The State of the World's Children 1998: Focus on Nutrition

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Table 8

The Rate of Progress

Under-5 mortality rank Under-5 mortality rate Average annual rate of reduction (%) GNP per capita average growth rate (%) Total fertility rate Average annual rate of reduction (%)
1960 1980 1996 1960-1980 1980-1996 required 1996-2000 1965-1980 1985-1995 1960 1980 1996 1960-1980 1980-96
Afghanistan 4 360 280 257 1.3 0.5 32.5 0.6 - 6.9 7.1 6.9 -0.1 0.2
Albania 88 151 57 40 4.9 2.2 9.6 - -6.0x 5.9 3.8 2.7 2.2 2.1
Algeria 92 255 139 39 3.0 7.9 4.9 4.2 -2.4 7.3 6.8 4.0 0.4 3.3
Andorra 175 - - 6 - - - - - - - - - -
Angola 2 345 261 292 1.4 -0.7 35.7 - -6.1 6.4 6.9 6.8 -0.4 0.1
Antigua and Barbuda 127 - - 22 - - - - 2.7 - - - - -
Argentina 117 72 38 25 3.2 2.6 7.3 1.7 1.8 3.1 3.3 2.7 -0.3 1.3
Armenia 108 48 28 30 2.7 -0.4 9.3 - -15.1 4.5 2.4 1.8 3.1 1.8
Australia 175 24 13 6 3.0 4.7 0.0 2.2 1.4 3.3 2.0 1.9 2.5 0.3
Austria 175 43 17 6 4.6 7.1 -3.4 4.0 1.9 2.7 1.6 1.4 2.6 0.8
Azerbaijan 85 75 52 45 1.8 0.9 10.7 - -16.3 5.5 3.3 2.4 2.6 2.0
Bahamas 123 68 35 23 3.3 2.6 4.4 - -0.8 3.8 2.8 2.0 1.5 2.1
Bahrain 127 203 42 22 7.9 4.0 9.1 - 0.2 7.1 4.9 3.1 1.9 2.9
Bangladesh 44 247 211 112 0.8 4.0 11.8 -0.3 2.1 6.7 6.4 3.2 0.2 4.3
Barbados 152 90 29 12 5.7 5.5 9.2 - 0.8 4.5 2.1 1.7 3.8 1.3
Belarus 139 47 26 18 3.0 2.3 7.6 - -5.2 2.7 2.1 1.5 1.3 2.1
Belgium 164 35 15 7 4.3 5.0 1.5 3.6 2.2 2.6 1.6 1.6 2.4 0.0
Belize 85 104 70 44 2.0 2.9 7.4 - 3.9 6.5 5.8 3.8 0.6 2.6
Benin 31 310 176 140 2.8 1.4 17.3 -0.3 -0.3 6.9 7.1 6.0 -0.1 1.1
Bhutan 36 300 227 127 1.4 3.6 14.9 - 4.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 0.0 0.0
Bolivia 51 252 170 102 2.0 3.2 9.4 1.7 1.8 6.7 5.6 4.5 0.9 1.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 143 155 38 17 7.0 5.0 6.1 - - 4.0 2.1 1.4 3.2 2.5
Botswana 80 170 94 50 3.0 3.9 4.8 9.9 6.1 6.8 6.1 4.6 0.5 1.8
Brazil 79 177 92 52 3.3 3.6 6.6 6.3 -0.8 6.2 4.0 2.3 2.2 3.5
Brunei Darussalam 154 87 22 11 6.9 4.3 10.9 - - 6.9 4.1 2.8 2.6 2.4
Bulgaria 136 70 25 19 5.1 1.7 11.5 - -2.6 2.2 2.1 1.5 0.2 2.1
Burkina Faso 23 318 246 158 1.3 2.8 20.4 1.7 -0.2 6.7 7.8 6.7 -0.8 1.0
Burundi 17 255 193 176 1.4 0.6 23.0 2.4 -1.3 6.8 6.8 6.4 0.0 0.4
