Family planning programmes help married couples and individuals to make informed choices about the number of children and timing of pregnancies, as well as providing access to a range of safe and effective birth control methods. Information on fertility preferences is useful for understanding future fertility patterns, its characteristics and the demand for contraception.
15.2% of married women want to have a child/another child soon (within two years); 9.4% want a child/another child two or more years in the future; 15.6% of women are undecided as to when to have a child/another child; and 7.1% declared themselves to be infecund. 50.7% of all married women do not want a child / more children.
Men expressed the wish to have another child within nearest two years more often than women: 19% of men against 15.2% of women.
The majority of women and men prefer an ideal family size of two children.
Generally, both women and men have good knowledge of contraceptive methods, both modern and traditional. The most widely-known modern methods of family planning are: male condoms (99.8% of women and 99.7% of men correspondingly), contraceptive pills (98% and 94.4%), Intrauterine device (95.8% and 82.7% respectively). Both women and men are much less aware of such methods as injectables and implants, diaphragms and rings, foam/jelly, patch and emergency contraception. Both women and men are aware of the traditional methods – withdrawal (95.3% and 94.8% respectively) as well as rhythm method (84.1% and 59.2% respectively).
According to the MICS 2012, almost every second woman aged 15-49 (53.6%) has ever used one or more contraception method and 52% of women are currently using a method of contraception.