DRAFT: ‘Deconstructing the Pipeline: Using Efficacy and Effectiveness Data and Cost-Benefit Analyses to Reduce Minority Youth Incarceration’, David Osher et al., American Institutes for Research and Arizona State University, 2003 [Word 139kb]
Academic meta-analyis of US research in relation to recidivism and cost effectiveness of prevention, early intervention, diversion and other programmes for children in conflict wtih the law. Provides good project summaries and hard data on recidivism and cost. Narrative focus on over-representation of ethnic minorities in the system. [Please note that this is a draft paper only]. [Note this document has been used as a key resource for the toolkit]
'Program Guidelines 2009-10: Prevention, Diversion, Rehabilitation and Restorative Justice (Indigenous Justice)', Australian Government, Attorney-General's Department, Indigenous Justice and Legal Assistance Division, 2009 [Pdf 62kb]
Funding guidelines to assist the development and implementation of projects that will help reduce Indigenous Australians’ adverse contact with the justice system, with a specific focus on where youth (both female and male) are at risk.
USA - 'From Time Out to Hard Time: Young Children in the Adult Criminal Justice System', Michele Deitch et al, Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs The University of Texas at Austin, 2009 [Pdf 1.09Mb]
Study on the transfer of young children (under 12) to the adult criminal justice system in the USA, including information on adolescent brain development, the negative effects of detention and the over-representation of ethnic minorities.