UNITE FOR CHILDREN-- UNICEF

Family and Child Training Programme (FACT) 2001–2005

Note: Pages in this section have been stored solely for archiving purposes. Information contained here refers to the 2001–2005 CPAP. Follow this link for current details about UNICEF programmes in Turkey.


Photograph by Rana Mullan © UNICEF Turkey 2004

FACT aims to support fathers as well as mothers in the development and application of effective childcare skills.
Photograph by Rana Mullan © UNICEF Turkey 2004

Background

Children in poor rural and urban settlements of Turkey face serious health, nutrition and developmental problems. IMR, U5MR and IMCI are unacceptably high: 133 babies and two mothers die every day from avoidable causes. Of children under five years of age, 27% are not registered at birth. Many children are not immunised against preventable killer diseases. A significant percentage of girls do not attend school.

Effective childcare practices are crucial to the healthy development of children: physical health and social and mental alertness are only possible if the development of the child is ensured at home, in the neighbourhood and at school. Childcare services are usually delivered on sectoral lines, such as welfare, health, education and social protection. However, children must be regarded as whole beings, whose survival, growth, psycho-social and cognitive development are intertwined and interdependent. If gaps in services and duplication of work are to be avoided and resources maximised, cooperation between sectors is essential.

FACT aims to:

  • promote the physical, social, emotional and cognitive development of children;
  • increase understanding in three million families of the development and education of children under six years of age;
  • support and empower 400,000 most-at-risk families to improve their childcare practices;
  • promote and support an intersectoral approach in the provision of childcare services.

FACT achieve this by:

  • improving cooperation and partnership between sectors;
  • using existing services and activities to deliver essential childcare training;
  • targeting not just mothers, but families and all child-carers.

FACT is expected to improve the survival, growth, psycho-social and cognitive development of Turkish children through:

  • a significant fall in IMR and U5MR;
  • reducing abuse and neglect of children;
  • reducing levels of malnutrition;
  • improving the health and development of women and children;
  • increasing the birth registration rate;
  • increasing pre-school education, school attendance and the learning performance of children.
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