Toolkit on Diversion and Alternatives to Detention

Process

• General programming
• Juvenile justice programming
• Data management
• Evaluation
• Ethics guidelines
• Legislative & legal system building
• Advocacy
 
General programming
UNICEF Programme Policy and Procedure Manual - Programme Operations, Revised February 2007 [Pdf 1.5mb]
Main document to guide UNICEF programme planning in general.

UNDP: 'Handbook on Planning, Monitoring and Evaluating for Development Results', UNDP, 2009 [Pdf 2.18Mb]
Main document for UNDP planning, monitoring and evaluation.

UNICEF Information Sheet on Child Protection, the Millennium Declaration & the Millennium Development Goals, May 06 [Pdf 70kb]
Factsheet outlining the links between child protection, the Millennium Declaration & the MDGs.

'UNICEF Child Protection Strategy', June 2008 [Pdf 125kb]
Full text of the strategy which should be used to guide programming for child protection.

'The Protective Environment: Development Support for Child Protection', Karin Landgren, Human Rights Quarterly, 2005 [Pdf 239kb]
Original paper on which the UNICEF Global Strategy is based. Karin Landgren was then UNICEF Chief of Child Protection.

'Child Protection Strategy Toolkit', UNICEF EAPRO, 2009
Cover [Pdf 349kb]
Inside cover [Pdf 138kb]
Main toolkit [Pdf 2.18Mb]
Guidance for holistic child protection programming based on the EAPRO interpretation of the Protective Environment Framework (divided into 3 main 'systems' rather than 8 elements). 5 sections: 1. Systems-building approach; 2. Programming process; technical guides on 3. Social behaviour change system; 4. Legal and regulatory Framework; 5. Social welfare system.  
 
Juvenile justice programming
"How do diversion & alternatives fit into the bigger picture of children in conflict with the law, justice for children & child protection?” [Powerpoint]
Resource created for this toolkit.

"Priorities for intervention to reform justice systems for children in conflict with the law"[Powerpoint]
Resource created for this toolkit.

"Top 10 reasons to promote diverison and alternatives" [Word 65kb]
Resource created for this toolkit.

‘Systemic approach to diversion and alternatives: mapping and planning tool’ [Word 190kb]
Resource created for this toolkit.

'Planning & implementation: participatory development of indicators' [Word 354kb]
Resource created for this toolkit.

'Manual for the Measurement of Juvenile Justice Indicators', UNODC / UNICEF, April 2006
Essential tool regarding indicators for children in conflict with the law. Downloadable in 11 parts:
1. Front cover [Pdf 119kb]
2. Manual [Pdf 807kb]
3. Appendix 1 [Pdf 18kb]
4. Appendix 2 [Pdf 68kb]
5. Appendix 3 [Pdf 115kb]
6. Appendix 4 [Pdf 78kb]
7. Appendix 5a [Pdf 24kb]
8. Appendix 5b [Excel 114kb]
9. Appendix 5c [Excel 182kb]
10. Appendix 6 [Pdf 38kb]
11. Back cover [Pdf 119kb]

'Diversion of children in conflict with the law: implementation considerations' [Word 35kb]
Summary of some key points: need for qualified personnel, clear guidelines, confidentiality and accountability - provided by UNICEF Malawi.

UNICEF CEE/CIS: ' Critical Mass in Juvenile Justice - Guidance Note on Juvenile Justice Programming in the CEE-CIS Region', July 2009 [Word 200kb]
Guidance note designed to reinforce the way in which Country Offices address juvenile justice system reforms, in line with international standards on juvenile justice and in the broader framework of national/sector-wide reforms and child-friendly justice principles set out in the UN Common Approach to Justice for Children.

'Gaining Respect: The voices of children in conflict with the law - A contribution to the UN Study on Violence against Children from the International Save the Children Alliance', Save the Children 2006 [Pdf 411kb]
Report of a study exploring the opinions of groups of children who are at risk of, have been, or are in conflict with the law, and recording their recommendations for developing better and more effective justice systems and approaches to children who come into conflict with the law. Includes feedback from children in Bangladesh, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ethiopia, Honduras, the Philippines, Tajikistan and Uganda. Includes findings and recommendations relevant to diversion and alternatives. 
 
Data management
UNICEF CEE/CIS: 'Regional and International Indicators on Juvenile Justice: Their Applicability and Relevance in Selected Countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia', July 2009 [Pdf 1.01Mb]
Study based on the findings and conclusions from the juvenile justice assessments undertaken by UNICEF CEE/CIS in 2008 in Albania, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkey and Ukraine regarding data. Includes: the extent to which data corresponding to global and regional indicators exist; problems or difficulties concerning the definition or use of such indicators; availability of data on other indicators of particular relevance to developing juvenile justice systems compatible with child rights. Includes specific information on diversion and alternatives.

'Sample of baseline data and national trends in the use of detention and diversion in Papua New Guinea', PNG National Juvenile Justice Working Committee (with support from UNICEF), January 2008 [Word 467kb]
Baseline data and national trends in the use of detention and diversion for children who come into conflict with the law.

'Prove it! The need for quality research, documentation and statistics as evidence for advocacy and programming', Marie Wernham, paper for the First World Congress on Restorative Juvenile Justice, 4-7 November 2009 [Pdf 278kb]
Paper outlining the 'head, heart, hands' approach to advocacy, communication and problem-solving, the importance of research and statitics for advocacy and programming, and some sample quantitatve indicators for measuring child development, recidivism and cost effectiveness.
 
