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Fact Sheet

Breastfeeding

In the first six months, when a baby is most at risk, exclusive breastfeeding helps to protect against diarrhea and other common infections. Exclusively breastfed infants have 2.5 times fewer illness cases and are 25 times less likely to die from diarrhea in the first six months of life than infants fed with breast milk substitutes.

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Iron Deficiency

A lack of iron in the diet is a common of iron deficiency anaemia. Iron deficiency can irreversible impair physical and mental development in infants and young children. Even mild iron deficiency can impair intellectual development.

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Malnutrition

Malnutrition develops when the body does not get the proper amount of energy (calories), proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals and other nuturients required to keep the organs and tissues healthy and functioning well.

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Complementary feeding

Children need vitamin A to help resist illness, protect their eyesight and reduce the risk of death.  Vitamin A can be found in many fruits and vegetable, eggs, dairy products, liver, fish, meat, fortified foods and breast milk.

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Iodine deficiency

Using iodized salt instead of ordinary salt provides pregnant women and children with as much iodine as they need.  Iodized salt is safe for the whole family and is the only salt needed for all the cooking.  Families should be sure to buy only iodized salt of good quality - properly marked and packaged.

 

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