The State of the World's Children 1998: Focus on Nutrition

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Table 8 (cont.)

The Rate of Progress

Under-5 mortality rank Under-5 mortality rate Average annual rate of reduction (%) GNP per capita average growth rate (%) Total fertility rate Average annual rate of reduction
1960 1980 1996 1960-1980 1980-1996 required 1996-2000 1965-1980 1985-1995 1960 1980 1996 1960-1980 1980-96
Lesotho 32 203 168 139 0.9 1.2 17.1 6.8 1.2 5.8 5.7 5.0 0.1 0.8
Liberia 5 288 235 235 1.0 0.0 30.3 0.5 - 6.6 6.8 6.5 -0.1 0.3
Libya 70 269 118 61 4.1 4.1 4.0 0.0 - 7.1 7.3 6.1 -0.1 1.1
Liechtenstein 164 - - 7 - - - - - - - - - -
Lithuania 139 70 25 18 5.1 2.1 7.6 - -11.7 2.5 2.1 1.6 0.9 1.7
Luxembourg 164 41 16 7 4.6 4.8 6.5 - 0.9 2.3 1.5 1.7 2.1 -0.8
Madagascar 21 364 216 164 2.6 1.7 21.3 -0.4 -2.2 6.6 6.6 5.8 0.0 0.8
Malawi 8 365 290 217 1.1 1.8 28.3 3.2 -0.7 6.9 7.6 6.8 -0.5 0.7
Malaysia 149 105 42 13 4.6 7.3 -1.3 4.7 5.7 6.8 4.2 3.4 2.4 1.3
Maldives 61 258 129 76 3.5 3.3 7.6 - 5.9 7.0 6.9 6.8 0.1 0.1
Mali 7 500 300 220 2.6 1.9 28.6 2.1 0.8 7.1 7.1 6.8 0.0 0.3
Malta 154 42 17 11 4.6 2.8 4.3 - 5.1 3.4 2.0 2.1 2.7 -0.3
Marshall Islands 54 - - 92 - - 10.2 - - - - - - -
Mauritania 15 330 175 183 3.2 -0.3 24.0 -0.1 0.5 6.5 6.3 5.1 0.2 1.3
Mauritius 123 84 42 23 3.4 3.9 6.9 3.7 5.4 5.8 2.8 2.3 3.6 1.2
Mexico 102 148 87 32 2.7 6.3 5.3 3.6 0.1 6.9 4.8 2.9 1.8 3.1
Micronesia, Fed. States of 116 - - 27 - - 6.6 - - - - - - -
Moldova, Rep. of 102 88 52 32 2.6 3.0 6.5 - -8.2 3.3 2.5 1.9 1.4 1.7
Monaco 175 - - 6 - - - - - - - - - -
Mongolia 67 185 112 71 2.5 2.8 5.8 - -3.8 6.0 6.2 3.4 -0.2 3.8
Morocco 64 220 152 74 1.8 4.5 7.3 2.7 0.9 7.2 5.5 3.3 1.3 3.2
Mozambique 9 280 280 214 0.0 1.7 27.9 - 3.6 6.3 6.5 6.2 -0.2 0.3
Myanmar 25 237 146 150 2.4 -0.2 19.1 1.6 0.4 6.0 5.1 3.4 0.8 2.5
Namibia 60 206 114 77 3.0 2.5 8.1 - 2.9 6.0 5.9 5.0 0.1 1.0
Nauru 104 - - 31 - - - - - - - - - -
Nepal 42 315 195 116 2.4 3.2 12.6 - 2.4 5.8 6.2 5.1 -0.3 1.2
Netherlands 175 22 11 6 3.4 3.8 3.2 2.7 1.9 3.1 1.5 1.6 3.6 -0.4
New Zealand 164 26 16 7 2.5 4.7 -0.3 1.7 0.8 3.9 2.1 2.1 3.1 0.0