Cambodia 19 217 330 170 -2.1 4.1 22.2 - 2.0 6.3 4.6 4.6 1.6 0.0
Cameroon 51 264 173 102 2.1 3.3 9.4 2.4 -6.6 5.8 6.4 5.4 -0.5 1.1
Canada 164 33 13 7 4.8 4.0 4.0 3.3 0.4 3.8 1.7 1.6 4.0 0.4
Cape Verde 65 164 95 73 2.7 1.7 10.1 - 2.1 7.0 6.5 3.7 0.4 3.5
Central African Rep. 21 343 180 164 3.2 0.6 21.3 0.8 -2.4 5.6 5.8 5.1 -0.2 0.8
Chad 27 325 206 149 2.3 2.0 18.9 -1.9 0.6 6.0 5.9 5.6 0.1 0.3
Chile 149 138 35 13 6.9 6.2 -0.9 0.0 6.1 5.3 2.8 2.5 3.2 0.7
China 82 209 65 47 5.9 2.0 10.2 4.1 8.3 5.7 2.9 1.8 3.4 3.0
Colombia 104 130 58 31 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.7 2.6 6.8 3.8 2.8 2.9 1.9
Comoros 39 248 167 122 2.0 2.0 13.9 - -1.4 6.8 7.1 5.7 -0.2 1.4
Congo 48 220 125 108 2.8 0.9 10.8 2.7 -3.2 5.9 6.3 6.0 -0.3 0.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 12 302 210 207 1.8 0.1 27.1 -1.3 -8.5 6.0 6.6 6.4 -0.5 0.2
Cook Islands 108 - 37 30 - 1.3 8.6 - - - - - - -
Costa Rica 146 112 29 15 6.8 4.0 8.7 3.3 2.8 7.0 3.7 3.0 3.2 1.3
Côte d'Ivoire 25 300 170 150 2.8 0.8 19.1 2.8 -4.3 7.2 7.4 5.3 -0.1 2.1
Croatia 154 98 23 11 7.2 4.6 5.9 - - 2.3 2.0 1.6 0.7 1.4
Cuba 159 54 22 10 4.5 4.7 4.5 - - 4.2 2.0 1.6 3.7 1.4
Cyprus 159 36 20 10 2.9 4.7 4.6 - 4.6 3.5 2.4 2.3 1.9 0.3
Czech Rep. 164 25 19 7 1.4 6.6 -2.9 - -1.8 2.3 2.2 1.5 0.2 2.4
Denmark 175 25 10 6 4.4 3.1 1.2 2.2 1.5 2.6 1.6 1.8 2.4 -0.7
Djibouti 24 289 199 157 1.9 1.5 20.2 - - 7.0 6.6 5.5 0.3 1.1
Dominica 133 - - 20 - - 6.7 - 4.1 - - - - -
Dominican Rep. 74 149 92 56 2.4 3.1 6.4 3.8 2.1 7.4 4.3 2.9 2.7 2.5
Ecuador 88 180 101 40 2.9 5.8 4.6 5.4 0.8 6.7 5.1 3.2 1.4 2.9
Egypt 58 282 175 78 2.4 5.1 2.7 2.8 1.1 7.0 5.2 3.5 1.5 2.5
El Salvador 88 210 120 40 2.8 6.9 2.6 1.5 2.8 6.8 5.1 3.2 1.4 2.9
Equatorial Guinea 18 316 243 173 1.3 2.1 22.6 - 2.3 5.5 5.7 5.6 -0.2 0.1
Eritrea 41 250 195 120 1.2 3.0 13.5 - - 6.6 6.1 5.5 0.4 0.6
Estonia 145 52 25 16 3.7 2.8 3.3 - -4.3 2.0 2.1 1.4 -0.2 2.5
Ethiopia 16 280 213 177 1.4 1.2 23.2 0.4 -0.3 6.9 6.9 7.0 0.0 -0.1
Fiji 121 97 42 24 4.2 3.5 3.6 - 2.0 6.4 3.9 2.8 2.5 2.1
Finland 189 28 9 4 5.9 4.4 -1.1 3.6 -0.2 2.7 1.7 1.8 2.3 -0.4
France 175 34 13 6 4.9 5.2 -2.6 3.7 1.5 2.8 1.9 1.7 1.9 0.7
Gabon 28 287 194 145 2.0 1.8 18.2 5.6 -8.2 4.1 4.4 5.3 -0.4 -1.2
