HIV/AIDS and Sexual Behaviour
In Ukraine, knowledge of HIV/AIDS is almost universal: 99.7% of the interviewed women and 99.5% of men have heard of HIV/AIDS.
Both women and men are almost equally aware of the HIV transmission. The percentage of women and men that know both of two main ways of preventing HIV transmission is similar: 90.8% and 90.4% correspondingly. 95.6% of women and 95.2% of men know that having only one faithful uninfected partner reduces their chance of contracting HIV, whereas 93.0% of women and 92.8% of men know that using a condom every time they have sex reduces their chance of contracting HIV.
According to MICS 2012 results, overall 53.8% of women and 46.7% of men were found to have comprehensive knowledge about HIV/AIDS (that is they know the two main ways of HIV prevention, know that a healthy-looking person can have HIV/AIDS, and can reject the two most common misconceptions).
Awareness of mother-to-child transmission of HIV encourages women to seek HIV testing when they are pregnant, in order to avoid passing on the infection to the baby. Women should know that HIV can be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy, during delivery, and through breastfeeding.
Overall, 90.5% of women know that HIV can be transmitted from mother to child, but the percentage of women who know all three ways of mother-to-child transmission is only 50.6%, while 9.2% of women cannot identify a single way.
Men are less aware of information regarding mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Overall, only 73.5% of men know that HIV can be transmitted from mother to child.
Promoting safer sexual behaviour is critical for reducing HIV prevalence. In most of the countries, over half of new HIV infections are among young people aged 15-24. Therefore, to reduce new cases of infection behavioural change within this specific age group is especially important.
The share of women aged 15-24 who had sex before the age 15 was 0.4%, as compared to 1.8% of men aged 15-24.
Sexual behaviour and condom use during sexual intercourse with multiple partners was assessed separately for women and men of 15-24 years of age. More than half of young women (59.8%) and two-thirds of young men (69.0%) reported having ever had sex. Among ages 15-19, 23.2% of women, and 41.9% of men reported having ever had sex. Among ages 20-24, 84.8% of women and 90.5% of men reported having ever had sex. About 5% of young women and 18% of young men reported having more than one sexual partner in the last 12 months.
Overall, 66.5% of young women and 83.9% of young men with more than one sexual partner in the last 12 months reported using a condom during their last sexual intercourse.