Child mortality rates are universally recognized indicators of the nation’s health as they mirror the quality of people’s life and their prosperity, distribution of social and material benefits in the society, environmental status, the level of education and culture, effectiveness of prevention, accessibility and quality of health care.
Since the primary causes of childhood mortality, from biological to environmental factors, change as children grow up. Infant mortality in Ukraine is a fundamental determinant of under-five mortality. The probability of dying reduces drastically after a child reaches his or her first birthday.
It is estimated that the neonatal mortality (data for five-year period preceding the survey which approximately coincides with years 2008-2012) in Ukraine was 4 per 1,000 live births; post-neonatal mortality was 3 per 1,000 live births; under 5 mortality was 7 per 1,000 live births.
According to the МІCS 2012survey findings, child mortality was approaching zero. In other words, the under-five mortality during the five-year period preceding the survey was almost identical with infant mortality rate (7 per 1,000 live births).
It should be noted that neonatal, post-neonatal, infant and under-five mortality rates in rural areas are on average by 1.5 – 2 times higher than in urban areas.