UNICEF Bissau Country Programme 2008-2012
© UNICEF Guinea Bissau / G. Pirozzi
The 2008-2012 Country Programme has been designed to contribute to the attainment of the MDGs and the poverty reduction within the national Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) framework. The Programme aims to achieve specific results in four major areas: Child Protection and Rights Promotion; Child Survival; Basic Education and Gender Equality; and HIV/AIDS. Advocacy, Information and Communication; and Monitoring and Evaluation are two cross-cutting strategic components.
In the next five years, the programme will achieve these results:
- A national system of child protection will be in place and operational;
- Strategic information on vulnerable children will be available and data collection mechanisms for child protection indicators conducted on a routine basis;
- Under-five mortality rate will be reduced from 223 to 180 and the infant mortality rate from 138 to 100 per 1,000 live births;
- 30% of households will consume iodized salt;
- 80% of boys and girls will be enrolled in primary school and 60% of them will complete primary education;
- 50% families will adopted good hygiene practices in critical times, use potable water and safe waste disposal;
- 50% of HIV-positive pregnant women who attend ante-natal care will have access to an integrated package of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services and 100% of their newborns will receive quality pediatric care;
- 60% of at-risk adolescents and young people will receive adequate information and relevant life skills to reduce their risk of and vulnerability to HIV/AIDS; and
- children, young people and families will have changed behaviors and attitudes with regard to birth registration, HIV/AIDS prevention, hand-washing, early and exclusive breastfeeding, girls’ education and protection against negative and harmful practices.
The Country programme will be implemented nation-wide in order to ensure equity among all children. Main strategies to reach these children include:
- Delivery of a minimum package of health interventions with community delivery and advanced strategies through campaigns on child survival coupled with social mobilization for behavior change at communities and family levels;
- Capacity building of social services workers;
- Rehabilitation/construction of water points in schools and health centers;
- Iimplementation of the Essential Learning Package in schools, training of teachers in modern teaching methodologies and child rights;
- Increasing access to information on HIV/AIDS, skills and services so as to create an enabling and protective environment for the most at risk adolescents;
- Involvement of community, religious and traditional leaders in planning key activities to secure community ownership and sustainability.
The main strategies will be based on the support of the integration of child protection issues and programmes into the framework of social policies and other national development plans. They include a national policy on child registration at birth, support community-led approaches in tackling harmful practices, strong advocacy and policy dialogue at all levels in order to promote favorable attitudes and protective environment for children.
Nation-wide communication strategy in support to hand washing/hygiene, early and exclusive breast -feeding and use of impregnated mosquito nets will be designed, delivered and sustained for five years. Other issues will be added to the strategy as it progresses , such as malaria, diarrhea diseases and acute respiratory infection. The Programme will reinforce community dialogue facilitated by trusted community leaders, so that parents and care-givers can place the three key behaviors (hand washing, early and exclusive breast-feeding for the first 6 months of the infant life, use of mosquito nets) within the context of their culture and socio-economic status.
UNICEF works with other UN agencies, government partners, community-based organizations, religious and traditional leaders, youth and women's local associations and communities to help children realize their rights to health, education and protection.UNICEF continues to strengthen its collaboration with other United Nations agencies. For community services and advanced strategic interventions for child survival and maternal health, cooperation with WHO and UNFPA are instrumental. For the development of policies in education, improving healthy and safe learning environment, and for quality education, UNESCO, the World Bank and WFP are the major partners. UNDP, UNFPA, WHO, WFP and UNICEF have developed and are implementing a joint HIV/AIDS Programme. Agreements have been signed with Plan International, UNFPA and TOSTAN on the issue of Female Genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C).
Alliances with Community-based Organizations (CBO’s), religious and traditional leaders, youth and women’s organizations and other local associations to tackle sensitive issues affecting protection of children’s and women’s rights continue to be developed and strengthened. In emergency preparedness and response, UNICEF ensures that children’s and women’s rights are respected under the Core Commitment for Children through participation in the United Nations Country Team, together with the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, the Government and other humanitarian actors including the International Committee of the Red Cross, the National Red Cross, Caritas and the Adventist Development and Relief Agency.