|PAKISTAN – Ms. Tabina, a UNICEF Supply Officer, inventories boxes of UNICEF health kits.|
The Emergency Health Kit is an integral part of UNICEF's immediate response to most emergencies.
The Emergency Health Kit was designed by the World Health Organization (WHO), the Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), UNICEF, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), Médecins Sans Frontières, the International Committee of the Red Cross, and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and is intended to meet the initial primary health care needs of a displaced population without medical facilities.
The kit contains:
The kit does not include resuscitation and major surgical supplies and equipment, hospital equipment and/or hospital furniture.
It has been designed for general medicine under primitive conditions, more serious cases should be referred to the nearest hospital.
It is not designed for immunization or nutritional programmes: supplementary supplies and equipment will be required after an assessment of needs.
In situations of war, earthquakes or epidemics, specialized teams with medical equipment and supplies will be required.
In addition to the Emergency Health Kit, UNICEF has other kinds of kits that include: the new Postexposure Prophylaxis (PEP) Kit. PEP is a treatment that is used to reduce the risk of infection after an individual has been sexually abused or unwittingly exposed to HIV. There is also the Obstetric Surgical Kit, which contains supplies and equipment including surgical instruments, basic sterilization and resuscitation equipment, for health facilities to handle an average of 100 deliveries, including 50 with complications and surgery (with an average of 25 caesarean sections). For normal deliveries, UNICEF has developed the Midwifery Kit, containing basic medicines, renewable medical supplies, medical equipment and basic sterilization and resuscitation equipment. This is sufficient for health facilities to perform an average of 50 normal deliveries.
For further information, please see the Supply Catalogue.