Nicaragua 73 209 143 57 1.9 5.7 3.3 -0.7 -5.4 7.3 6.2 4.0 0.8 2.7
Niger 1 320 320 320 0.0 0.0 38.0 -2.5 -2.1 7.3 8.1 7.2 -0.5 0.7
Nigeria 14 204 196 191 0.2 0.1 25.1 4.2 1.2 6.5 6.5 6.1 0.0 0.4
Niue - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Norway 175 23 11 6 3.8 4.1 -0.9 3.6 1.7 2.9 1.8 1.9 2.4 -0.3
Oman 139 280 95 18 5.4 10.4 -2.6 9.0 0.3 7.2 7.2 7.2 0.0 0.0
Pakistan 33 226 161 136 1.7 1.1 16.6 1.8 1.2 6.9 6.8 5.2 0.1 1.7
Palau 97 - 39 35 - 0.7 10.2 - - - - - - -
Panama 133 104 31 20 6.0 2.7 9.1 2.8 -0.4 5.9 3.8 2.7 2.2 2.1
Papua New Guinea 44 204 112 112 3.0 0.0 11.8 - 2.3 6.3 5.6 4.8 0.6 1.0
Paraguay 100 90 61 34 1.9 3.7 8.0 4.1 1.2 6.5 5.2 4.3 1.1 1.2
Peru 72 234 126 58 3.1 4.8 3.7 0.8 -1.6 6.9 5.0 3.1 1.6 3.0
Philippines 93 107 69 38 2.2 3.7 2.3 3.2 1.5 6.9 4.9 3.7 1.7 1.8
Poland 147 70 24 14 5.3 3.6 3.3 - 1.2 3.0 2.3 1.7 1.3 1.9
Portugal 164 112 31 7 6.4 9.1 -9.9 4.6 3.6 3.1 2.2 1.5 1.7 2.4
Qatar 132 239 55 21 7.3 6.0 -3.4 - -4.2 7.0 5.8 3.9 0.9 2.5
Romania 117 82 36 25 4.1 2.2 4.2 - -3.8 2.3 2.4 1.4 -0.2 3.4
Russian Federation 117 65 36 25 3.0 2.3 5.6 - -5.1 2.6 2.0 1.4 1.3 2.2
Rwanda 19 210 218 170 -0.2 1.6 22.2 1.6 -5.4 7.5 8.3 6.2 -0.5 1.8
Saint Kitts and Nevis 93 - - 38 - - 6.5 - 4.8 - - - - -
Saint Lucia 127 - - 22 - - 10.1 - 3.9 - - - - -
Saint Vincent/Grenadines 123 - - 23 - - 7.1 - 3.8 - - - - -
Samoa 77 210 100 53 3.7 4.0 6.2 - 0.2 8.3 5.9 3.9 1.7 2.6
San Marino 149 - - 13 - - - - - - - - - -
Sao Tome and Principe 57 - - 80 - - 7.2 - -2.1 - - - - -
Saudi Arabia 108 292 85 30 6.2 6.5 0.0 4.0x -1.9 7.2 7.3 6.0 -0.1 1.2
Senegal 36 300 218 127 1.6 3.4 14.9 -0.5 -1.2 7.0 6.9 5.8 0.1 1.1
Seychelles 136 - - 19 - - 7.6 - 4.2 - - - - -
Sierra Leone 3 385 301 284 1.2 0.4 35.0 0.7 -3.6 6.2 6.5 6.2 -0.2 0.3
Singapore 189 40 13 4 5.6 7.1 -5.8 8.3 6.2 5.5 1.8 1.8 5.6 0.0
Slovakia 154 40 23 11 2.7 4.7 1.9 - -2.8 3.1 2.4 1.6 1.3 2.5
Slovenia 175 45 18 6 4.6 6.8 -2.3 - - 2.4 2.1 1.3 0.7 3.0
Solomon Islands 113 185 56 29 6.0 4.1 4.7 - 3.2 6.4 6.7 5.1 -0.2 1.7
Somalia 10 294 246 211 0.9 1.0 27.6 -0.1 -2.3x 7.0 7.0 7.0 0.0 0.0
South Africa 69 126 91 66 1.6 2.0 7.6 3.2 -1.1 6.5 4.9 3.9 1.4 1.4
