Water and Sanitation
Safe drinking water is the prerequisite for good health. On the one hand, unsafe drinking water can carry various diseases, while on the other hand, it can be tainted with chemical and radiological contaminants with harmful effects on human health. Clean drinking water prevents the spread of diseases.
Overall, 98.2% of the population in Ukraine use an improved source of drinking water - 98.6% in urban areas and 97.1% in rural areas.
40.6% of household’s members do not use any water treatment methods, (32.2% in urban areas, and 62.5% in rural areas). Boiling water is used by 39% of household members, (43.9% in cities and towns, and 26.1% in rural communities). Almost one-third of household members – predominantly urban – tend to use water filters to treat water. Quite a popular method is to let water stand and settle – it is used by 13.8% of household members.
An improved sanitation facility is defined as the one that hygienically separates human excreta from human contact. Improved sanitation facilities for excreta disposal include flush or pour flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank, or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit latrine, pit latrine with slab, and use of a composting toilet.
Almost the entire population of Ukraine (98.9%) lives in households that have improved sanitation facilities.
Overall, 95.9% of the household population of Ukraine use improved sources of drinking water and improved sanitation facilities. Accessibility of improved water sources and sanitation for rural residents (93.5%) is lower than that for urban households (96.9%). As for the regional availability of these conditions of comfort living, it is lower in the Centre (92.7%) and in the South (93.5%).