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Study on the correlation between household environmental, household water supply, mothers' hygine behavior for children under 5 and the of child nutrition in Viet Nam

The great achievements of Vietnam in reducing the rate of malnutrition in children were recorded in the National Malnutrition Prevention and Control Program. In 1994, the rate of malnutrition in children under 5 accounted for 45%, and that in 2008 was reduced to 19.9%. UNICEF considered this result impressive, and Vietnam was the country in which the child malnutrition rate was reduced most rapidly in the Asian – Pacific region.

The National Strategy for Nutrition for 2001-2010 was approved with comprehensive aspects for improving child nutritional status. One of the interventions of the National Malnutrition Prevention and Control Program is to apply environmental sanitation, use clean water sources, and ensure routine de-worming, and practice hand-washing before eating, after urinating and defecating. However, up to present, the studies on the relation between the malnutrition of children under 5 and environmental sanitation, clean water sources, and knowledge and practice of mothers on personal hygiene have been insufficient in both quantity and quality. Even in the 2010 General Nutrition Survey, the focus was to study the relation between the factors of breast-feeding, feeding children and the malnutrition of children. The relation between the situation of daily-living water supply, household latrines, KAP on personal hygiene of mothers and the malnutrition of children was not mentioned. Therefore, this study was selected by UNICEF and MOH.

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