Countries | Pays

Countries of West and Central Africa

Pays de l'Afrique de l'Ouest et du Centre

 

UNICEF Mali*

The Country
  • 1.24 million Sq.Km
  • 8 Regions, 54 districts, 703 communes
  • 2 main rivers: Niger & Senegal
  • Sahelo-Saharian climate

The People

  • 13.5 million inhabitants
  • 59.16% are poor
  • 7.4 million child population under 18 years
  • 85% of women are illiterate

The Indicators

  • Under-5 Mortality Rate = 218%o
  • Maternal Mortality Ratio = 580/ooo
  • U5 underweight moderate/severe 33/13.3%
  • Child labour (5-14 years old) 35%
  • Adult HIV/AIDS prevalence 1.7%
  • Immunized with DPT3 85%
  • Immunized with measles vaccines 86%
  • Gross Enrollment Rate 74%
  • Use of improved drinking water : 50%
  • Sanitation coverage: 46%
  • Gross National Income per Capita = 380 US$
  • Human Development Indicator: 0.450 ranked 174th

Main issue affecting child survival protection and development

  • A difficult start in life
  • Low access to quality education, particularly for girls
  • Poor protection from violence, abuse, exploitation and discrimination …
  • … resulting in increased vulnerability to HIV infection and AIDS impact

Main Causes

  • Weak culture of rights among leaders and civil society
  • International Conventions ratified but inadequately applied
  • National policies and strategies inadequately applied, and not child friendly enough
  • Poor performance of basic social services
  • Family and communities not able to provide adequate child care and protection

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

State of Africa's Children 2008

La Siuation des enfants en Afrique| State of Africa's Children

UNICEF in West and Central Africa | UNICEF en Afrique de l'ouest et du centre

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