Viet Nam has made impressive gains in economic growth and social development over the last 20 years, but these improvements vary widely between place, ethnicity and language group. High neonatal and maternal mortality, malnutrition, poor sanitation and hygiene, poor water quality, increased HIV transmission from mother to child, and child injuries are all continuing threats to child survival.
Viet Nam has made impressive strides toward ensuring all children have access to a quality education. With 96 per cent of six to 11-year-olds enrolled in primary school, the Government is hoping to do the same for lower secondary education in 2010.
The impressive increase in social and economic development over the past 20 years has put new pressures on the Vietnamese family. Not all changes that come with rapid economic development are positive and with an ever-widening gap between rich and poor, more people are moving to cities and migrating all over the country to find work.
Provincial child friendly programme
UNICEF plans to support the government to influence sub-national Socio-Economic Development Plans (SEDPs) in order to ensure that they address women and children’s issues.
Planning and Social Policy
The national poverty rate in Viet Nam fell from 58 per cent in 1993 to 14 per cent in 2008. The economy is one of the fastest growing in the world and the country is a regional and global leader in achieving the Millennium Development Goals, many before the deadline of 2015.