Who funds vaccines for developing countries?
Each year UNICEF receives funding via over 400 funding mechanisms
to support vaccine procurement. Sometimes some vaccines are
funded by only one or two major donors. For example, from
2001 to 2003, OPV was largely funded by the Center for Disease
Control & Prevention (CDC) and the Government of Japan,
and in 2004 the World Bank’s ‘buy-down’
mechanism became the majority funding source. From 2001 to
2004, the Hepatitis B and Hib vaccines were almost exclusively
funded by GAVI/VF.
However, the majority of vaccines are financed by many agencies,
including governments themselves. UNICEF Country Offices work
at the local level with governments and bilateral agencies
to ensure there is sufficient funding available for routine
needs. This effort is complemented by global programmes and
fundraising efforts to ensure that the countries’ overall
financial requirements for vaccines, devices, cold chain and
operational activities are covered.