Gambia 49 375 250 107 2.0 5.3 10.6 - 0.3 6.4 6.5 5.3 -0.1 1.3
Georgia 113 70 44 29 2.3 2.6 8.4 - -17.0 2.9 2.3 2.0 1.2 0.9
Germany 175 40 16 6 4.7 6.2 -0.4 3.0 1.9x 2.4 1.5 1.3 2.4 0.9
Ghana 47 213 155 110 1.6 2.1 11.3 -0.8 1.4 6.9 6.5 5.4 0.3 1.2
Greece 161 64 23 9 5.2 5.9 4.6 4.8 1.3 2.2 2.1 1.4 0.2 2.5
Grenada 104 - - 31 - - 5.7 - - - - - - -
Guatemala 74 204 140 56 1.9 5.7 1.2 3.0 0.3 6.9 6.3 5.0 0.5 1.4
Guinea 11 380 300 210 1.2 2.2 27.5 1.3 1.4 7.0 7.0 6.7 0.0 0.3
Guinea-Bissau 6 336 290 223 0.7 1.7 29.0 -2.7 2.0 5.1 5.7 5.5 -0.6 0.2
Guyana 56 126 90 83 1.7 0.5 8.1 - 0.6 6.5 3.6 2.4 3.0 2.5
Haiti 34 260 200 134 1.3 2.5 16.2 0.9 -5.2 6.3 5.3 4.7 0.9 0.8
Holy See - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Honduras 97 204 101 35 3.5 6.6 0.7 1.1 0.1 7.5 6.3 4.5 0.9 2.1
Hungary 152 57 26 12 3.9 4.8 2.4 5.1 -1.0 2.0 2.0 1.5 0.0 1.8
Iceland 186 22 9 5 4.5 3.3 12.6 - 1.0 4.0 2.3 2.2 2.8 0.3
India 46 236 177 111 1.4 2.9 11.5 1.5 3.2 5.9 4.7 3.2 1.1 2.4
Indonesia 67 216 128 71 2.6 3.7 2.9 5.2 6.0 5.5 4.4 2.7 1.1 3.1
Iran 96 233 126 37 3.1 7.7 -1.5 2.9 -1.5 7.2 6.7 4.9 0.4 2.0
Iraq 39 171 83 122 3.6 -2.4 33.5 - - 7.2 6.5 5.4 0.5 1.2
Ireland 164 36 14 7 4.6 4.4 4.2 2.8 5.2 3.8 3.2 1.9 0.9 3.3
Israel 161 39 19 9 3.6 5.0 2.8 3.7 2.5 3.9 3.3 2.8 0.8 1.0
Italy 164 50 17 7 5.3 5.7 1.5 3.2 1.8 2.5 1.7 1.2 1.9 2.2
Jamaica 154 76 39 11 3.4 7.8 0.9 -0.1 3.6 5.4 3.8 2.5 1.8 2.6
Japan 175 40 11 6 6.6 3.5 9.5 5.1 2.9 2.0 1.8 1.5 0.5 1.1
Jordan 117 139 64 25 3.9 5.9 1.0 5.8 -4.5 7.7 7.1 5.3 0.4 1.8
Kazakstan 84 74 57 45 1.3 1.5 8.5 - -8.6 4.5 3.0 2.4 2.0 1.4
Kenya 55 202 112 90 2.9 1.4 10.1 3.1 0.1 8.0 7.8 5.0 0.1 2.8
Kiribati 61 - - 76 - - 6.5 - -0.6 - - - - -
Korea, Dem. People's Rep. 108 120 43 30 5.1 2.3 6.3 - - 5.8 2.8 2.1 3.6 1.8
Korea, Rep. of 164 127 18 7 9.8 5.9 3.9 7.3 7.7 6.0 2.7 1.7 4.0 2.9
Kuwait 147 128 35 14 6.6 5.6 6.4 0.6 1.1 7.3 5.4 2.9 1.5 3.9
Kyrgyzstan 80 115 73 50 2.3 2.4 7.7 - -6.9 5.1 4.1 3.3 1.1 1.4
Lao People's Dem. Rep. 35 235 200 128 0.8 2.8 15.1 - 2.7 6.2 6.7 6.7 -0.4 0.0
Latvia 133 44 26 20 2.6 1.6 10.2 - -6.6 1.9 2.0 1.5 -0.3 1.8
Lebanon 88 85 40 40 3.8 0.0 10.1 - 2.7 6.3 4.0 2.9 2.3 2.0

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