Evaluation
South Africa - The Effectiveness of Diversion Programmes - a Longitudinal Evaluation of Cases, L. M. Muntingh, National Institute for Crime Prevention and the Reintegration of Offenders, South Africa, May 2001 [Pdf 494kb]
Longitudinal view of South African diversion programme participants from various parts of the country in both rural and urban settings.

Tajikistan - 'Promoting children’s rights in the juvenile justice system in the Republic of Tajikistan: Evaluation of the Juvenile Justice Alternatives Projects', Government Of Tajikistan - National Commission Of Child Rights, With Assistance From UNICEF Tajikistan & the Children’s Legal Centre, October 2008 [Word 170kb]
Clear description of project progress and results with recommendations for adaptation and replication, but limited description of evaluation methodology.

Ireland - 'Designing effective local responses to youth crime: A Baseline Analysis of the Garda Youth Diversion Projects', Irish Youth Justice Service, 2009 [Pdf 2.6Mb]

Mongolia: Evaluation of UNICEF Mongolia's Child Protection Programme: Juvenile justice & legislative reform, Jane S. Kim& Oyunbileg Rentsendorj for UNICEF, April 2009
Full report [Pdf 1.46Mb]
Annexes to full report [Pdf 1.04Mb]
Summary report [Pdf 453kb]
Full evaluation report. Useful & comprehensive, especially the annexes, although the full report covers a lot of ground - beyond diversion and alternatives.

UNICEF CEE/CIS: 'Documenting good practices in juvenile justice - With a particular emphasis on Critical mass priority areas', 2009 [Word 36kb]
Terms of reference for compilation of good practices in the CEE/CIS region. Contains a useful list of 8 evaluation criteria.

UNICEF CEE/CIS: 'Juvenile Justice System Reform - Assessment Guidelines', 2008 [Pdf 157kb]
Provides a framework and a checklist of issues to be addressed in juvenile justice assessments planned to be undertaken by UNICEF in several countries of CEE/CIS in 2008. Includes reference to diversion and alternatives.

'Juvenile Justice Assessment Template to Conduct an Assessment of the Juvenile Justice Systems in the Republics of Serbia and Montenegro in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia', Carol Conragan, UNICEF, October 2001 [Pdf 147kb]
List of sample detailed assessment / evaluation questions for the following stakeholders: police, social workers, judiciary, prosecutors, legislators, corrections, child detainees, government representatives, NGOs and INGOs. Contains specific references to diversion and alternatives. 
 
Ethics guidelines
'Ethical framework for Field Research Teams:
Solomon Islands', Government / UNICEF Child Protection Baseline Research 2008 [Word 78kb]
Sample ethical framework for research in 3 parts: Research Ethics, Community Ethics & Child Protection Ethics.

'Ethical Approaches to Gathering Information from Children and Adolescents in International Settings: Guidelines and Resources', Katie Schenk & Jan Williamson, Horizons, Population Council, IMPACT & Family Health International, 2005 [Pdf 826kb]

'IASC Guidelines on Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergency Settings', Inter-Agency Standing Committee, 2007 [Pdf 838kb]
Guidelines to enable humanitarian actors to plan, establish and coordinate a set of minimum multi-sectoral responses to protect and improve people’s mental health and psychosocial well-being in the midst of an emergency.
 
Legislative & legal system building
UNICEF law reform guide for juvenile justice: this document will be uploaded here when finalised.

UNICEF - 'Supporting the Realization of Children’s Rights Through a Rights-Based Approach to Legislative Reform', Programming Guidance Paper Series, Division of Policy and Planning, Working Paper, January 2007 [Pdf 923kb]
Guidance document providing tools and information to facilitate the work of UNICEF regional and country offices in the area of legislative reform. Includes, amongst other things: CRC implementation checklists for legislative reform in UNICEF priority areas (including child protection); sample legislative process flowchart; sample legislative reform evaluation matrix.

'International Human Rights Law in Evolution: The Implications of Villagran Morales et al v. Guatemala (The ‘Street Children’ Case, Inter-American Court of Human Rights) for International Human Rights Law', Marie Wernham, 2000 [Word 242kb]
The findings in this case are highly significant: the judges’ decision to bring all of the CRC into the scope of interpretation of Article 19 of the American Convention on Human Rights means that this is the first region in the world where violations of the CRC can be challenged in a regional court of law.

'Innocenti Insight: The Evolving Capacities of the Child', Gerison Lansdown, Save the Children & UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, 2005 [Pdf 468kb]
Key document outlining how to understand and apply the concept of the 'evolving capacities' of the child. Includes, amongst other things, a section on 'developing legal frameworks'.
Finland - Act on Conciliation in Criminal and Certain Civil Cases (unofficial translation) Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, Finland, 2005 [Pdf 30kb]
Example of legislation. Not specific to children but includes reference to underage participants in conciliation processes.
 
Advocacy
"Top 10 reasons to promote diverison and alternatives" [Word 65kb]
Resource created for this toolkit.

'Prove it! The need for quality research, documentation and statistics as evidence for advocacy and programming', Marie Wernham, paper for the First World Congress on Restorative Juvenile Justice, 4-7 November 2009 [Pdf 278kb]
Paper outlining the 'head, heart, hands' approach to advocacy, communication and problem-solving, the importance of research and statitics for advocacy and programming, and some sample quantitatve indicators for measuring child development, recidivism and cost effectiveness.


 


 

 

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