In 2001, UNICEF developed an organizational-wide objective
of vaccine security – to ensure an uninterrupted, sustainable
supply of quality, affordable vaccines. The three strategies
that support vaccine security - accurate forecasting, forward
funding and appropriate contracting - continued to be implemented
by UNICEF and donors in 2004, and have proven effective. In
2004, the availability of vaccine was significantly better
than in previous years, and the 2004-2006 vaccine tender will
result in a sustained supply for this period.
The vaccine market remains fragile but the supply situation
has improved in comparison to the previous five years. The
number of manufacturers pursuing WHO pre-qualification and
UNICEF procurement has increased significantly. Thus the newly
augmented supplier base promises to make a marked contribution
to the future of the vaccine market in developing countries.
The accuracy of UNICEF’s 2004 vaccine forecast exceeded
the target of 80 per cent, and all countries procuring vaccine
through UNICEF participated in the forecasting exercise. This
assisted in ensuring that vaccine production met the organization’s
needs and provided UNICEF with leverage to negotiate reduced
prices from manufacturers.