Maternal and newborn health
Giving birth, a most natural thing, is far too often a life-and-death challenge for women in West and Central Africa.
At the present rate of progress, the region will fall well short of the Millennium Development Goal target for maternal mortality reduction (MDG 5).
Countries of the region account for more than 30 per cent of global maternal deaths, from just ten per cent of the world population, and 162,000 women died of pregnancy- or childbirth-related causes in 2005.
The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) is at 1,100 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. Of the 23 countries in the region with comparable estimates, every country but Cape Verde has an MMR of at least 500, and a third of these countries have an MMR of 1,000 or greater.
Almost two thirds of maternal deaths in the region occur in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Niger and Nigeria – which together account for approximately 20 per cent of all maternal deaths worldwide. Sierra Leone holds the highest maternal mortality ratio in the world, at 2,100.
The riskiest region to give birth in the worldWomen in the region are 470 times more likely to die from pregnancy and childbirth complications than a mother living in the industrialized world.
The risk of death from complications relating to pregnancy and childbirth over the course of a woman's lifetime (lifetime risk of maternal death) averages 1 in 17; in Niger the lifetime risk is as high as 1 in 7, the worst in the world, and in Sierra Leone it is little better, at 1 in 8.
Every day, 460 women die of pregnancy- or childbirth-related causes (1500 for the world) and more than 9,000 suffer from pregnancy-related illness or experience other severe consequences.
Newborn health: regional patterns of neonatal death correlate to those for maternal deathWest and Central Africa has one of the highest rates of neonatal death in 2004: 44 per 100,000.
6 countries of the top ten countries with highest neonatal mortality rates are in the region (Liberia (66), Côte d’Ivoire (64), Sierra Leone (56), Mali (54), Central African Republic (52).
The rate of reduction of neonatal mortality is much slower than that of the overall under five mortality rate.