Ensure that the country owns an accessible, sustainable national knowledge base on the situation of adolescent and young girls and boys aged (10-24) in Jordan, disaggregated by age, gender, marital status, schooling, geographic location, and employment status Increase the participation of adolescent girls and boys aged (10-24) in public life and in clubs and youth centres by 50 percent by the year 2002. Increase the percentage of young women aged (20-24) actively seeking employment and self-employed in the labour force by 20 percent by 2002.
The Situation of Adolescents particularly Girls
The Jordanian population is young with 52 percent of the population below the age of 20, and the generation aged 10-19 constitutes more than 25 percent of the total population, half of which are girls. Girls' enrolment in basic education represents 48.7 per cent of total basic education, but female enrolment accounts for only 18.6 per cent in vocational apprenticeship courses. Compared to boys, girls tend to be enrolled in college and university programmes that have less economic advantage and will less likely lead to employment. Of girls aged 15-29 who are not pursuing any form of education, 78 per cent are economically inactive, 68 per cent because they are not seeking employment (housewives) and 10 per cent because they are unemployed. Large proportions of young men still do not accept female participation in public life. Fifty-five per cent of adolescents believe that the most appropriate marriage age for girls is less than 20, 56 per cent of ever-married females are married before reaching their 20th birthday and one out of 12 female adolescents have already begun child-bearing at age 18. Thirty one per cent of adolescent girls and boys give a confusing answer on sexually transmitted diseases. Twenty two per cent smoke or have tried smoking and 14 per cent used tranquillisers at least once. Information is virtually non-existent on the situation of adolescent and young girls and boys facing particular difficult circumstances, such as those that have been abused, live in the streets, experience violence (honour killing), etc.
Jordan has made remarkable achievements in reducing gender disparity in children's rights to basic health and education. However, gender disparities still exist in the limited life and employment choices available to young girls. Girls perceive their opportunities in life to be limited and as a consequence have few aspirations and a low self-image.
This project aims to create public interest and commitment to improving the situation of adolescents and helping to expand the horizon and promote opportunities for adolescents especially girls in the Jordanian society. UNICEF's role is Catalytic in mobilising awareness, interest, and commitment to the adolescent and young girls' and boys' needs and rights in the country.
At the end of its three-year duration, the project is expected to have the following outputs:
The Situation of Adolescent Girls in Jordan (DHS data analysed by Population Council)
Training material for youth in both Arabic and in English (translated and adapted) A training material for working with youth with special needs, in both Arabic and in English. Guidelines for holding country level youth forums. 9000 skilled and empowered adolescents from all governorates in the country and 360 expert adolescent facilitators. 6000 skilled practitioners working with youth in the country and 360 expert trainers.
National Counterpart: Ministry of Education, Princess Basma's Organization
Implementing Partner: UNICEF
Associated Implementing Partner: UNFPA
Commitment to addressing the needs of adolescents at the national level.
A reliable, nationally owned database on the situation of adolescents in Jordan.
Increase in youth participation in public events, clubs and civil work by 20 per cent.