption of the Child Friendly School model.
Education Transition Fund
UNICEF-supported interventions, funded through the Education Transition Fund (ETF), comprise three pillars - School and System Governance, Teaching and Learning, and Second Chance Education. Specific actions include: