Toolkit on Diversion and Alternatives to Detention

CEE/CIS/Caucasus

• Regional
• Albania
• Azerbaijan
• Bosnia & Herzegovina
• Kazakhstan
• Kyrgyzstan
• Mongolia
• Montenegro
• Serbia
• Tajikistan
• Ukraine
 
Regional
UNICEF CEE/CIS: ' Critical Mass in Juvenile Justice - Guidance Note on Juvenile Justice Programming in the CEE-CIS Region', July 2009 [Word 200kb]
Guidance note designed to reinforce the way in which Country Offices address juvenile justice system reforms, in line with international standards on juvenile justice and in the broader framework of national/sector-wide reforms and child-friendly justice principles set out in the UN Common Approach to Justice for Children.

UNICEF CEE/CIS: 'Documenting good practices in juvenile justice - With a particular emphasis on Critical mass priority areas', 2009 [Word 36kb]
Terms of reference for compilation of good practices in the CEE/CIS region. Contains a useful list of 8 evaluation criteria.

UNICEF CEE/CIS: 'Juvenile Justice System Reform - Assessment Guidelines', 2008 [Pdf 157kb]
Provides a framework and a checklist of issues to be addressed in juvenile justice assessments planned to be undertaken by UNICEF in several countries of CEE/CIS in 2008. Includes reference to diversion and alternatives.

UNICEF CEE/CIS: 'Lost in the Justice System - Children in conflict with the law in Eastern Europe and Central Asia', May 2008 [Pdf 833kb]
Overview of the situation across CEE/CIS region based on country reports and other sources. Includes some information relevant to diversion and alternatives.

UNICEF CEE/CIS: 'Regional and International Indicators on Juvenile Justice: Their Applicability and Relevance in Selected Countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia', July 2009 [Pdf 1.01Mb]
Study based on the findings and conclusions from the juvenile justice assessments undertaken by UNICEF CEE/CIS in 2008 in Albania, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkey and Ukraine regarding data. Includes: the extent to which data corresponding to global and regional indicators exist; problems or difficulties concerning the definition or use of such indicators; availability of data on other indicators of particular relevance to developing juvenile justice systems compatible with child rights. Includes specific information on diversion and alternatives. 
 
Albania
UNICEF CEE/CIS: 'Assessment of Juvenile Justice Reform Achievements In Albania', July 2009 [Pdf 1.27Mb]
Report of an assessment mission in June 2008. Includes information on diversion (p.19) and alternative sentences (pp.24-25).

'Estimating the Cost of Establishing a Probation Service in Albania - draft proposal', OSCE Presence in Albania, 2007 [Word 109kb]
Document which examines probation versus imprisonment costs and provides detailed examples of cost calculations and issues to consider in costing exercises. [Note that this is probation in general, not specific to children].

Azerbaijan
UNICEF CEE/CIS: 'Assessment of Juvenile Justice Reform Achievements In Azerbaijan', July 2009 [Pdf 1.27Mb]
Report of an assessment mission in September 2008. Includes description of a pilot diversion project (pp. 17-19).
 
Bosnia and Herzegovina
'Developing a Juvenile Justice System in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Rights, Diversion and Alternatives', Claire Morris, Global Facilitation Network for Security Sector Reform (GFN-SSR), 2008 [Word 30kb]
2-page summary of a 17-page article outlining opportunities and challenges. Includes references to diversion and alternatives.

'Juvenile justice as a key element of national human rights policy and restorative juvenile justice - recent trends in juvenile delinquency and juvenile justice in Bosnia and Herzegovina', Hajrija Sijerčić-Čolić [Pdf 330kb]
Presentation for the First World Congress on Restorative Juvenile Justice held in Lima, Peru, 4-7 November 2009.

'Gaining Respect: The voices of children in conflict with the law - A contribution to the UN Study on Violence against Children from the International Save the Children Alliance', Save the Children 2006 [Pdf 411kb]
Report of a study exploring the opinions of groups of children who are at risk of, have been, or are in conflict with the law, and recording their recommendations for developing better and more effective justice systems and approaches to children who come into conflict with the law. Includes feedback from children in Bangladesh, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ethiopia, Honduras, the Philippines, Tajikistan and Uganda. Includes findings and recommendations relevant to diversion and alternatives. 
 
Kazakhstan
'Communication Skills for Social Workers - A trainers' manual', Kevin Barnes-Ceeney & Amanda Naylor, VSO & UNICEF Kazakhstan [no date] [Word 1.53Mb]
Series of training exercises to help develop communication skills. Not specific to diversion and alternatives, but included here for general interest.  
 
Kyrgyzstan
UNICEF: 'New protocol underlines alternative sentencing other than imprisonment for child offenders', UNICEF media release, 14 July 2008 [Word 42kb]
Describes the May 2008 Protocol signed between the Government of Kyrgyzstan and UNICEF in relation to the reform of the system in Kyrgyzstan for children in conflict with the law with an emphasis on alternatives and prevention. Briefly outlines a pilot project in Bishkek. 
 
Mongolia
Mongolia: Evaluation of UNICEF Mongolia's Child Protection Programme: Juvenile justice & legislative reform, Jane S. Kim& Oyunbileg Rentsendorj for UNICEF, April 2009
Full report [Pdf 1.46Mb]
Annexes to full report [Pdf 1.04Mb]
Summary report [Pdf 453kb]
Full evaluation report. Useful & comprehensive, especially the annexes, although the full report covers a lot of ground - beyond diversion and alternatives. 
 
Montenegro
'Attendance Order Implementation Rules', Government of Montenegro, Ministry of Justice & UNICEF, May 2007 [Pdf 190kb]
Straightforward official implementation rules: includes sections on: 'Settlement with the victim' (mediation); 'Regular attendance of school or committment to employment'; 'Work without remuneration for humanitarian organizations or social, local community or environment protection work'; 'Submission to examination and alcohol and substance abuse treatment'; 'Individual or group treatment in a health-care institution or a counsel centre'.

'Introduction of the restorative justice concept and victim-offender mediation practice in Serbia and Montenegro within the 'Children’s Chance for Change' project – A juvenile justice reform initiative in Serbia and Montenegro', UNICEF [no date - but after 2006] [Pdf 28kb]
Brief overview of the legislative and policy context and a diversion pilot project, with a particular focus on the mediation component. Includes results and challenges.

'The Rights of Children in Conflict with the Law', Ministry of Justice of Montenegro, Juvenile Justice Reform Commission & UNICEF Montenegro, 2007 [Pdf 232kb]
Sets out international standards, Montenegrin legislation and an overview of the results and achievements in Montenegro. Includes specific information on diversion and alternatives.
'Juvenile Justice Assessment Template to Conduct an Assessment of the Juvenile Justice Systems in the Republics of Serbia and Montenegro in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia', Carol Conragan, UNICEF, October 2001 [Pdf 147kb]
List of sample detailed assessment / evaluation questions for the following stakeholders: police, social workers, judiciary, prosecutors, legislators, corrections, child detainees, government representatives, NGOs and INGOs. Contains specific references to diversion and alternatives. 
 
Serbia
'Introduction of the restorative justice concept and victim-offender mediation practice in Serbia and Montenegro within the 'Children’s Chance for Change' project – A juvenile justice reform initiative in Serbia and Montenegro', UNICEF [no date - but after 2006] [Pdf 28kb]
Brief overview of the legislative and policy context and a diversion pilot project, with a particular focus on the mediation component. Includes results and challenges.

'Guidelines on Strengths of the Child in Conflict with the Law and at Risk and His/Her Social Environment', Dr Jasna Hrnčić, Serbia, June 2005 [Word 81kb]
Guidelines on identifying the strengths of the child and his/her immediate environment.

'Juvenile Justice Assessment Template to Conduct an Assessment of the Juvenile Justice Systems in the Republics of Serbia and Montenegro in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia', Carol Conragan, UNICEF, October 2001 [Pdf 147kb]
List of sample detailed assessment / evaluation questions for the following stakeholders: police, social workers, judiciary, prosecutors, legislators, corrections, child detainees, government representatives, NGOs and INGOs. Contains specific references to diversion and alternatives. 
 
Tajikistan
Tajikistan: Guide to the Establishment and Implementation of the Juvenile Justice Alternatives Project, Children's Legal Centre and UNICEF [Word 605kb]
Very useful and easy to read documentation of the Tajikistan JJAP which has been replicated in other countries. Contains, amongst other things, sample forms, structure diagrams and roles and responsibilities for different actors.

Tajikistan - 'Children’s centres provide an alternative approach to juvenile justice in Tajikistan', UNICEF media release, July 2007 [Word 62kb]
UNICEF media release describing the Tajikistan 'Juvenile Justice Alternatives Project'.

'Promoting children’s rights in the juvenile justice system in the Republic of Tajikistan: Evaluation of the Juvenile Justice Alternatives Projects', Government Of Tajikistan - National Commission Of Child Rights, With Assistance From UNICEF Tajikistan & the Children’s Legal Centre, October 2008 [Word 170kb]
Clear description of project progress and results with recommendations for adaptation and replication, but limited description of evaluation methodology.

'Cost-Benefit Analysis of Child Protection Policies in Tajikistan', UNICEF Tajikistan & Government of Tajikistan - National Commission of Child Rights (Maastricht Graduate School of Governance, Maastricht University), April 2009 [Word 903kb]

'Gaining Respect: The voices of children in conflict with the law - A contribution to the UN Study on Violence against Children from the International Save the Children Alliance', Save the Children 2006 [Pdf 411kb]
Report of a study exploring the opinions of groups of children who are at risk of, have been, or are in conflict with the law, and recording their recommendations for developing better and more effective justice systems and approaches to children who come into conflict with the law. Includes feedback from children in Bangladesh, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ethiopia, Honduras, the Philippines, Tajikistan and Uganda. Includes findings and recommendations relevant to diversion and alternatives. 
 
Ukraine
UNICEF CEE/CIS: 'Assessment of Juvenile Justice Reform Achievements In Ukraine', July 2009 [Pdf 1.27Mb]
Report of an assessment mission in May 2008. Includes information on diversion (p. 14) and alternative sentences (pp. 16-17 & 20).


 

 

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