Spain 186 57 16 5 6.2 7.1 -2.3 4.1 2.6 2.8 2.2 1.2 1.2 3.8
Sri Lanka 136 130 52 19 4.6 6.3 9.3 2.8 2.6 5.3 3.5 2.1 2.1 3.2
Sudan 42 210 145 116 1.9 1.4 12.6 0.8 0.6 6.7 6.5 4.7 0.2 2.0
Suriname 104 96 52 31 3.0 3.3 4.8 - 3.5 6.6 3.8 2.5 2.8 2.6
Swaziland 53 233 151 97 2.2 2.7 8.2 - -1.4 6.5 6.3 4.6 0.2 2.0
Sweden 189 20 9 4 4.1 5.1 -1.3 2.0 -0.1 2.3 1.6 1.9 1.8 -1.1
Switzerland 186 27 11 5 4.5 4.5 0.5 1.5 0.2 2.4 1.5 1.5 2.4 0.0
Syria 100 201 73 34 5.1 4.8 3.5 5.1 0.9 7.3 7.4 4.2 -0.1 3.5
Tajikistan 61 140 94 76 2.0 1.3 9.5 - -13.0 6.3 5.7 4.0 0.5 2.2
Tanzania 29 240 176 144 1.6 1.3 18.0 0.8 1.0 6.8 6.8 5.6 0.0 1.2
TFYR Macedonia 108 177 69 30 4.7 5.2 2.4 - - 4.2 2.6 2.0 2.4 1.6
Thailand 93 148 58 38 4.7 2.6 8.3 4.4 8.4 6.4 3.6 1.8 2.9 4.3
Togo 38 267 175 125 2.1 2.1 14.5 1.7 -2.7 6.6 6.6 6.2 0.0 0.4
Tonga 123 - - 23 - - 6.1 - 0.5 - - - - -
Trinidad and Tobago 143 73 40 17 3.0 5.3 1.4 3.1 -1.7 5.1 3.3 2.2 2.2 2.5
Tunisia 97 254 100 35 4.7 6.6 0.2 4.7 1.9 7.1 5.3 3.0 1.5 3.6
Turkey 82 219 133 47 2.5 6.5 0.2 3.6 2.2 6.3 4.3 2.6 1.9 3.1
Turkmenistan 58 150 95 78 2.3 1.2 9.5 - -9.6 6.4 5.1 3.7 1.1 2.0
Tuvalu 74 - 77 56 - 2.0 10.2 - - - - - - -
Uganda 30 224 180 141 1.1 1.5 17.5 -2.2 2.7 6.9 7.0 7.1 -0.1 -0.1
Ukraine 121 53 28 24 3.2 1.0 10.1 - -9.2 2.2 2.0 1.5 0.5 1.8
United Arab Emirates 139 240 64 18 6.6 7.9 2.9 - -2.8 6.9 5.4 3.6 1.2 2.5
United Kingdom 164 27 14 7 3.1 4.6 4.0 2.0 1.4 2.7 1.8 1.7 2.0 0.4
United States 163 30 15 8 3.3 3.8 5.4 1.8 1.3 3.5 1.8 2.0 3.3 -0.7
Uruguay 127 56 43 22 1.3 4.1 8.4 2.5 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.3 0.4 1.0
Uzbekistan 71 122 78 60 2.2 1.6 8.9 - -3.9 6.3 4.9 3.6 1.3 1.9
Vanuatu 77 225 110 53 3.6 4.6 3.2 - -1.1 7.2 5.4 4.5 1.4 1.1
Venezuela 115 70 42 28 2.6 2.6 12.2 2.3 0.5 6.6 4.2 3.1 2.3 1.9
Viet Nam 85 219 105 44 3.7 5.4 4.7 - 4.2 6.1 5.1 3.1 0.9 3.1
Yemen 50 340 198 105 2.7 4.0 10.1 - - 7.6 7.6 7.6 0.0 0.0
Yugoslavia, Fed. Rep. 127 120 44 22 5.0 4.3 2.4 - - 2.7 2.3 1.8 0.8 1.5
Zambia 13 213 149 202 1.8 -1.9 26.5 -1.2 -0.8 6.6 7.1 5.6 -0.4 1.5
Zimbabwe 65 181 125 73 1.8 3.4 7.9 1.7 -0.6 7.5 6.4 4.8 0.8 1.8

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