NSO, UNICEF launch survey findings on the situation of children and women in Thailand
BANGKOK, May 27, 2014 – The National Statistical Office (NSO), UNICEF and other related government agencies today announced the findings of a major 2012 national survey on the situation of children and women in Thailand, the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey: MICS 4, at the Sukosol Bangkok Hotel.
Rajana Netsaengthip, Deputy Director-General of the National Statistical Office, said data from the survey the NSO collected the data from 27,000 households nationwide from September to November 2012. For the first time, tablet PCs were by the NSO in the data collection process, allowing the NSO to have reliable data and better monitor its quality during both collection and processing.
Some of the key findings of the MICS are:Nutrition: about 16 per cent of children under 5 years of age in Thailand are stunted, or too short for their age. Children in the northeastern and southern regions are more likely to be underweight and stunted than children in other regions. About 9 per cent of children are underweight and about 7 per cent of children are too thin for their height. Children from the poorest households have higher rates of stunting and of being underweight.
Breastfeeding: only 12 per cent of infants under the age of 6 months are exclusively breastfed. In Bangkok and central region, the exclusive breastfeeding rate is 8 per cent, which is lower than in other regions. Children born in the richest households are less likely to be exclusively breastfed (9 per cent) compared with those born in the poorest households (16 per cent).
Contraception: the adolescent birth rate of women aged 15-19 is 60 births per 1,000 women. Women with only a primary school education have a much higher birth rate (224 births per 1,000 women) than women a secondary and higher levels of education. Fewer than 1 per cent of women aged 15-19 give birth before the age of 15. In terms of contraceptive use, about 79 per cent of women aged 15-49 years currently married or in union are using a contraceptive method. In addition, contraceptive usage is lowest among women in the southern region (70 per cent). Modern methods of contraception are more popular (77 per cent) than traditional ones (2 per cent).
Child development: about 43 per cent of children are living in households that have at least three children’s books, with the lowest percentage in the northeastern region (34 per cent). Only 24 per cent of children from the poorest households have more than three books at home, compared with 71 per cent of children from the richest households.
Adult literacy: about 98 per cent of women aged 15-24 are literate. Only 48 per cent of women living in households with non-Thai speakers are literate. There are no significant differences in women’s level of literacy in terms of where they live, their age or their socioeconomic status.
Early marriage: About 3 per cent of women aged 15-49 were married before the age of 15. About 15 per cent of women aged 15-19 are currently married or in union, with the highest percentage in the poorest households (23 per cent), in non-municipal areas (19 per cent), in the northeastern region (18 per cent) and among women with only a primary school education (59 per cent). In addition, about 11 per cent of young married women aged 15-19 are married to a partner who is 10 or more years older. This percentage is higher among women with only a primary school education (23 per cent).
Domestic violence: About 13.1 per cent of women aged 15-49 believe their husband/partner has the right to hit or beat them for: neglecting their children (10.8 per cent); going out without telling their husband (4.3 per cent); when they argue with their husband (2 per cent); when they refuse to have sex with their husband (2 per cent); or when they burn food (1 per cent). Domestic violence is more accepted by women in the northeastern region (19.8 per cent), women with only a primary school education (18.8 per cent) and women aged 45-49 (17.6 per cent).