Cameroon, a lower middle-income country, has launched an ambitious, long-term development plan for economic growth and employment.
UNICEF works to ensure that the rights of children are included in a substantial way in the national plan.
While Cameroon is a signatory to all the major child protection conventions, their application is uneven and draft national legislation that would strengthen the legal protection framework has not yet been adopted.
UNICEF partners with other actors to accelerate progress in this area.
Issues facing children in Cameroon*Cameroon is ranked 18th amongst the 20 countries in the world with the highest mortality for children under the age of five, which stands at 148 per 1,000
*Only 13 per cent of children under five sleep under insecticide-treated nets, and malaria accounts for more than 40 per cent of all deaths in this age group
*Maternal mortality is alarmingly high at 670 per 100,000 births
*Limited access to, and utilization of, prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission (PMTCT) services results in HIV infection to children
*Nationally 30.7 per ent of the population lack access to safe drinking water, and some 66.9 per cent lack adequate sanitation, resulting in regular outbreaks of cholera
*Limited access to quality primary education in four regions (Extreme North, Adamawa, East and North) is characterized by low enrolment rates and significant gender disparities
*Thirty per cent of births are not registered in Cameroon, effectively denying an identity and education to these children.
Activities and results for children
*More than 80 per cent of children under five are vaccinated each year, with UNICEF support