The Convention on the Rights of the Child
On 20 November 1989, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), establishing one set of fundamental rights for all children and young people. With the four core principals of the Convention being: non-discrimination; devotion to the best interests of the child; the right to life, survival and development; and respect for the rights of the child, it sets forth a wide range of provisions that encompass civil rights and freedoms, family environment, basic health and welfare, education, leisure and cultural activities and special protection measures. Today, the CRC is the most widely ratified human rights agreement in the world. It was ratified by 193 states, except the United States and Somalia.
Uzbekistan and the Convention on the Rights of the Child
Soon after independence, in 1992, the Convention on the Rights of the Child was among the very first international conventions ratified by Uzbekistan to guarantee the fulfilment of children’s rights.
The government of Uzbekistan has made significant progress in bringing a considerable amount of wide-ranging international and domestic legislation on child rights into force. On the international level, Uzbekistan has ratified the ILO Convention 138 on the Minimum Age for Admission to Employment as well as the ILO Convention 192 on the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour. Two Optional Protocols to the Convention on the Rights of the Child that concern the sale of children, prostitution and pornography and the involvement of children in armed conflict were also ratified. On the domestic level, a landmark law “On the Guarantees of the Rights of the Child” was introduced in 2008.
UNICEF continues to work with the government of Uzbekistan to support and ensure the full implementation of these international conventions as well as related national laws.
CRC multimedia resources: